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Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys- MICS3 Analysis and Report Writing Workshop Panama City, July 12-20, 2006. Child labour. Indicators . Percentage of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities Labourer students Student labourers. Goals .

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Child labour

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Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys- MICS3

Analysis and Report Writing Workshop

Panama City, July 12-20, 2006

Child labour


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Indicators

  • Percentage of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities

  • Labourer students

  • Student labourers


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Goals

  • World Fit for Children (WFFC)

  • Protect children against abuse, exploitation and violence. Under general protection nine strategies are mentioned to combat child labour

  • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

  • The Millennium Declaration calls for the protection of children against abuse, exploitation and violence but no goal, target or indicator is included


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Why to measure child labour?

  • Reasons:

  • Identify the magnitude of the problem as well as its characteristics

  • Evaluate impact of programs and interventions based on trends


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Data sources/methods

  • Administrative records

  • Population census

  • Household surveys

  • Other surveys


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The MICS3 approach

  • Estimation of indicator based on household survey data

  • Present results by background variables to localize the problem

  • Promote the design and implementation of further analysis of the main determinants of child labour to help the design of policies and the development of programs and interventions


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Child labour

  • Numerator:

    • Ages 5-11

      • at least one hour of economic activity or

      • at least 28 hours of household chores per week

    • Ages 12-14

      • at least 14 hours of economic activity or

      • at least 28 hours of household chores per week

    • Economic activity of children is defined as any paid or unpaid work for someone who is not a member of the household, or other family work

  • Denominator: All children 5-14 years of age


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Child labour in CEE/CIS(MICS2 1999-2001)


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SPSS Program

  • Generates basic table: CP 2

  • Percent of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities


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Labourer students

  • Numerator:

    • Number of children aged 5-14 years involved in child labour activities (labourers) that attend school

  • Denominator:

  • Total number of children aged 5-14 years involved in child labour activities (labourers)


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Students labourers

  • Numerator:

    • Number of children aged 5-14 years attending school that are involved in child labour activities

  • Denominator:

  • Total number of children aged 5-14 years attending school


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SPSS Program

  • Generates basic table: CP 3

  • Generates

    • the percent of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities (labourers) that also are attending school and

    • The percent of children 5-14 years of age attending school who are also involved in child labour activities


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Methodological issues

  • 28 hours as the cut-off for household chores

  • Gender issue

  • Shall we measure economic activity only?

  • Where do agencies (ILO and the World Bank) stand on the child labour problem?

  • Presentation of results for disadvantaged groups


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Child Labour, Education and thePrinciple of Non-DiscriminationElizabeth D. Gibbons, Friedrich Huebler, and Edilberto LoaizaDivision of Policy and Planning, UNICEFNew YorkJune 9, 2004


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Thank you!


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