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NXTGEN ICT - The Next Generation - Web 2+ Innovative - Imaginative - Inspiring - Integrated. Constructive use of disruptive technologies. Ken Price. How is Web2.0 influencing School 2.0?. What does Web 2.0 mean for education?. Implications for teachers? How can we best use it?

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NXTGEN ICT - The Next Generation - Web 2+Innovative - Imaginative - Inspiring - Integrated

Constructive use of disruptive technologies

Ken Price

How is Web2.0 influencing School 2.0?

What does Web 2.0 mean for education?

Implications for teachers?

How can we best use it?

What does it mean for school systems?

How might it affect models of education?

"The reasonable man adapts himself to the conditions that surround him... The unreasonable man adapts surrounding conditions to himself... All progress depends on the unreasonable man."

George Bernard Shaw

“You can only tell the shape of things by looking at the edges”




The hype…

Choose your own definition

  • Web is the platform – webtop not desktop

  • The read-write web (not the read-only web)

  • Data comes from users… many users

  • Location of data is irrelevant

  • Sometimes data combined from multiple sources – often XML

  • Authentication taken care of by site (sometimes transferable eg Google, Gmail, etc)

  • Usually AJAX-based (Asynchronous Javascript and XML).

Technical stuff

Disruptive technology

Web 2.0 is inherently a disruptive technology… this has two faces.

Disruptive technology

  • Disruption is Essential to innovation

Disruptive technology

  • Disruption is Evil for some (many?) school leaders, school systems and maybe some teachers

Web 2.0 is disrupting the way people use IT in their lives

Top 20 Australian web sites (data source Alexa, August 2007,

Web 1.0

Web 2.0

Web 1.0 with some 2.0 features

Students are using Web 2.0 now

  • Blogs,e.g. Blogspot, Blogger, Mo’time,

  • Social network software, e.g. Myspace, Facebook,

  • Tagged photo stores, e.g. Flickr


  • Wikis,e.g. Wikipedia

  • Communication networks, e.g. Skype

  • News and audio services, e.g. podcasts and hosted video

Top 20 Educational tools © Centre for Learning & Performance Technologies, 2007

Web 1.0

Web 2.0

Web 3.D

Web 2.0

Virtual Worlds

3D portals



Integrated Gaming

Social Computing

Web 1.0








Internet Users: Web 1.0  Web 2.0  Web 3.D

1 billion

Information |Participation| Immersion

Number of Users

100 million

10 million





Fetscherin, M & Lattemann, C. (June 2007) User Acceptance of Virtual Worlds

Web 2.0 disrupts some beliefs about knowledge, understanding and learning


  • Web 1.0 – web as digital reference library, largely a source of information for students.

    strive for content to be authoritative.

  • Web 2.0 – web as place for students to build knowledge, interact, share ideas.

    accept that content may be unreliable.

Web 2.0 and pedagogy

“I'm not surprised to read …that most of the activities involving broadband are teacher-led (or what I call the Dick Turpin style of teaching - stand and deliver) because we're not encouraging this symmetry, with pupils creating content and using broadband to share it with others.

There needs to be this peer-to-peer type of learning and this why broadband hasn't yet delivered the properly personalised curriculum. Sadly, today, broadband is about delivery and not about what it truly should be: participation.”

(Stephen Heppell, 2006)

Web 2.0 disrupts people and their roles

Extending a metaphor…McKeown, L.

Lead-ers at the pointy end

Sharp ones- take up from early adopters

Wood – Would do it with the right support from the leaders

The dead wood –hard to get results with these

The eraser– can undo most of the work of the others given half a chance

Chewed up- still active but happy for others to lead

Hanger-on: looks like part of the act, but does nothing

And in a Web2.0 world…

RSS feed

weather feed

RSS feed


RSS feed


  • A sort of customisable dashboard that can draw data from a wide range of other Web2.0 applications

  • My pageflakes page

Web 2.0 uptake - initially

  • Web 2.0 tools are often used as Web 1.0 tools initially

    eg blogs and podcasts just a way of disseminating class tasks and notes, collections used only to convey websites, Wikipedia just as a “reference” tool

Web 2.0 disrupts some ideas on student participation

Students creating significant content, feedback and interaction can be a challenge

Rate My Teachers…

  • What would your school/system do if faced with this?

Rate My Teachers…

  • Now has teacher response feature!!

Web 2.0 and constructivism

  • If we accept that knowledge creation is at least a significant part of pedagogy, we need tools that work that way

  • Web 2.0 tools do

Web 2.0 disrupts our perception of what is mainstream

Overton Window

  • named after Joe Overton (Mackinac Center for Public Policy)

  • An acceptable "window" of public reactions to ideas under discussion,

The Overton Window







e.g. what should we do with children who steal?

Smile at them, they will grow out of it

Court + child detention centre

Execute them, and their parents

Gaol term, hard labour

Social services intervention

Adult gaol term


The Overton Window

Raise public discussion about these ideas

The Overton Window

  • moving the Overton Window - people promote ideas even less acceptable than the previous "outer fringe" ideas

    talk about extremes to shift the average person’s ideas

Implications for leaders?

We have a professional obligation to discuss and analyse somewhat extreme ideas to shift the popular view. Nobody else will!

Web 2.0 (and 3.D) are such ideas


  • At its simplest - just a social bookmarks organiser

  • Nice way for students to maintain/share reference and personal collections of online material, or teachers to present these

  • Portable, device-independent

  • Based on user-determined tagging (folksonomy rather than formal taxonomy)

Example -

Why use

  • Save site found using multiple computers (home and school) to one place.

  • Access your bookmarks anywhere you have web access.

  • Continue to access your bookmarks even when your computer crashes or you get a new computer.

  • Shareweb sites with your students or peers.

  • Search your bookmarks by keywords and tags.

  • Use related tags to narrow or extend your searches.

  • Display your saved web site links by category.

  • Learn about new sites from your other users.

  • Subscribe to other users’ bookmarks.

  • Check out recently posted and popular sites.

Web 2.0 disrupts some views on the tools students should use

Would you be surprised if in 2005

  • 84% of prisons had rules against online chatting

  • 81% had rules against instant messaging

  • 62% prohibited blogging or participating in online discussion boards.

  • 60% prohibited sending and receiving email

  • 52% prohibited any social networking sites?

No? It was actually US school districts in 2007

  • 84% - rules against online chatting in school

  • 81% - rules against instant messaging in school

  • 62% -prohibit blogging, participating in online discussion boards

  • 60% -prohibit email

  • 52% prohibit social networking sites

National Schools Board Association/Grunwald Associates LLS, (2007).

Creating and Connecting- Research and Guidelines on Online Social and Educational Networking

Banning Web 2.0 in schools?

Impact of Web 2.0 on education systems

  • There seems to be a pattern of how schools and systems respond to disruptive technology

  • Evident since HotMaiL (maybe before?)

  • 5 stages (maybe?)

System responses to disruptive technology

Some online tool becomes available freely

System responses to disruptive technology

Studentsuse it at home and school

System responses to disruptive technology

Some educators may (validly or otherwise) see this tool as a threat. They respond by restricting, renouncing or simply banning it.

System responses to disruptive technology

Tool becomes widespread in wider community (Gladwell’s Tipping Point reached?). Student use or expectation reaches critical mass, education sees its potential and the need to provide it securely

System responses to disruptive technology

Education responds with a secure and manageable replacement

And everyone breathes a sigh of relief….

System responses to disruptive technology

  • Where is your school/institution in relation to these 5 steps, regarding Web 2.0 ?

Google Earth

  • As it stands, it’s really Web 1.0

  • With student-generated and shared data, it’s an “almost Web 2.0” application.

  • Mashups of Google Earth or Maps with other data can produce neat educational products

Google Literature Trips, timelines, etc - track the journey described in a book or story, and annotate the places on the way.

  • London timeline (kmz file) animation of London skyline over time (local copy)

  • Student modelling and online stores of such models eg locating nuclear reactor in WA

Youtube and Teachertube



    Example of YouTube in classroom

Youtube – classroom video

  • How would your school respond to this?

    <<link to teacher rage video>>

Youtube – the other side of secret video

Secret filming teacher defended

Mrs Mason denies professional misconduct and failing to promote the education and welfare of students.

It would be a "travesty of justice" to discipline a supply teacher who secretly filmed her pupils for a documentary, a tribunal has heard.

Mrs Mason, of north London, is accused of professional misconduct for filming staff and students without consent.

She denies misconduct, saying she wanted to expose "classroom chaos".

ThinkFree docs and

  • Almost a complete office suite (like Microsoft Office, etc), complete with storage and the ability to share or collaborate

Why use ThinkFree or Google Docs?

  • Available at home, school, anywhere (both program and data)

  • Free, and legal at home and school

  • Kids can share and collaborate on work

  • Compatible with common software when necessary


  • Simple photo-storing and sharing site

  • Tagging by users

  • As always educators find unexpected ways to use it

  • 16 ways to use Flickr in your library

Flickr as a tool for annotating images for critical analysis or instruction



    Recipes -


Flickr recipe

Mind and concept mapping tools

  • Online mindmapping-brainstorming tools, with inbuilt storage


  • Collaborative note taking and building of student knowledge from class/lecture model.

    (associates your email address to your school/college/TAFE/university)


Online diagramming tool (similar to Visio)


  • Edit and store videos online

  • Obvious issues of content, duty of care, exposure of education system or school to unwanted publicity

Web 2.0 disrupts the tradition of schools and systems having a monopoly on owning and delivering curriculum


Free online curriculum, built in a wiki-style model.

Can be used as a resource, or as a place to collaboratively build curriculum

Web 2.0 disrupts our ideas on how education could be organised, experienced and provided

Edu 2.0

  • Provides shared curriculum/courses, and allows people to teach them or learn from them

  • Courses can be public or private

Web 2.0 disrupts the idea that schools are responsible for providing IT services to students

OK so what is left?

  • There are new ways for kids to have webtop productivity software, email, online storage, mindmapping, diagramming, image management, GIS-geospatial tools, video, audio, hardwere etc etc

  • What if education and training just made use of these instead of trying to provide it all?

What if all this was available for free?

  • Email, 2 GB of storage per student, mail search tools and integrated chat.

  • Access your inbox, calendar, docs and campus info, plus search the web from one place.

  • Manage your domain and user accounts online.

  • Free text and voice calling around the world.

  • Docs & Spreadsheets: create, share and collaborate on documents in real-time

  • Coordinate meetings and school events with sharable calendars.

  • Easily create and publish web pages.

  • All with a single username and password

    And for a small fee, if you want it…

  • Integrate with your existing IT systems or 3rd party solutions.

  • 24/7 assistance, including phone support.

Well, it is. Right now.

One Laptop Per Child$100 laptop projectIt's an education project, not a laptop project. — Nicholas Negroponte

  • cheap rugged computers for students

  • many already have computers, but this might help some situations eg remote areas, socially disadvantaged

Web 2.0 can disrupt our very idea of what a school, education system or teacher is

  • 40 weeks x 5 days x 6 hours model, 30 students + teacher organised by age and moving as a group each year in a funded environment– is this just a convenience from last century?

  • Web 2.0 allows us to consider 365 x 24 x 7 with students organised in other ways (if we want!) eg new Catholic school in Paramatta

There are risks…

Web 2.0 risks

  • Where is (are) your data?

  • Who else can get to it?

  • Does the application encourage inappropriate use?

Web 2.0 risks

  • Usernames and passwords – how to manage them all?

  • Security risk if you use same username/pwd as on your own systems? Need for different levels of password

Web 2.0 risks

Facebook 9th ranked website for Australian users - ahead of all banks, govt sites, main eBay, Amazon and Flickr

  • Google Australia

  • Yahoo!

  • Google

  • Microsoft Network (MSN)

  • Myspace


  • YouTube

  • Windows Live

  • Facebook

  • Wikipedia

    August Alexa rankings,

  • Different usernames and passwords for lots of systems? Why not one super ID that manages all these?


Web 2.0 risks

  • What happens if the service provider has technical problems, goes out of business

  • Data volume and bandwidth requirements?

Cost of IT provision

Average cost of these services is just over $250 per student.

What will Web 2.0 do to IT costs?

  • reduce some software costs, and maybe hardware (students using own hardware at home more)

  • Reduce direct support costs might drop (or shift to other providers)

  • Actual ISP/bandwidth/data volume will increase, and so will costs (does this all have to be via a school in the conventional sense?)

Web 2.0 risks

  • Copyright implications

  • Ownership issues (eg your school)

  • Cost of hosted or used content under CAL licensing

  • Some hope provided by Creative Commons, NEALS initiatives…

Creative Commons licensing

The future…

  • Let’s hope that early-adopter educators continue to innovate with new technologies, and schools and systems make use of their findings to benefit all learners.

What would YOU do?

  • a student uses and claims that a teacher is involved in an inappropriate relationship with one of her students?

What would YOU do?

  • some students use a photosharing site to share photos of last weekend’s drinking party. Some of the photos involve nudity

What would YOU do?

  • a teacher uses a free public blog site to develop and deliver all their year’s work. The blog site closes without notice 6 months later as the company collapses.

    The teacher has no copy of their materials because “it’s all stored on that network thing isn’t it??”

What would YOU do?

  • Your students decide to repeatedly edit the Wikipedia pages for your city, to “improve” them. The Wikipedia administrators block the IP range for your school system so nobody in your school/system can edit.

What would YOU do?

  • Some kids hate the different software versions, settings and applications on school and home computers.

    They decide instead to do all their work using ThinkFree, a totally online application and data storage tool.

You are now here…

Presentation Ken Price 2007

Free for educational non-profit use under Creative Commons license

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