aerospace history of hong kong
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Hong Kong Air Cadet Corps. Aerospace History of Hong Kong. By P/O Kevin KOK. Introduction. Aviation history in Hong Kong Early aviation in HK HK Aviation before World War II HK Aviation after World War II Recent aviation in HK Flying boats in HK Kai Tak airport

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Presentation Transcript
introduction
Introduction
  • Aviation history in Hong Kong
    • Early aviation in HK
    • HK Aviation before World War II
    • HK Aviation after World War II
    • Recent aviation in HK
    • Flying boats in HK
  • Kai Tak airport
  • Aviation training in Hong Kong
early aviation in hk 1891 1936
Early aviation in HK(1891-1936)
  • In 1891,the first Balloon Flight was conducted by Baldwin Brother in Hong Kong.
  • In 18 March 1911, Charles Van Den Born has a permission of the first powered flight at the Shatin with his Henry Farmer biplane.
hk aviation before wwii 1936 1941
HK Aviation before WWII (1936-1941)
  • In 1936, the first commercial passenger flight arrived Hong Kong by De Havilland DH 86 Expressed airliner Named “Dorado”.
  • In a later time, regular flight were conducted into Hong Kong to Shanghai , Guangzhou and other parts of China until the Second World War in Dec of 1941. All the civil aviation of was suspended from 1941-1945.
hk aviation after wwii 1945 1960
HK Aviation after WWII (1945-1960)
  • The flight in Kai Tak was resumed on September 1945 with arrival of DC-3 of China National Aviation Company.
  • The Cathay Pacific first aeroplane, Betsy, could fly to HK to Europe later.
  • 1952, The British-built De Havilland- comet opened the commercial passenger jet era.
  • 1958, the large commercial passenger jet-DC8, Comet, and Boeing 707 became popular in the commercial airlines.
recent aviation in hk 1960s 1990s
Recent aviation in HK (1960s-1990s)
  • After extension of runway in 1960s, DC8, 707, and comet could be land in Hong Kong Kai Tak airport.
  • In 1970s, Boeing 727 and 737 started the traveling industry of HK and all over the world.
  • In 1970s, the first scheduled Boeing 747 service, operated by Pan America World airway arrival Kai Tak.
  • Then the aviation of Hong Kong developed enormously in both scheduled passenger and cargo services.
  • It becomes the aviation-hub in Asia and all over the world.
flying boats in hong kong
Flying boats in Hong Kong
  • Before airport wild spread, flying boat offered a good alternative for airplanes.
  • In 1936, Pan America airway flying boats provided international passengers and cargo services in Hong Kong.
  • Local flying boat services was provided by Cathay pacific and MATCO between Hong Kong and Macau from 1946-1967.
  • Their flying boat “ Miss Macau” was first record of aviation hijacking in the world!!!
  • The flying boats services was terminated in 1970s. Nowadays, it is used for advertisements in Hong Kong.
kai tak airport
Kai Tak Airport
  • In 1924, HO Kai and AU Tak reclaim Kowloon Bay for housing, however, the venture was failed the land was returned to government.
  • The government was used for aircrafts landing field and flying boats trip in 1930s.
  • In 1935, the first control tower and fire station was operated in the airfield.
slide9
The first runway (13, 31) was established in 1939 with 457 metres long, the runway was further extend to 1371 metres by Japanese in WWII.
  • In the same period, another runway (07,25) was built on Kai Tak by Japanese and it was closed after the war.
slide10
In 1956, the first passenger terminal was built and the runway was extended to 2194 metres.
  • In 1970s, the new passenger terminal became available and the runway (13,31) was further extended to 3358 metres for Boeing 747 and DC 10.
  • In 1976, only 4 millions of passengers passed through the airport, and the first air cargo terminal start to work,.
  • In 1995, over 24 millions passengers and half millions tons of cargo passed through Kai Tak.
  • In July of 1998, Kai Tak airport was closed. The Hong Kong International was moved to Chap Lap Kwok.
aviation training in hong kong
Aviation training in Hong Kong
  • The Far East Flying Training School (1934-1962)
    • 1920s-1930s, the training of pilots, aircrews and engineers was expanding in Asia.
    • In 1934, Vaughan Fowler (who was the Wing Commander of Royal Air force) determined to set up the first aviation academy in Asia backed up from Far East aviation company- The Far East Flying Training School (FEFTS).
slide12
At the beginning, the school was very popular and attracted the student from Asia. However, the school was closed in the WWII.
  • In 1951, the school was resumed and located at the north-west corner of the Kai Tak airport- the present Hong Kong Aviation Club.
  • In 1962, Typhoon Wanda destroyed the hanger with all the aircrafts in FEFTS, the school was forced to closed. It was taken over from Aero Club of Hong Kong, and rename to Far East Flying and Technical School (FEFATS).
slide13
Far East Flying and Technical School

(1962-1983)

  • The school gave 35 yrs of excellent training of pilots engineer and technicians.
  • More than 6000 students were graduated.
  • Most of them served in the HAECO (Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Company Limited) and other well known company in the world.
  • However, the instructors from the school was suffered the competition of the Hong Kong Polytechnics and other companies in 1980s, the school was forced to closed and sold to Hong Kong Aviation Club in 1983 .
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