Our Lady of Good Counsel 5 th Graders Imagine Mars 2009. Led by Mrs. Marcie Steel, our two Social Studies classes of 50 students were broken up into 6 specialist teams to send a colony of 100 people to Mars.
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Led by Mrs. Marcie Steel, our two Social Studies classes of 50 students were broken up into 6 specialist teams to send a colony of 100 people to Mars.
Students speak with Dr. Bruce Banerdt at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
The Mission Specialist Teams 100 people on Mars by the year 2030.
Gravity and Weather 100 people on Mars by the year 2030.Mission Specialist Team had to….
Gravity and Weather Team
Gravity: When the first human visitors step foot on the surface of Mars, they’re immediately going to notice the gravity on Mars is 38% the gravity on Earth. If you weigh 100 kg on Earth, you would only weigh 38kg on Mars.
Sports on Mars: The pull of a planet’s gravity depends on the size of the planet. Since Mars has a smaller mass than Earth, the gravity is much weaker. It is about 1/3 of the Earth’s gravity. That means things weigh about 2/3 less on Mars than Earth. This could make sports interesting. For example, in basketball a normal ball weighs about 22 ounces. In Mars it would weigh about 7 ounces. When the player throws the ball up it could go really high. To make the game work better on Mars you could raise the basketball net from 10 feet to 30 feet. In baseball, you could triple the size of the field to stop constant home runs.
Housing: The material for the house would have to be 1/3 heavier so people couldn’t lift it. Materials would need to be stronger to hold the people. Buildings would need to be 1 floor (Elevators wouldn’t work well.)
Physical Education: In soccer you would be able to kick the ball farther, so you would need to make the field bigger. Rules for the presidential fitness test would change because you would be able to run faster and jump higher. Pull ups and sit ups would be easier.
The Weathertron 3000 is our robot we invented to change the weather and the seasons. It will control the whole of Mars’ weather unless you put it in a dome where it cannot get out.
Natural Disasters: One natural disaster is the dust storm. Winds gust up to 55 miles per hour. Dust storms are just like tornadoes but they blow around red dust. The storm covers the whole planet!
Here are some rules to stay safe in a dust storm:
1. Stay indoors.
2. Cover all openings in your home.
3. Make sure each family member gets out their M.L.A.K.C.(This stands for all of our names) dust storm kit.
4. Each family member must put on a dust mask and goggles.
We found… Team
Since our team is doing rocket building and transportation, we decided to build a rocket. On of the students brought in a tin foil rocket! Also, another student said that she could make a rocket out of Legos!
For transportation, we thought we should dress up. One of the girls volunteered to dress up as a crossing guard. Another wanted to bring in her “jet pack” and demonstrate that it was for transportation. We also thought it would be really cool to make a Mars planet and land Barbies dolls on them. So we brought in the Barbies, and we made one of our team members a Marscostume. So he becameMars!
We needed something to put on our posters, so we thought we should bring in a map of the solar system and to make a poster about some satellites, launching plans, and the Mars Rover! The next day, two of our teammates brought in the map of the solar system and a poster of some satellites, launching plans, and the Mars Rover! We were all glad! We all helped glue on the pictures and typed up paragraphs.
The Dome Team
Two girls in our group thought about making a dome because if people were living on Mars, they would have to live in a dome. They put inside the dome some horses, people, pigs, a chicken, and plants. It also mentioned what the plants and animals in the dome are for.
The day before we showed our Mars presentation, we practiced what we were going to say. We all thought of launching Frankie’s rocket into the air, and landing it on “Mars” or the boy dressed up as Mars. After that, we would start explaining everything.
Scientists said today they have "found proof" of water ice on Mars away from the polar ice caps, a discovery made by NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander. The finding is a crucial first step toward learning whether the ground on Mars is hospitable, because all life as we know it requires water.
Now scientists can get on with the business of studying the chemistry of Mars dirt in more detail. Finding ice on Mars isn't completely shocking, since observations from past satellites sent to orbit the planet, such as the 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft, have indicated that ice is likely to lie beneath the planet's surface. Still, if confirmed, this would be the first direct finding of that ice by a probe on the ground.
NASA scientists are testing a device that may allow humans to produce their own oxygen on Mars. This hardware, called the Oxygen Generator System, is one of five experiments on a unit known as MIP (Mars In-situ Propellant Production Precursor). Researchers will subject it to both the hottest and coldest temperature extremes found on the planet.
Last year, the device successfully produced oxygen from a gas environment that simulated Mars' extremely thin, mostly carbon dioxide atmosphere. Scientists say the idea is to "live off" Mars' resources. This will cut the amount of material required to accompany any future human mission.
For our project we thought of a lot of ideas for people to go to Mars and have shelter and food.
Here are some of them: for food we will use food robots to water and take care of the plants. We'll use food bags which are bags that come in different categories, so when you shake them in less than 30 seconds you'll have variety of foods. We'll use green houses to keep the plants safe so they die in the coldweather on Mars.
For shelter we'll have house robots to clean the house. Because Mars has no clouds to block the sunlight we could use solar panels to heat the shelters on Mars. The most likely method would be with solar electrical photovoltaic panels. Large solar energy farms would be needed to sustain a settlement. Some of the latest photovoltaic panels are made by depositing thin metal films onto flexible plastic sheets. The sheets can then be rolled into tight tubes. It can generate 15000 watts of electricity. Since the solar panels would only generate electricity when the sun was shining, some battery or fuel cell technology would be needed to store the excess generated during the day, for later use at night. One suggested non-chemical energy storage method would use underground wells to store compressed Martian air. Compressors would pump the carbon dioxide down the well to high pressures during the day. At night, the gas would be diverted to a high speed turbine, that woulddrive a generator to produce electricity.
Culture and the Arts Team
Culture and the Arts Team
Our team has come up with many ideas for life on Mars to be made possible. First we will build five huge domes that have oxygen inside. (on next slide) They are also heated by multiple fireplaces burning things. Each dome serves a different purpose. Other things we have created are schools. The children learn Math, Language Arts, Geography of Mars, Science, History, and World Language. Everything they do in school is no different from us. They share the same Religions as us and go to Church. Their government consists of a police department, a fire department, and a hospital. They have a President, but he or she serves a life term.
The Domes Team
Culture and the Arts Team
The less higher positions serve a term until Earth and Mars line up again. Mars government is a free and fair type. People twelve and older elect its officers. We also invented gravity shoes. You can purchase ones that make you float and some that allow you to stay on the ground. Basically they just have vacuum-like objects on the bottom. We also have special heating suits that are very warm. They have unlimited oxygen supply tanks that enable you to breathe. We think our inventions will help contribute to life on Mars.
Culture and the Arts Team
Other ways to foster culture and the arts on Mars:
The craters on Mars will be used for a lot of things on Mars. (Examples: circus, pool, houses, restaurants, and much more things!)
Inside a crater will be a circus. Surrounding the circus will be an “air bubble” to keep oxygen inside the circus. (Average temp on Mars: -80 degrees Fahrenheit. Average temperature on Mars with the automatic planet heater, A.P.H., 75 degrees Fahrenheit)
Your probably thinking water is hard to get on Mars. So, how will we get water? Simple! Since there is already ice on Mars, we will use the A.P.H. to turn ice into perfectly, pure, healthy, water!
Community1. As a community, people would get together and discuss ways to be more comfortable living on Mars.
2. People would need to work together to survive on Mars.
3. On Mars, sticking together as a community would be very important.
4. People could do fun things on Mars like on Earth.
1. Some employment opportunities on Mars would be mining and prospecting.2. People would explore for water and fuel, which are basic needs to survive on Mars. 3. On Mars, there is only water in the ice caps. People would have to mine for water. 4. Another job could be transporters, who transport from Mars to Earth to get important things.5. People would have to do their jobs every day because it could cause death for the whole community without water or fuel.and building a government
6. Making the landscape livable for comfortable living
Thank you! Mrs. Marcie SteelOur Lady of Good Counsel SchoolMoorestown, NJ