Ibn Khaldun (1332-1395). The Muqaddimah. Malaspina Great Books. Why we are reading this book a. Understand “Islamic” Paradigm b. “Islamic” Influence on Renaissance c. “Islamic” vs. “Christian” World Views d. Birth of “Scientific Method” e. Roles of “Science” in both Cultures
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Malaspina Great Books
a. Understand “Islamic” Paradigm
b. “Islamic” Influence on Renaissance
c. “Islamic” vs. “Christian” World Views
d. Birth of “Scientific Method”
e. Roles of “Science” in both Cultures
2. Islamic Empire
3. Christian & Islamic Stereotypes
4 The Crusades: Then & Now
5. Islamic Cultural Achievements in Arts & Science
6. Muhammad & Islam as a Religion
7. Sharia Law & Women
8. Liberal Islam (Khaldun’s Influence)
9. Ibn Khaldun: background & influence
10. Khaldun: Key Terms
Observations (on right)
prophets & knowledge
how science emerges
two types of science
traditional science (Sufism, dreams, theology)
Intellectual science (logic, physics, metaphysics, mathematics)
other sciences (sorcery, alchemy, astrology)
refutation of philosophy
education & pedagogyOutline
Dec 12, 1098
"A terrible famine racked the army in Ma\'arra, and placed it in the cruel neccessity of feeding itself upon the bodies of the Saracens." (letter to Pope Urban II)
"In Ma\'arra our troops boiled pagan adults alive in cooking-pots; they impaled children on spits and devoured them grilled." (Radulph of Caen)
"Not only did our troops not shrink from eating dead Turks and Saracens; they also ate dogs!“ (Albert of Aix)
“The small city of Ma\'arra east of Antioch, falls to the crusades. The crusaders shock the Muslim world by eating human flesh from the adults and children massacred following their conquest. The Frankians would forever be referred to by Turkish historians as ‘cannibals’.”(Encyclopaedia of the Orient)
Primarily known for Muqaddimah or \'Prolegomena\'which identifies thepsychological, economic, environmental and social facts that contribute to the advancement of human civilization and the currents of history (in contrast to political context of history).
Analyzed the dynamics of group relationships and showed how group feelings, al-\'Asabiyya, give rise to the ascent of a new civilization.
The other 6 volumes of his world history Kitab al-I\'bar deal with the history of contemporary Muslim & European rulers, ancient history of Arabs, Jews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, etc.
The last volume deals largely with the events of his own life and is known as Al-Tasrif. This was also written in a scientific manner and initiated a new analytical tradition in the art of writing autobiography.
A book on math written by him is not extant.
Khaldun’s analysis concludes that science & education & teaching determine cultural prosperity & that “open minded thinking” about unknown principles and crossing disciplines is key; advocates comprehensive but staged education using simple humane (non-aggressive) methods combining balanced mix of theory & practice.