Our African Trip Ev M. and Sally D. Nov 2008 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Our African Trip Ev M. and Sally D. Nov 2008. Mt. Kenya Extinct volcano 17000 ft, Africa’s 2nd highest mountain. The Big Five. Elephant Rhinoceros Leopard Lion Water buffalo. Largest land mammals to 12000lbs Live to 70 Females roam in close-knit family herds Dominated by matriarch.

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Our African Trip Ev M. and Sally D. Nov 2008

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Our African Trip

Ev M. and Sally D.

Nov 2008

Mt. Kenya

Extinct volcano

17000 ft, Africa’s 2nd highest mountain


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The Big Five

  • Elephant

  • Rhinoceros

  • Leopard

  • Lion

  • Water buffalo


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Largest land mammals to 12000lbs

Live to 70

Females roam in close-knit family herds

Dominated by matriarch


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Dust baths


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Black rhinos browse and white rhinos (grass) have different mouth shapes

White bigger and heavier, very rare, confined to Maru


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Leopard spots are rosettes, each unique like a fingerprint


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Female lion


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At a picnic site, following a feeding


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Water buffalo look introspective and gentle but can be quite ferocious. We saw great herds, many just sleeping at waterhole. Favorite spot for yellow billed oxpecker.


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Cheetah-fastest land animal

Tail-tip is and individual, like fingerprint


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Giraffe-note acacia thorns

Born with horns

18 ft tall


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acaci


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Hippos can travel very fast;

Closely related to whales

Born underwater, weigh to 7000 pounds

No fear of crocs


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Hippo pool


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Gnu or wildebeest


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Vultures and storks on the Masai


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Baboons & Monkeys


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Rock agama


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Birds


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African crowned eagle

Overlooking rift valley


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Hammerkop


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Hammerkop nest


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Lake Nakuru is home to 2 million

Lesser flamingos

Alkaline lake Stocked with tilapia


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Flamingo Lake


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Hyena has complex social life; hunt flamingos


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Egyptian Goose

Depicted on tombs of ancient Egyptians

Regarded as sacred and kept in captivity


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Black necked heron


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Sacred ibis


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Maribou stork

Most common stork

Often found with vultures

Predates on flamingoes, causes colonies to disperse and leave eggs


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Yellow billed stork

Found in inland waters


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Crowned cranes


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sec

Secretary bird


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Secretary birds displaying

Long-legged raptor, walk thru grasslands

Stomp on prey, like snakes, with hardened foot pads


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Pale chanting goshawk

Melodious call

Spends time walking on ground, eats mainly lizards and small snakes


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Fish eagle

Feeds on water birds and lesser flamingos

Closely related to kites


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Black shouldered kite

Hovers for prey


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Martial eagle, resident


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Lappett vultures


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Hadaka Ibis

Sociable, loud hah-hah calls

Often in villages and cultivated gardens


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Ground hornbill

Resemble domestic turkeys

Don’t build walled nests,

lay eggs in hollow trees and stumps

or caves


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Find hollow in tree

Walls herself in with regurgitated pellets of earth and mucus, patted into hold till small slit remains

When too small opening remains, she stays inside and lays 1=2 eggs

Hatch in 45 days, she moults and has to stay 60 more days

Male feeds first the female then the brood, regurg fruits(24000) thru small slit

When grown, female breaks down hole and they leave


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Great blue turaco


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Kori bustard

Large walking bird, strong legsl


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Helmeted guinea fowl

game bird


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Yellow necked spur fowl

game bird


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Crowned plover

Handsome bird of grassy plain


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Wattled plover


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Painted snipe


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Malachite kingfisher


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Wagtail

Runs along ground and wags tail

Related to pipits and longclaws-claws help for running in long grasses


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Rosy breasted longclaw

Related to pipits and wagtails


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Common stonechat

Small open country chat, seen on farm fencepost


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Pin tailed whydah

4 lg tail feathers during breeding season

Parasitic on waxbills


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Red naped widowbird

Only male develops elongated feather


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oxpeckers


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Yellow billed oxpecker


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African hoopoe


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Weaver nest

Intricate, often social built to ward off predators, either with material, multiple openings etc


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weaver


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White eyed salty fly


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Coucal-related to our cuckoos


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Robin chat


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Superb starling


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Lilac roller


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Sunbird

Many beautiful

Not related to hummers, can’t hover. Pierce side of flower, not great pollinators


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Flowers


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Mammals


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