Middle East Peace Process
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Middle East Peace Process. Importance: 1) Important to achieving other US FP goals in the region. 2) Stability in the ME. 3) Decreases Terrorism. British declare end of rule in 1948 --international pressure --Terrorism (Irgun). UN General Assembly- November 1947

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Middle East Peace Process

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Middle East Peace Process


Importance: 1) Important to achieving other US FP goals in the region

2) Stability in the ME

3) Decreases Terrorism


British declare end of rule in 1948

--international pressure

--Terrorism (Irgun)

UN General Assembly- November 1947

Partition into Jewish and Palestinian state

Jerusalem- international admin


Jewish Leaders Accept

Arab Leaders Reject

End of 1947- Conflict

Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan

May 14, 1948- Official End British Mandate

State of Israel Declared


War, Five Arab States vs Israel

Israel victorious

Result of War: 1) Israeli state larger than UN plan


2) Refugees

3) Arab Antagonism

1948-1967 Military Crises

1967- 6 Day War

Effects of 1967 War 1) Israeli Growth


2) Occupied Territories and Terrorism

3) Settlements

UN 242

1) Israeli withdrawal

2) Recognition of all states


1973 Yom Kippur War

Egypt and Syria vs Israel

Effects of War 1) UN Buffer Zones

2) US prevent future wars

3) PLO internationalizes


1979 Camp David Accords

1987- Intifada

  • 1993 Oslo Declaration of Principles

  • Right to exist

  • Self Governance

1995 Interim Agreement


Nov. 1995 Rabin assassinated, renewal of violence

Unsettled Issues 1) Refugees

2) Jerusalem

3) Violence

4) PNA

5) Settlements


Current US Policy

1) Road Map

3 phases 1) end violence, freeze settlements

2) Palestinian State with provisional borders

3) Final borders, refugees, Jerusalem

2) Acceptance of Unilateral Israeli Withdrawal


Quartet- US, EU, Russia, and UN

Advs: 1) gradualism

2) Intl Commitment

3) Normalize SQ

Problems 1) First Phase Problems

2) Quartet Blues

3) No real solutions- like Oslo


Alternatives: Indyk, Frmr Ambassador to Israel- Trusteeship

US runs Palestinian territory as trustee

Build Palestinian Institutions

Final Status Negotiations


Advantages: 1) Only outside power can break violence cycle

2) Past Success

3) US commitment

Problems: 1) Imperialism

2) American Public

3) Palestinian and Israeli Resistance


Alternative: Partition, Neighbors Make Good Fences

Advs 1) Separation solves violence

2) Decrease Dependence

3) Easier Negotiate other issues

Problems: 1) No integration

2) False Hope

3) Economic Collapse


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