the distance related heavy vehicle fee hvf in switzerland
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The Distance-related Heavy Vehicle Fee (HVF) in Switzerland

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The Distance-related Heavy Vehicle Fee (HVF) in Switzerland Matthias H. Rapp March 5 2004 UK LRUC all roads (planned) HGV Toll on Motorways Start 1.1.2005 HVF area charging since 1.1.2001 HV Toll on Motorways since 1.1.2004 Motorway Tolls for LV and HV since beginning

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

UK LRUCall roads

(planned)

HGV Toll

on Motorways

Start 1.1.2005

HVF

area chargingsince 1.1.2001

HV Toll

on Motorways

since 1.1.2004

Motorway Tolls for LV and HV since beginning

Heavy Vehicles Tolling in Europe

increasing hgv traffic volumes lead to chronic congestion on the north south routes

4000

Growth without LSVA

3000

Million of kilometres

2000

40 t limit

28 t weight limit

34 t limit

1000

1993

1997

2001

2005

2009

2013

Increasing HGV traffic volumes lead to chronic congestion on the North-South routes
swiss hvf is embedded in national transportation policy
Swiss HVF is embedded in national transportation policy
  • Internalisation of external costs of freight transport
  • Financing the new railway tunnels
  • Keep rail goods transport competitive
    • Limit the expected traffic increasewhen the national truck weight limit rises from 28t to 40t
fee parameters

Fee

Distance

travelled on

Swiss roads

Highest

authorised

weight

Tariff

depending on

emission values

=

x

x

Fee Parameters

All trucks > 3.5 t subject to fee

Driving more means paying more

Empty vehicle costs same as loaded vehicle

Trailer is taken into account separately

Replaces the previous flat Heavy Vehicle Fee

Standard 34t truck: 0.47 $ / km

swiss hvf system size

100 equippedborder stations

12’000 entries

per day

55’000 domestic

vehicles

12’000 exits per day

Swiss HVF System Size
hvf recording tools
HVF Recording Tools

Domestic

vehicles

Foreignvehicles

Mandatory equipped with:

Voluntarily equipped with:

On Board Unit

On Board Unit

In approved exceptional cases:

In principle using:

TAG

ID-Card & Self-service Machine

Log-Book & Tag

swiss hvf on board unit

DSRC and GPS

antennas

Tachograph

ChipcardReader

Keyboard

3

Display

05 7 2 8

4

Swiss HVF On-board Unit
55 000 vehicles equipped with swiss obu
55 000 Vehicles equipped with Swiss OBU

Display and covered Keyboard

Outside Compliance Indicator Lights

slide10

Border Crossings Recorded with DSRC

Dedicated

Short

Range

Communication

  • 5.8 GHz DSRC technologyaccording to CEN Standards
  • Swiss vehicles: Switch from “km counting on” to “km counting off”
  • Foreign vehicles:Read out of accumulated logfile data
billing procedure

RecordedTrip Data

Mail

Vehicle Owner

DeclarationChipcard

CentralSystem

On-board unit

Modem/Internet

Billing Procedure
  • Monthly read-out of the trip data
  • Declare (=send) the data to the billing centre
  • The billing centre invoices the owner
procedure for foreign vehicles without obu
Procedure for Foreign Vehicles without OBU

FIRST ENTRY INTO SWITZERLAND:

- registration of vehicle data

- ID-Card is issued

ON ENTRY

Self-service machine:

- identification with ID-Card

- declaration of kilometre reading and trailer status

- choice of payment means

- receipt with declaration

ON EXIT (without leaving vehicle)

- declaration of kilometre reading

- signature

- random check of declaration

24‘798

J. Doe

hvf enforcement gantry
HVF Enforcement Gantry

Vehicle classification

DSRC Communication

Automatic Number Plate reading

etc system costs
ETC System Costs
  • On Board Unit

Procurement cost 900 $ / unit(OBU issued at no cost to HGV owners)

Installation approx. 250 $ / unit

  • Investments of Swiss Government

Road side equipment and background system 120 M $

Cost of OBUs 70 M $

Operating costs per year 18 M $

  • Personnel requirements 120 staff
  • Total collection costs 5 - 7 % of revenue
impacts of swiss hvf
Impacts of Swiss HVF
  • Fleet Adaptation
    • Replacement of high-emission trucks
    • More specialised vehicles (e.g. lighter trucks for light goods)
  • More efficient haulage industry
    • Mergers / co-operation in transport industry
    • Freight and Fleet Management
  • HGV traffic growth: Trend reversed
    • Little change in routes; no detour traffic
    • Some indication for modal shift (combined transport)
  • No effect on consumer prices
    • HVF used to justify transport price increase
    • Little influence on consumer prices
trend of hgv traffic growth is reversed
Trend of HGV Traffic Growth is reversed

Growth rate of heavy vehicles traffic

125%

120%

with HVF

115%

without HVF

changes in % (19997 = 100)

115%

105%

100%

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Motorways

Other roads

swiss hvf is a success story
Swiss HVF is a success story
  • A completely new type of fee collection system
  • Major progress towards fair and efficient road charging
  • Low investment and operational costs
  • HVF has been working from the very beginning
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