Slide1 l.jpg
Advertisement
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 34

Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San Jose Client: Asian Inc. PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San Jose Client: Asian Inc. Researchers: Marites Alvarez, Lehua Asher, Jessica M. Look, Matt Neuebaumer A technical assistance and nonprofit research organization incorporated in 1971

Related searches for Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San Jose Client: Asian Inc.

Download Presentation

Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San Jose Client: Asian Inc.

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

Understanding the Unmet Housing Needs of Low Income Asian Households in San Francisco and San JoseClient: Asian Inc.

Researchers: Marites Alvarez,

Lehua Asher, Jessica M. Look,

Matt Neuebaumer


Slide2 l.jpg

  • A technical assistance and nonprofit research organization incorporated in 1971

  • Aids in the empowerment of Asian American communities to achieve social equality and obtain full use of their material civil rights

  • Programs include: Small Business Assistance, Housing Development and Rehabilitation and Social Programs and Research

  • Asian, Inc. Logo demonstrates

  • Its three major resources:

  • A highly trained technical staff

  • Extensive library

  • Computer technology


Housing division l.jpg

Housing Division

  • Purpose is to develop and provide safe, decent and affordable housing for households making 50% - 80% of area median income

  • Programs include Affordable Housing Development, Single Family Rehabilitation Program, and a First Time Homebuyers Assistance Program

  • A successful example of an organization that has succeeded in improving the housing conditions of low-income ethnic communities

479 Natoma

Street

(above) and

450 Ellis St.San Francisco

(senior housing

to the right)


Race and housing a background l.jpg

Race and Housing: A Background

  • Segregation of communities of color and its links to the housing process

    • Redlining

    • Direct and Indirect Racial Discrimination

  • Studies have shown that immigrant status, education and income determine housing tenure choice

  • SF Housing Element regarding Low-Income Ethnic Communities

  • 32.6 % Asian in San Francisco*

  • 27.5 % Asian in Santa Clara County*

  • Asian homeownership has increased statewide, however has decreased in San Francisco

    *Source: Census 2000

Source: www.aamovement.net


Problem defined l.jpg

Problem Defined:

Task:To identify concentrations of low-income Asian households in San Francisco and San Jose and explore their unmet housing needs

How: By analyzing current housing and social conditions, we can infer unmet housing needs

Why:To assist Asian, Inc. in the development of future housing products and services that will aid these communities


Research methods l.jpg

Research Methods

  • ArcView GIS: to providea geographic analysis using census 2000 variables

  • Informal Telephone Interviews: to access information from nonprofit and government agencies who work directly with these populations

  • Policy and Background Research: exam current city housing policies and relevant research regarding the housing needs of low-income ethnic communities


Census 2000 variables l.jpg

Total Number of Asian Households by Tenure

Place of Birth by Asian Households

Number of Occupants per room by Asian Households

Median Gross Rent by Asian Households

Median Gross Rent as Percentage of Household Income by Asian Households

Breakdown of Asian Populations

Sex by Age – Asian Alone

Age by Ability to Speak English-Asian Alone

Plumbing Facilities

Year Housing was Built

Average Household Size by Asian Household

Family Type by Asian Household

Census 2000 Variables


Hud 2003 income limits l.jpg

HUD 2003 – Income Limits

Source: HUD-DATA SETS- http://www.huduser.org/datasets/il/fmr03/


How did we choose the study areas l.jpg

How did we choose the study areas?


Slide10 l.jpg

  • Determined average Asian household size

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


Slide11 l.jpg

  • Determined average Asian household size

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


Slide12 l.jpg

  • Determined average Asian household size

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


Slide13 l.jpg

  • Determined average Asian household size

  • Looked at concentration of Asian households

  • Used HUD numbers to determine low-income households

  • Selected study area based on concentration of 20% or more Asian within income range


Gis findings san jose l.jpg

GIS FINDINGSSAN JOSE


Vietnamese filipino population l.jpg

Vietnamese & Filipino Population


Renters l.jpg

Renters


Seniors l.jpg

Seniors


Percent of income used for rent l.jpg

Percent of Income Used For Rent


Overcrowding l.jpg

Overcrowding


Gis findings l.jpg

GIS FINDINGS

SAN FRANCISCO


Slide21 l.jpg

Asian Population and Median Income


Chinese filipino population l.jpg

Chinese & Filipino Population


Renters23 l.jpg

Renters


Rent burden l.jpg

Rent Burden


Housing conditions l.jpg

Housing Conditions


Seniors26 l.jpg

Seniors


Conclusions san francisco l.jpg

Social:

Chinese populations concentrated in north of Market

Filipino populations concentrated south of Market

31 – 65% seniors in Chinatown & South of Market

Over 50% Seniors in study area speak little or no English

Housing:

Poor conditions

old buildings

significant overcrowding

lack of adequate facilities

75 – 100% rental units

25 - 50% of income spent on rent

Conclusions- San Francisco


Conclusions san jose l.jpg

Social:

Vietnamese communities are concentrated in SW

Filipino communities are concentrated in the East

Language Barrier for Seniors

80% speak little or no English

Housing:

Overcrowding

Exists everywhere, but most prevalent where 0-17 year olds live

Rent Burden

33% of the census tracts studied

Conclusions- San Jose


Slide29 l.jpg

San Jose – Study Area

Income in Relationship

to Affordable Housing

Source: www.nlihc.org

According to the National Low Income Housing Coalition, none of the San Jose household median Asian incomes are adequateto afford the Fair Market Rent of rentals in that area.


Results informal interviews l.jpg

Results – Informal Interviews

  • Need for Low-Income Housing Assistance provided by other agencies than the government

  • Housing affiliated with cultural identity

  • Language Assistance

  • Senior Care


Recommendations l.jpg

Recommendations

  • Overall Affordable Housing

  • Multifamily housing (SJ)

  • Language Assistance

  • Senior Housing affiliated with a cultural setting

  • Rehabilitation of substandard housing units (SF)

  • Rental Assistance for those households who are rent burdened


Deliverables l.jpg

Deliverables

  • Assessment of housing needs of low-income Asian households in study areas

  • Tables of pertinent census variables for San Francisco and San Jose

  • Step-by-step guide how to download variables from the census to use in ArcView

  • Results from informal telephone survey

  • ArcView maps


References l.jpg

References

  • “New Images Emerging for Bay Area Households,” Anne Martinez, The Mercury News, http://www.bayarea.com/mld/bayarea/news/2813656.html. 2002.

  • Sommerville, P, & Steele, A, “Race, Housing and Social Exclusion”. London. Metropolitan University, 2002.

  • “The State of the Nation’s Housing 2002,” The Joint Study for Housing Studies of Harvard University, http://www.jchs.harvard.edu/publications/markets/Son2002.pdf.2002.

  • Painter, G, Gabriel, S & Myers, D, “Race, Immigrant Status, and Housing Tenure Choice” School of Policy, Planning, and Development, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.2000.

  • Census 2000-U.S. Federal Government. 2000.

  • HUD 2003 Income Limits- Data Sets

  • Final Draft -Housing Element of the General Plan. The San Francisco Planning Department. February 2003.

  • Housing Element of the General Plan. The San Jose Planning Department. April 2003.


Slide34 l.jpg

Thank You!!!


  • Login