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Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San Jose Client: Asian Inc. Researchers: Marites Alvarez, Lehua Asher, Jessica M. Look, Matt Neuebaumer A technical assistance and nonprofit research organization incorporated in 1971

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Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San JoseClient: Asian Inc.

Researchers: Marites Alvarez,

Lehua Asher, Jessica M. Look,

Matt Neuebaumer


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  • A technical assistance and nonprofit research organization incorporated in 1971

  • Aids in the empowerment of Asian American communities to achieve social equality and obtain full use of their material civil rights

  • Programs include: Small Business Assistance, Housing Development and Rehabilitation and Social Programs and Research

  • Asian, Inc. Logo demonstrates

  • Its three major resources:

  • A highly trained technical staff

  • Extensive library

  • Computer technology


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Housing Division incorporated in 1971

  • Purpose is to develop and provide safe, decent and affordable housing for households making 50% - 80% of area median income

  • Programs include Affordable Housing Development, Single Family Rehabilitation Program, and a First Time Homebuyers Assistance Program

  • A successful example of an organization that has succeeded in improving the housing conditions of low-income ethnic communities

479 Natoma

Street

(above) and

450 Ellis St.San Francisco

(senior housing

to the right)


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Race and Housing: A Background incorporated in 1971

  • Segregation of communities of color and its links to the housing process

    • Redlining

    • Direct and Indirect Racial Discrimination

  • Studies have shown that immigrant status, education and income determine housing tenure choice

  • SF Housing Element regarding Low-Income Ethnic Communities

  • 32.6 % Asian in San Francisco*

  • 27.5 % Asian in Santa Clara County*

  • Asian homeownership has increased statewide, however has decreased in San Francisco

    *Source: Census 2000

Source: www.aamovement.net


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Problem Defined: incorporated in 1971

Task:To identify concentrations of low-income Asian households in San Francisco and San Jose and explore their unmet housing needs

How: By analyzing current housing and social conditions, we can infer unmet housing needs

Why:To assist Asian, Inc. in the development of future housing products and services that will aid these communities


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Research Methods incorporated in 1971

  • ArcView GIS: to providea geographic analysis using census 2000 variables

  • Informal Telephone Interviews: to access information from nonprofit and government agencies who work directly with these populations

  • Policy and Background Research: exam current city housing policies and relevant research regarding the housing needs of low-income ethnic communities


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Total Number of Asian Households by Tenure incorporated in 1971

Place of Birth by Asian Households

Number of Occupants per room by Asian Households

Median Gross Rent by Asian Households

Median Gross Rent as Percentage of Household Income by Asian Households

Breakdown of Asian Populations

Sex by Age – Asian Alone

Age by Ability to Speak English-Asian Alone

Plumbing Facilities

Year Housing was Built

Average Household Size by Asian Household

Family Type by Asian Household

Census 2000 Variables


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HUD 2003 – Income Limits incorporated in 1971

Source: HUD-DATA SETS- http://www.huduser.org/datasets/il/fmr03/



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  • Determined average Asian household size incorporated in 1971

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


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  • Determined average Asian household size incorporated in 1971

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


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  • Determined average Asian household size incorporated in 1971

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


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  • Determined average Asian household size incorporated in 1971

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


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GIS FINDINGS incorporated in 1971SAN JOSE


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Vietnamese & Filipino Population incorporated in 1971


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Renters incorporated in 1971


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Seniors incorporated in 1971


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Percent of Income incorporated in 1971Used For Rent


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Overcrowding incorporated in 1971


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GIS FINDINGS incorporated in 1971

SAN FRANCISCO



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Chinese & Filipino Population incorporated in 1971


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Renters incorporated in 1971


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Rent Burden incorporated in 1971


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Housing Conditions incorporated in 1971


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Seniors incorporated in 1971


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Social: incorporated in 1971

Chinese populations concentrated in north of Market

Filipino populations concentrated south of Market

31 – 65% seniors in Chinatown & South of Market

Over 50% Seniors in study area speak little or no English

Housing:

Poor conditions

old buildings

significant overcrowding

lack of adequate facilities

75 – 100% rental units

25 - 50% of income spent on rent

Conclusions- San Francisco


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Social: incorporated in 1971

Vietnamese communities are concentrated in SW

Filipino communities are concentrated in the East

Language Barrier for Seniors

80% speak little or no English

Housing:

Overcrowding

Exists everywhere, but most prevalent where 0-17 year olds live

Rent Burden

33% of the census tracts studied

Conclusions- San Jose


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San Jose – Study Area incorporated in 1971

Income in Relationship

to Affordable Housing

Source: www.nlihc.org

According to the National Low Income Housing Coalition, none of the San Jose household median Asian incomes are adequateto afford the Fair Market Rent of rentals in that area.


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Results – incorporated in 1971Informal Interviews

  • Need for Low-Income Housing Assistance provided by other agencies than the government

  • Housing affiliated with cultural identity

  • Language Assistance

  • Senior Care


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Recommendations incorporated in 1971

  • Overall Affordable Housing

  • Multifamily housing (SJ)

  • Language Assistance

  • Senior Housing affiliated with a cultural setting

  • Rehabilitation of substandard housing units (SF)

  • Rental Assistance for those households who are rent burdened


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Deliverables incorporated in 1971

  • Assessment of housing needs of low-income Asian households in study areas

  • Tables of pertinent census variables for San Francisco and San Jose

  • Step-by-step guide how to download variables from the census to use in ArcView

  • Results from informal telephone survey

  • ArcView maps


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References incorporated in 1971

  • “New Images Emerging for Bay Area Households,” Anne Martinez, The Mercury News, http://www.bayarea.com/mld/bayarea/news/2813656.html. 2002.

  • Sommerville, P, & Steele, A, “Race, Housing and Social Exclusion”. London. Metropolitan University, 2002.

  • “The State of the Nation’s Housing 2002,” The Joint Study for Housing Studies of Harvard University, http://www.jchs.harvard.edu/publications/markets/Son2002.pdf.2002.

  • Painter, G, Gabriel, S & Myers, D, “Race, Immigrant Status, and Housing Tenure Choice” School of Policy, Planning, and Development, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.2000.

  • Census 2000-U.S. Federal Government. 2000.

  • HUD 2003 Income Limits- Data Sets

  • Final Draft -Housing Element of the General Plan. The San Francisco Planning Department. February 2003.

  • Housing Element of the General Plan. The San Jose Planning Department. April 2003.


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Thank You!!! incorporated in 1971


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