Middle East Peace Process
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Middle East Peace Process. Importance: 1) Important to achieving other US FP goals in the region. 2) Stability in the ME. 3) Decreases Terrorism. British declare end of rule in 1948 --international pressure --Terrorism (Irgun). UN General Assembly- November 1947

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Importance: 1) Important to achieving other US FP goals in the region

2) Stability in the ME

3) Decreases Terrorism


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British declare end of rule in 1948 the region

--international pressure

--Terrorism (Irgun)

UN General Assembly- November 1947

Partition into Jewish and Palestinian state

Jerusalem- international admin


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Jewish Leaders Accept the region

Arab Leaders Reject

End of 1947- Conflict

Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan

May 14, 1948- Official End British Mandate

State of Israel Declared


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War, Five Arab States vs Israel the region

Israel victorious

Result of War: 1) Israeli state larger than UN plan


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2) Refugees the region

3) Arab Antagonism

1948-1967 Military Crises

1967- 6 Day War

Effects of 1967 War 1) Israeli Growth


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2) Occupied Territories and Terrorism the region

3) Settlements

UN 242

1) Israeli withdrawal

2) Recognition of all states


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1973 Yom Kippur War the region

Egypt and Syria vs Israel

Effects of War 1) UN Buffer Zones

2) US prevent future wars

3) PLO internationalizes


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1979 Camp David Accords the region

1987- Intifada

  • 1993 Oslo Declaration of Principles

  • Right to exist

  • Self Governance

1995 Interim Agreement


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Nov. 1995 Rabin assassinated, renewal of violence the region

Unsettled Issues 1) Refugees

2) Jerusalem

3) Violence

4) PNA

5) Settlements


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Current US Policy the region

1) Road Map

3 phases 1) end violence, freeze settlements

2) Palestinian State with provisional borders

3) Final borders, refugees, Jerusalem

2) Acceptance of Unilateral Israeli Withdrawal


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Quartet- US, EU, Russia, and UN the region

Advs: 1) gradualism

2) Intl Commitment

3) Normalize SQ

Problems 1) First Phase Problems

2) Quartet Blues

3) No real solutions- like Oslo


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Alternatives: Indyk, Frmr Ambassador to Israel- Trusteeship the region

US runs Palestinian territory as trustee

Build Palestinian Institutions

Final Status Negotiations


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Advantages: 1) Only outside power can break violence cycle the region

2) Past Success

3) US commitment

Problems: 1) Imperialism

2) American Public

3) Palestinian and Israeli Resistance


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Alternative: Partition, Neighbors Make Good Fences the region

Advs 1) Separation solves violence

2) Decrease Dependence

3) Easier Negotiate other issues

Problems: 1) No integration

2) False Hope

3) Economic Collapse


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