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MINISTRY OF MINES AND ENERGY. Secretariat of Oil, Natural Gas and Renewable Fuels. Biofuel: Investment and Partnerships. Marco Antônio Martins Almeida. Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships . 1970-2020: 50 years in perspective The share of biofuels in Brazil

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MINISTRY OF MINES AND ENERGY

Secretariat of Oil, Natural Gas and Renewable Fuels

Biofuel: Investment and Partnerships

Marco Antônio Martins Almeida


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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1970 – 2020: 50 years in perspective

... in other words: the world will continue to use oil


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Variation in demand for primary energy: 2007-2030

OECD countries

Coal

Other countries

Oil

Natural Gas

Nuclear

Hydro-electric

Fossil sources will continue to be preponderant: 77% of rise in demand until 2030

Biomass

Other Renewable

- 500

0

500

1 000

1 500

2 000

Mtoe

Source: IEA – World Energy Outlook 2009


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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Recent Changes to Vehicle Fuels Use (Brazil)

Anhydrated Ethanol

Hydrated Ethanol

Gasoline

Diesel


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Recent Changes to Vehicle Fuels Use (Brazil)

Millions of m3

BY VOLUME 1990 2009 ETHANOL TOTAL: 11.4 24.0

ANHYDR. ETHANOL: 1.2 6.3

HYDRAT. ETHANOL: 10.2 17.7

Anhydrated Ethanol

Hydrated Ethanol

Gasoline

Diesel


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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US$

Millions of m³

Price of oil (US$)

Consumption of ethanol in Brazil (m3)

Consumption of gasoline in Brazil (m3)

2003: Flex-Fuel

1975: Pro-alcohol

2004: Biodiesel

Source: BP Statistical Review 2009/ MME 2010


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Fuel demand for Otto cycle vehicles

Total demand for Otto cycle (with LPG)

Total demand for Otto cycle (without LPG)

Gasoline consumption

1.4 billion barrels of oil shipped

US$ 20 billion

Emissions avoided of more than 900 million tonnes of CO2


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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Biodiesel: The New Biofuel in Brazil

2008

a

2012

2005

a

2007

A partir de

2013

2%

2%

5%

Autorizado

Obrigatório

Obrigatório

  • Law no. 11.097/2005:

As of

to

to

Authorized

Obligatory

Obligatory

Market: 1 billion liters/year

Market: 2.4 billion liters/year

  • Targets planned by the government:

Jan-Jun

Jul – Dec

Jan – Jun

Jul –Dec

Jan –


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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Ethanol:

Strong expansion of internal market

Export

Other purposes

Billions of liters

Fuel

Source: MME / PDE 2009 – 2018 (preliminary results)

Source: MME / PDE 2009 – 2018 (preliminary results)

Billions of liters

Biodiesel:

Guarantee of supply of B5 with diversification of raw materials


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9% of production

Amazon Forest

Twice the distance between Shanghai and Beijing

Principal areas of sugarcane planting

production in 2009:

26 billion liters

91% of sugarcane production

Source: NIPE-Unicamp, IBGE, CTC, UNICA, EPE and MAPA

Location of production plants

(in operation / design / being installed)


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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Biofuels versus fossil fuels

Fossil fuels

Biofuels

0.08 x 1012 liters/year

In the world

3.3 x 1012 liters/year

Fossil fuels

Biofuels

24 x 109 liters/year

... in Brazil

Data refers to 2008 (Source: BP / MME)

Light and medium derivates considered: Diesel, Gasoline and KAV

69 x 109 liters/year


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Biofuels and Oil

  • The world will continue to use oil in the coming decades, with increasing environmental restrictions

  • Biofuels will have an increasingly important role, whether in mixtures or as replacements for fossil fuel. Biofuels, not just in Brazil’s opinion, are the best option to reduce the carbon content of fuels.

  • Biofuels are increasingly part of the investment portfolio of large oil companies. Petrobras, Shell and BP are examples of this.

  • The growing use of biofuels in the world is not a threat to investments in E&P, to the contrary, contribute to enabling the exploration of non-conventional oil.

  • With the Pre-Salt resources, Brazil has the potential to become an important actor in the geo-political world and to maintain its policy of incentives in the production and use of biofuels.


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Principal partnerships with the Oil Industry

  • PETROBRAS: Investments of the order of US$ 2.8 billion in production of biofuels. Partner with Tereos.

  • BP: Investments of more than US$ 1 billion in Brazil for ethanol fuel production. Partners with Energy Biosciences Institute in California, with DuPont in the United Kingdom and joint venture with Verenium.

  • CHEVRON: Joint venture with Weyerhaeuser. Partners with the Technological Institute of Georgia and with the University of California in Davis (R&D).

  • EXXON MOBIL: Investments of US$ 600 million in biofuels with Synthetic Genomics.

  • SHELL: Partners with COSAN in Brazil, Iogen in Canada, Choden in Germany, Virent Energy Systems in the USA and investments in Codexis in the USA.

  • TOTAL: Investments in Gevo Biofuels, in the USA.

Source: Ecomii (2010)


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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships

1970-2020: 50 years in perspective

The share of biofuels in Brazil

Ethanol: from Pro-alcohol to Copenhagen

Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil

The expansion of production in Brazil

Biofuels and the Oil Industry

Biofuels and the Consumer

Conclusions


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Positive Externals for Biofuels

  • Renewable energy source

  • Best CO2 balance in the life-cycle

  • Contributes to energy security

  • Distribution of income, principally at the agricultural stage

  • Biofuels industry is not concentrated (multiplicity of companies, actors and countries)

  • Reduction of principal pollutant emissions

  • Higher job and income generation in the production chain


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Conclusions

  • With the use of biofuels, Brazil shows that it is possible to obtain:

    • protection of consumer interests in the supply, guarantee of the supply, price/tariff and the quality of energy obtainable

    • diversification and energy security

    • expansion of internal energy supply as a pre-requisite of social and economic growth

    • mitigation of emissions of pollutants and greenhouse effect gases


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