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EXPLORINGChinese Cultures and American Cultures

Myriam Met

[email protected]


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“…the values that are most important in the West are least important worldwide.”Harry C. Triandis, the New York Times, as quoted by Samuel Huntington. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations.” Foreign Affairs Vol. 72, No. 3. p. 41


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Culture: least important worldwide.”Who are we? Who am I?

  • Who is an American?

  • What does it mean to be American?

  • Who is Chinese?

  • What does it mean to be Chinese?


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How Culture Shapes Us least important worldwide.”

  • EXPLICIT TRANSMISSIONS: those behaviors which are spoken (e.g. “stick to your own kind, “family first”, wearing of colors, use of language)

  • TACIT TRANSMISSIONS: those behaviors which are hidden or unspoken and at times, unknown (e.g. communication patterns, ordering at a restaurant)


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Multilingual least important worldwide.”

Intercultural

Multicultural

Mono-cultural

Monolingual


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Teaching Culture least important worldwide.”

  • Culture and Language

  • Culture in language


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National Standards for Foreign Language Learning least important worldwide.”

Products

Practices

Perspectives


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Culture learning: A journey least important worldwide.”


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Deciding What To Teach least important worldwide.”

  • How do we choose what are our students need to know? What do they need to be able to do?

  • What is most important? Least important?

  • In what order should we teach these objectives?

  • How will we know when our students have ‘arrived’?


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Start With The Eyes? least important worldwide.”

  • Becoming an observer

  • Analyzing, understanding, and validating


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Start With The Eyes? least important worldwide.”

  • Same form, different meaning

  • Different form, same meaning

  • Same form, same meaning: different distribution


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Practices: Chinese and US least important worldwide.”

  • Greetings

  • Names

  • Smiling and joking

  • Touching

  • Meal customs

  • Celebrations


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Practices: Gifts least important worldwide.”

  • When do we give gifts?

  • To whom?

  • What’s an appropriate gift?

  • What do you do when you receive a gift?


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What’s a perspective? least important worldwide.”

  • Value, attitude or belief

  • Sacred norm—a given, so deeply ingrained that we take it for granted as the ‘natural order of things’

  • A lens or filter


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Cultural Perspectives least important worldwide.”The Family


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Language, Culture, least important worldwide.”and Perspectives

  • Home

  • Friend

  • Work/Leisure

  • Thank you


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Language and Perspectives least important worldwide.”What’s a lucky number?What’s an unlucky number?

4

6

8

13

18


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Giving Compliments least important worldwide.”

  • What’s a compliment?

  • Who gives compliments to whom?

  • What is an appropriate response?


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Public and Private Emotions least important worldwide.”

Where or when is it ok to display the emotions below?

anger, happiness, grief, fear, disgust, surprise, disappointment


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Individualist least important worldwide.”

Independent work

Individual effort personal success

Collectivist

Focus on group goals

Work in groups or teams

Attribute success to the group

Avoid confrontation

Use indirect forms of commands/requests

Cultural Perspectives:School and Workplace


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