Pablo Neruda Poetry, Politics and Geography. ILEANA GONZALEZ Lincoln High School – Des Moines [email protected] The essential NERUDA Selected Poems sent as a gift from Professor Oberle to the F-H Group traveling to Chile.
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the F-H Group traveling to Chile.
The preface is written by a poet of the Beat Generation, Lawrence Ferlinghetti. He met Pablo Neruda in La Habana, Cuba
He is saying that this translation is for the Greater North American
Public. He adds, We all need these messagesDes Moines, Iowa May 2009
Chilean poet, writer,diplomat
Politician activist and exile,
for Literature, senator,
‘people’s poet the most
prolific and perhaps the
American poet of the XX
Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada (Twenty love poems and a song of despair)
His life-long literary
career was underway.
in 1949 he left the country on horseback bringing Canto General manuscript in his saddle bag.
which can be regarded as Neruda’s exile.
It contains 340 poems displays his deep knowledge about the history, geography and politics of the continent.
The central theme is the struggle for social justice, making him the people’s poet.Canto General
Four essential works are
These four trends correspond to four aspects of Neruda\'s personality:
Many of his other books, such as Libro de las preguntas (1974; The Book of Questions), reflect philosophical and whimsical questions about the present and future of humanity. Neruda was one of the most original and prolific poets to write in Spanish in the 20th century, but despite the variety of his output as a whole, each of his books has unity of style and purpose.
Neruda\'s body of poetry is so rich and varied that it defies classification or easy summary. It developed along four main directions, however.
In 1952 the political situation in Chile once again became favourable, and Neruda was able to return home. By that time his works had been translated into many languages. Rich and famous, he built a house on Isla Negra, facing the Pacific Ocean, and also maintained houses in Santiago and Valparaíso. While traveling in Europe, Cuba, and China, Neruda embarked upon a period of incessant writing and feverish creation. One of his major works, Odas elementales (Elemental Odes), was published in 1954. Its verse was written in a new poetic style—simple, direct, precise, and humorous—and it contained descriptions of everyday objects, situations, and beings (e.g., “Ode to the Onion” and “Ode to the Cat”). Many of the poems in Odas elementales have been widely anthologized. Neruda\'s poetic output during these years was stimulated by his international fame and personal happiness; 20 books of his appeared between 1958 and his death in 1973, and 8 more were published posthumously. In his memoirs, Confieso que he vivido (1974; Memoirs), Neruda summed up his life through reminiscences, comments, and anecdotes.