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Many Paths. to. One God ?. 2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000. 2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000. One G-D, Yahweh Chosen people, given Israel

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One God ?

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Many Paths

to

One God?


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

  • One G-D, Yahweh

  • Chosen people, given Israel

  • Covenant relationship

  • Coming Messiah

Judaism

Abraham

2000 BCE

Tanakh


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

  • One Great Power, Brahman

  • Reflected in many deities

  • Re-birth (reincarnation)

  • Respect for life

  • Releasethrough duty, knowledge, devotion

Hinduism

Judaism

(Not known)

Abraham

2000 BCE

1500 BCE

Vedas

Tanakh


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

  • Life involves suffering

  • Suffering is from desire

  • This can be eliminated

  • … by Noble 8-fold Path

Hinduism

Judaism

Buddhism

Siddartha Gautama

(Not known)

Abraham

500 BCE

2000 BCE

1500 BCE

Vedas

Tanakh

Tipitaka


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

  • Jesus = God (Trinity)

  • Human predicament: sin

  • Gift of forgiveness in death & resurrection

  • Need to “turn”(repentance)

Hinduism

Christianity

Judaism

Buddhism

Siddartha Gautama

Jesus

(Not known)

Abraham

500 BCE

30 CE

2000 BCE

1500 BCE

Bible

Vedas

Tanakh

Tipitaka


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

  • One God, Allah

  • Muhammad his messenger

  • 5 pillars: shahada, prayer, alms, Haj, fasting

Hinduism

Christianity

Judaism

Buddhism

Islam

Siddartha Gautama

Muhammad

Jesus

(Not known)

Abraham

500 BCE

610 CE

30 CE

2000 BCE

1500 BCE

Bible

Vedas

Tanakh

Tipitaka

Qu’ran


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

  • One God of all religions

  • Cycles of births> unity with God

  • Equality of race / sex / religion

  • No empty ritual or priests

  • 5 Ks: uncut hair, sword, bangle, comb, shorts

Sikhism

Hinduism

Christianity

Judaism

Buddhism

Islam

Siddartha Gautama

Guru Nanak

Muhammad

Jesus

(Not known)

Abraham

1500 CE

500 BCE

610 CE

30 CE

2000 BCE

1500 BCE

Guru Granth Sahib

Bible

Vedas

Tanakh

Tipitaka

Qu’ran


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

Sikhism

Hinduism

Christianity

Judaism

Buddhism

Islam

Siddartha Gautama

Guru Nanak

Muhammad

Jesus

(Not known)

Abraham

1500 CE

500 BCE

610 CE

30 CE

2000 BCE

1500 BCE

Guru Granth Sahib

Bible

Vedas

Tanakh

Tipitaka

Qu’ran


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1


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=

Oldest monotheistic faith

Heaven or Hell

Obedience to Torah (Right living)

Rebellion

Break out of cycle of re-birth

Ancient faith

Union with the Great Power

Right Living

Improvement of Hinduism

Problem of suffering

Right living

Nirvana

Accept forgiveness > new (changed) life

Fulfilment of Judaism

(Inevitable) Rebellion

Heaven or hell (starts now)

Correction of Christianity & Judaism

(Possible) Rebellion

Judgement > paradise or hell

Submission (Right living)

Break out of cycle of re-birth

Correction of Hinduism & Islam

Merge with God

Right living


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=

Oldest monotheistic faith

Heaven or Hell

Obedience to Torah (Right living)

Rebellion

Break out of cycle of re-birth

Ancient faith

Union with the Great Power

Right Living

Improvement of Hinduism

Problem of suffering

Right living

Nirvana

Accept forgiveness > new (changed) life

Fulfilment of Judaism

(Inevitable) Rebellion

Heaven or hell (starts now)

Correction of Christianity & Judaism

(Possible) Rebellion

Judgement > paradise or hell

Submission (Right living)

Break out of cycle of re-birth

Correction of Hinduism & Islam

Merge with God

Right living


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=

Good news!

Oldest monotheistic faith

Heaven or Hell

Obedience to Torah (Right living)

Rebellion

Break out of cycle of re-birth

Ancient faith

Union with the Great Power

Right Living

Improvement of Hinduism

Problem of suffering

Right living

Nirvana

Accept forgiveness > new (changed) life

Fulfilment of Judaism

(Inevitable) Rebellion

Heaven or hell (starts now)

Correction of Christianity & Judaism

(Possible) Rebellion

Judgement > paradise or hell

Submission (Right living)

Break out of cycle of re-birth

Correction of Hinduism & Islam

Merge with God

Right living


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2000 BCE 1500 1000 500 0 500 CE 1000 1500 2000

Different Christian responses to other faiths:

“Exclusivist”

Only Christians are “saved”; other faiths are outdated, deluded or demonic

Other faiths have insights into truth, but Christianity alone has the full picture. God may welcome others into heaven.

“Inclusivist”

“Pluralist”

There are many ways to God through different cultures and faiths; God, who is love, welcomes all.


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