demoractic republic of congo
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
DEMORACTIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

DEMORACTIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 306 Views
  • Uploaded on

DEMORACTIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. BY: Eugene Herring Shanelle Mohawk Mariama Sidique Deniece Yeboah. THESIS:.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'DEMORACTIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO' - Jeffrey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
demoractic republic of congo

DEMORACTIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

BY:

Eugene Herring

Shanelle Mohawk

Mariama Sidique

Deniece Yeboah

thesis
THESIS:
  • Before NGOs can effectively work in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the international community must first recognize and address the insecurity and violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
conflict history
CONFLICT HISTORY:
  • “Africa’s first world war” Over 1,000 people continue to die each day from Diseases, Malnutrition and Ongoing Violence
  • Legacy of colonialism: 1885 Belgian imposition of colonial rule by King Leopold II
  • War broke out again in August 1998 -Rwandan troops backing Congolese Tutsi rebels invaded Congo
history continued
HISTORY CONTINUED:
  • Between 1998 and 2004, an estimated 4 million people died in the ensuing conflict
  • In March 2005, the UN described Eastern Congo as “the world’s worst humanitarian crisis”.
  • Violence has been fuelled by Congo’s mineral wealth.

WARNING:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwjt-mgM8E0

why transnational
Why Transnational?
  • Rwandan Refugees
  • Minerals exported
  • Northern NGOs seeking to address issues
great lakes refugee crisis
Great Lakes Refugee Crisis
  • Refugees continue to contribute to the humanitarian crisis
  • Displacement of thousands of Hutu and Tutsi refugees due to civil war/genocide
  • Refugees remain in hiding or are settled with the local population in that region, fearing reprisals if they return home
  • The refugees have credible fears of attacks by the Rwandan military once they return to their homes
  • DRC seeks repatriation
natural resources exported
Mineral reserves mean the DRC has the potential to become a prosperous state

Prominent potential industries: petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm, oil, soap, flour, cigarettes

Natural resources play a role in explaining the character of the colonial rule, but post colonial leaders have never sought to break the cycle

It is hoped elections will create an environment for greater foreign investment and a more organized exploitation of resources

Foreign businesses have curtailed current mineral operations due to uncertainty about the outcome of the conflict, lack of infrastructure, and difficult operating environment

Link between poverty and conflict

Natural Resources Exported
attention from ngos
Attention from NGOs

The DRC is a transnational issue because NGOs like Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, WHO are raising awareness within public arena

The DRC has been considered a transnational issue since the Congo Crisis (1960-1965)

a period of turmoil in the First Republic of the Congo that began with national independence from Belgium

UN military intervention

It is also debated that the Congo has been a site of a cold war Proxy battle between the United States and the Soviet Union

role of ngos and igos
ROLE OF NGOs and IGOs:

1. International Rescue Committee (IRC)

  • Focus on reviving communities and strengthen local capacity for recovery.
  • The largest provider of humanitarian aid in DRC
  • Provide essential health care for 3.6 million people, constructing and repairing hospitals and clinics in DRC
2 world health organization who
2.World Health Organization (WHO)
  • Focus on health issues and the alleviation of treatable diseases such as malaria, meningitis, measles, AIDS and child malnutrition

3. MONUC

  • Established to facilitate the implementation of the Lusaka Accord signed in 1999
  • DRC government does not contribute to the finances
other donors
Other Donors:

Top Donors of gross ODA (2003/4) (US$ million)

www.monuc .com

why give a damn about congo

Why Give a Damn about Congo?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDOuk3g3ZmQ

ir theories
IR THEORIES:
  • Realism – no intervention or intervention only based on national interests (power and notions of domination)
  • Liberal Institutionalism- UN-led intervention/peacekeeping should focus on establishing basic security and ability to trade
  • Constructivism- The atrocities require a humanitarian intervention and prosecution at the ICC
  • Feminism- Focus on gender, and how women/girls are affected by the violence
slide14
From your knowledge of the matter in the Democratic Republic of Congo, what theory do you feel best explains the event in DRC?
theory related to the drc conflict
THEORY RELATED TO THE DRC CONFLICT:
  • Realist thought is the foundation of wars, especially those that tend to exploit resources, as well as people. Realist thought is based on strength, which comes from the military. This military power is used as a coercive tool in order to obtain the things that a state may want or need.
our solutions
OUR SOLUTIONS:
  • Strengthen UN Mandates - Proceed, with MONUC, to establish a weapons-free zone, disarm new militias and have more peace keeping forces in the area

-MONUC should establish joint monitoring teams with the national army to control troop movements

  • More Government NGO Cooperation
  • DRC Government rebuilding infrastructure
  • Renewed violence reduction program
  • Prosecutor of ICC should investigate atrocity crimes committed and prosecute those most responsible
bibliography
BIBLIOGRAPHY:
  • http://www.theirc.org/where/the_irc_in_democratic_republic_of_congo.html
  • http://www.monuc.org/News.aspx?newsID=11448&menuOpened=DRC%20profile
  • http://www.who.int/about/en/
ad