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COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH MILIND MALSHE Professor Department of Humanities & Social Sciences IIT-BOMBAY MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION (i) effective use of visual aids (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience

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COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH

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Communication presentation skills oral skills spoken english l.jpg

COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLSORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH

MILIND MALSHE

Professor

Department of Humanities & Social Sciences

IIT-BOMBAY


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MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION

  • (i) effective use of visual aids

  • (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience

  • (iii) clarity in pronunciation and fluency

  • (iv) maintaining a proper speed of presentation

  • (v) posture and body movements suggesting confidence

  • (vi) seeking and making proper use of visual feedback

  • (vii) noting down important points arising out of discussion


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DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS

  • 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a comparison

  • Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed, pauses, body movements, facial expressions

  • Writing/Printing: punctuation, capitalization, spacing, margins, fonts


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DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)

  • 2. Pronunciation of Words:

    (a) vowel and consonant sounds

  • (comparison of sounds with letters a-z);

    The letter “a” in :

    fat /æ/, father /a:/,

    fate /eɪ/, about /ə/

    Or the letters “th” in “thin” /ɵ/ & “then” /ð/.

    Also notice

    (b) word-stress: ‘language, communi’cation


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DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)

  • 3. Use of the phonetic script and the (Pronouncing) Dictionary: International Phonetic Alphabet: free downloading is possible

  • Dictionaries on CD : listening to the pronunciation and it variety (e.g. British & American) now possible


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DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)

4. Pronunciation of Sentences:

intonation and rhythm

INTONATION: rising / (yes /)

falling \ (yes \)

combination \/ (yes \/)

RHYTHM: de dum de dum

x ’x ’


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Vowel sounds of English

  • (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs)initiallymediallyfinally

  • 1. /i:/ eastsheetkey

  • 2. /I/ ithitduty

  • 3. /e / endsend

  • 4. /æ/ and sand

  • 5. /a:/ artheart car

  • 6. /ɒ/ oxfox


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Vowel sounds of English (continued)

initiallymediallyfinally

7. /ɔ:/ allball saw

8. /U/ put

9. /u:/oozechoosechew

10.//upcup

11./з:/earnlearn stir

12. /ə/agopolicemaker


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Vowel sounds of English (continued)Diphthongs

  • 13. /eɪ/ eightstraightstay

  • 14. /əʊ/ oakjokeslow

  • 15. /aɪ/ icemicemy

  • 16./aʊ/ outshouthow

  • 17. /ɔɪ/ oilboilboy

  • 18. /ɪə/ earsbeardpeer

  • 19. /eə/ airspairedhare

  • 20. /uə/ curedtour


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Consonant sounds of English

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 1. /p/ pin spinkeep

  • 2. /b/ bintubsclub

  • 3. /t/ tell sticklight

  • 4. /d/ day headslaid

  • 5. /k/ keep skillstick

  • 6. /g/getjugsbag


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Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 7. /ʧ/ chin reachedteach

  • 8. / ʤ/ jokehingedlarge

  • 9. /m/ metsmoke team

  • 10. /n/ netsnaketin

  • 11. /ŋ/ ringssing

  • 12. /l/ lotflingfull


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Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 13 /f/ fansoftif

  • 14. /v/ vanleavesthief

  • 15. /ɵ/ thinmonthsbath

  • 16./ð/ thenclothesbathe


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Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 17. /s/ siplistless

  • 18. /z/ ziploserbuzz

  • 19. /ʃ/ shiprushedhush

  • 20. /ʒ/ measurerouge


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Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 21. /h/ hotbehave

  • 22. /r/ rottry

  • 23. /w/ wattsweat

  • 24. /j/ yatchtune


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Two-syllable words

Stress on first syllable

‘bargain

‘govern

‘secret

‘mischief

‘message

‘cabbage

‘surface

‘furnace

‘husband

‘butcher

‘proverb

‘thorough

‘oven

‘onion

‘compass

Word-stress


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Stress on second syllable

ad’mit

for’bid

suc’ced

sup’press

po’lice

pay’ee

dis’miss

ag’ree

se’lect

re’quest

pre’fer

re’fer

oc’cur

ar’rest

com’mence

per’haps

Word-stress (continued)Two-syllable words


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Stress on first syllable

’advertise

’educate

’illustrate

’furniture

’government

’literature

’recognize

’signature

’tentative

Stress on second syllable

ad’venture

com’mercial

de’cision

ex’ternal

in’ternal

per’mission

re’vision

spec’tator

um’brella

Word-stress (continued)Three-syllable words


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Primary Stress on third syllable

,addres’see

,ciga’rette

,coin’cide

,devo’tee

,engi’neer

,guaran’tee

,recim’mend

Word-stress (continued)Three-syllable words


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Primary Stress on first syllable

’applicable

’accurately

’comfortable

’honourable

Primary Stress on second syllable

ad’vertisement

ap’preciate

a’rithmetic

e’xaggerate

par’ticipate

pho’tography

Word-stress (continued)Four-syllable words


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Primary Stress on third syllable

acci’dental

appli’cation

exhi’bition

inde’pendent

indi’vidual

Primary Stress on fourth syllable

dedica’tee

exami’nee

Word-stress (continued)Four-syllable words


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Primary Stress on first syllable

‘favouritism

‘cannibalism

‘secularism

Primary Stress on second syllable

ad’venturousness

en’thusiasm

con’servatism

Primary Stress on third syllable

elec’tricity

irre’sponsible

popu’larity

Primary Stress on fourth syllable

acade’mician

civili’zation

pactici’pation

Word-stress (continued)words with more than four syllables


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Word-stress (continued):stress change according to part of speech

  • COMPARE:

    Noun/AdjectiveVerb

  • ’absentab’sent

  • ’accentac’cent

  • ’concertcon’cert

  • ’conflictcon’flict

  • ’exportex’port

  • ’producepro’duce

  • ’subjectsub’ject


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Attributes of good oral communication

  • 1.Sounds and sound combinations

  • 2. Stress

  • 3. Rhythm

  • 4. Intonation

  • 5. Speed: pausing

  • 6. Clarity of articulation

  • 7. Voice modulation: volume & pitch variation (avoiding “monotonous speech)


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