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Agenda for Wed. 11 /18– 30052H. Objectives for Today:. “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift Cast Away essay due Monday at beginning of class. Starbucks test on Monday, Nov. 23. Define and identify sarcasm and verbal irony in “A Modest Proposal”.

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Agenda for Wed. 11/18– 30052H

Objectives for Today:

“A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift

Cast Away essay due Monday at beginning of class.

Starbucks test on Monday, Nov. 23

  • Define and identify sarcasm and verbal irony in “A Modest Proposal”.

  • Define and identify emotional, ethical, and logical appeals in “A Modest Proposal”.

  • Interpret how emotional, ethical, and logical appeals effect persuasion in proposals.


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“A Modest Proposal”By: Jonathan Swift


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“The cover of this week's New Yorker magazine depicts Obama in one-piece Muslim garb and headdress fist-bumping his booted, Afro-wearing wife Michelle in camo clothes with an AK-47 and ammo-belt slung over her shoulder beneath a portrait of Osama bin-Laden while the American flag burns in the fireplace -- in the presidential Oval Office.It's got everything incendiary except a vest bomb. Which is what should telegraph to most people that it's way over-the-top and, therefore, satire.”—LA Times


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SATIRE as “tasteless and offensive.”

  • A literary work which attacks human vices, follies, shortcomings, or stupidity through ridicule, derision, irony, sarcasm, wit, & scathing humor.


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Targets of Satire improvement, i.e. shaming it into reform.

  • a person or a group of people

  • an idea or an attitude

  • society and its institutions

  • a social practice

  • a place (city, state, or nation)


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Targets of “A Modest Proposal” improvement, i.e. shaming it into reform.

  • English People

  • Catholics

  • Irish People

  • Landlords

  • Americans


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Means of Satire improvement, i.e. shaming it into reform.

  • Art

  • Music

  • Poetry, prose

  • Drama, film

  • Cartoons, comic strips

  • Commentary


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Tools of Satire improvement, i.e. shaming it into reform.

  • Verbal irony—words of praise which convey criticism and words of criticism which convey praise


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“Great.” improvement, i.e. shaming it into reform.


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remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.Good Job!”


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Anatomy of a Proposal remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.

  • Proposal: the act of offering or suggesting something for acceptance, adoption, or performance.

    • Three literary tools used in proposals

      • Emotional Appeals

      • Ethical Appeals

      • Logical Appeals


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Emotional Appeals remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.

  • Passages that use words that arouse strong feelings

    • Emotional examples

    • Vivid descriptions

    • Narratives of emotional events

    • Emotional tone

    • Figurative language


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Dr. Martin Luther King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.

  • I guess it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, 'Wait.' But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity; … when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see the depressing clouds of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky, and see her begin to distort her little personality by unconsciously developing a bitterness toward white people; … when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading 'white' and 'colored'; … when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of 'nobodiness'; then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait."


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Ethical Appeals remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.

  • Passages that establish the writer’s qualifications and sincerity

  • Demonstrates author's reliability, competence, and respect for the audience's ideas and values through reliable and appropriate use of support and general accuracy


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Logical Appeals remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.

  • Passages that use evidence such as facts or statistics to support a position

    • Theoretical, abstract  language Denotative meanings/reasons

    • Literal and historical analogies

    • Definitions

    • Factual data and statistics

    • Quotations

    • Citations from experts and authorities

    • Informed opinions


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Examples of Satire “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Saturday Night Live’s Weekend Update—satirizes TV news and criticizes human flaws and vices related to politics, entertainment, and current events.


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Scary Movie “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Satirizes horror

    movies by exaggerating the techniques used to scare audiences.


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Austin Powers “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Satirizes 1960’s spy movies. Tackles sexism toward women and ridicules escapes by the spy and stupidity of the evil villain.


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Political Cartoons “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Satirize politicians and political issues by criticizing policy decisions and personality traits of elected officials.


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Political Cartoons “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."


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This is Spinal Tap “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Satirizes rockumentaries and the excess of modern musicians.


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Weird Al’s Songs “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Satirizes musicians & music videos by commenting on the excess of modern musicians as well as simplicity and immaturity of the lyrics.


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Animal Farm “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Satirizes Communist Russia


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Split into ‘Expert’ Groups “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Number off into Five groups.

  • Sarcasm, Verbal Irony, Emotional Appeal, Ethical Appeal, and Logical Appeal.

  • Take time in your groups to:

    • Come up with a group definition of your literary terms.

    • Find three examples in Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” of your literary terms. (Note the page and paragraph of example.)


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‘Expert’ Groups “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Now that you’ve defined your literary terms in your own words and found two examples, come up with a way to teach your findings to your home groups.

  • **The key is to make it memorable and creative. You could write a poem, draw a picture, sing a song, etc.


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Time to teach what you learned. “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Tools

    • Verbal Irony Experts

    • Sarcasm Experts

    • Emotional Appeal Experts

    • Ethical Appeal Experts

    • Logical Appeal Experts

  • **If you can teach something that means you know it.**


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Follow Up “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."


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Emotional Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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“Yea, that girl’s really smart.” “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

Sarcasm

What is this?


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Logical Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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Logical Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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Emotional Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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Ethical Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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Emotional Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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Emotional Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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Ethical Appeal “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

What is this?


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“Grandma! You look…beautiful!” “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

Sarcasm

What is this?


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“MMMM! That looks healthy!” “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

Verbal Irony

What is this?


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Review Objectives “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."

  • Define and identify sarcasm and verbal irony in “A Modest Proposal”.

  • Define and identify emotional, ethical, and logical appeals in “A Modest Proposal”.

  • Interpret how emotional, ethical, and logical appeals affect persuasion in proposals.


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