A New Legal Form of “Family”: Adult Interdependent Relationships.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Ownership, use, & acquisition of
- Walk away for at least 1 year
- Marry someone
- Enter A.I.P. with someone else
- Written termination agreement
- by other unspecified means
Marital Status & Living Arrangements of the Alberta Population Aged 15 & Over, 1995
NOTE: The following are 1995 GSS data to be up-dated with 2001 census)
Family Formation & Dissolution:
Marriages and Divorces in Alberta, 1946-2001
Source: Statistics Canada CANSIM II data base. For divorces, Table 530002, Vector 119;
for marriages, Table 530001, Vector 106. CANSIM is an official mark of Statistics Canada.
e.g., a) boom & bust economy ($ fights)
b) high level of family violence
c) high proportion of migrants leaves weaker social control by parents & siblings & perhaps less of a social support netwk
a) Sexism of Alberta males (see time use data)
b) Individualism – high value placed on
c) Personal Autonomy – high value on
d) U.S. Influence: right to pursuit of happiness
e) Protestant Work Ethic (sacrifice family)
High female labour force participation rate (Click here) suggests that Alberta women have greater economic freedom to leave a marriage.
Family Formation (cont’d.):
The Baby Boom as Measured by Number of Births in Alberta,
The Second ‘Boom’: Due to Echo & In-migration, NOT increased rates of fertility.
Source: Statistics Canada’s CANSIM II database. Vector ________.
CANSIM is an official mark of Statistics Canada.
Note that the earlier-observed increase in number of births in 1980s is NOT due to increased fertility rates.
Note that Alta. Fertility rate now below replacement.
xDivorce Rate (high: see previous data)
x Women’s Labour Force Participation (high)Click here for graph
Attitudesa-Re: Importance Of Marriage: Albertans are more trad’l than Cdns x - Re: Importance of Lasting Couple Relnshp Is much more important than marriage for both Albertans & Cdns
Sex-Role Stereotyping in Time Use in:a- Household Chores (both spouses employed)Yes; Alta. women spend about twice as much time on this as Alta men.a- Child CareYes; Alta. Women spend signif. more time at this than do their partnersX - On both child care and household chores, Alta employed women spend less time than do employed women in other countries.
A L B E R T AC A N A D A
(Cell entries are percentages)
Importance of Being Married
“In order for YOU to be happy in life, is it very important, important, not very important or not at all important …
a) To be married?” Asked of all respondents. Very Important 39 38 40 36 36 35
Important 38 39 36 35 38 33
Not Very 21 20 21 25 22 28
Not at All 3 3 3 4 4 5
Importance of Having a Lasting Relationship
b) To have a lasting relationship as a couple?” Asked of all Rs. Very Important 59 59 59 58 58 59
Important 33 32 33 35 37 34
Not Very 7 8 7 6 4 7
Not at All 1 1 1 1 1 1
Time Use: Alta. in Comparative Perspective (Hrs/Day) Courtesy of Dr. A. Gauthier. Data shown are average hours per day, calculated over a 7 day week for married or co-habiting adults, age 18-49, with at least one child home under age 18.
SurveyHOUSCCARECIVICFREEPERS N cases
Note that for both child care and household chores, employed Alberta men spend:
- Frequency of Contact with Parents In Last 12 Months
On the next slide, note:
“Overall, would you say that your relationship is …?” Asked of all persons who are married (not separated), living common-law, or living in a same-sex partnership.
Very Happy76 72 80 74 75 73
Fairly Happy22 26 18 24 24 25
Not too happy2 1 2 2 2 3
NOTE: Alberta’s married couples (78%) are much more likely than common-law couples (63%) to report themselves to be “Very Happy”.
“About how often do you and your (spouse/partner) laugh together? Is it...” Asked of all persons who were asked the happiness question above.
Almost Every Day87 90 84 82 84 80
Once or Twice Per Week11 9 13 15 14 16
Less Than Once Per Week1 1 3 1 3 4
NOTE: Common-law partners in both Alberta & Canada report a slightly greater frequency of laughing than do married couples.
No diffs. betw. Albertans & Cdns
Men were slightly closer to mother than are women: 90% of men and 85% of women say they were very close to mother when growing up
No diffs. betw. Albertans & Cdns
No diffs betw. Men and Women
Less close than to mother. (87% agreed strongly that they were very close to their mother when growing up, but the corresponding figure for father was only 69%
Only 3% of Albertans and 5% of Canadians agree