The civil war
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The Civil War. Battle - Events - People SQR-3 Reading Notes. Extensive Legislation Passed Without the South in Congress. 1861 – Morrill Tariff Act 1862 – Homestead Act 1862 – Legal Tender Act 1862 – Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 – Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863)

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The Civil War

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The civil war

The Civil War

Battle - Events - People

SQR-3 Reading Notes


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Extensive Legislation PassedWithout the South in Congress

1861 – Morrill Tariff Act

1862 – Homestead Act

1862 – Legal Tender Act

1862 – Morrill Land Grant Act

1862 – Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863)

1863 – Pacific Railway Act

1863 – National Bank Act


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  • July 3 “The Deciding Day” - Conf. Attacks center of Union lines - Cemetery Ridge (Pickett’s Charge)

  • "It is all my fault. This has been my fight, and upon my shoulders rests the blame“ Robert E. Lee

  • UNION - 85,000 23,000 casualties

  • CONF - 75,000 28,000 casualties


Siege of vicksburg western campaign

Siege of VICKSBURG(Western Campaign)


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  • Vicksburg (Western Campaign)

  • Grant attacks ( 6 months )

  • Siege of Vicksburg (2,800 shells-day) - July 4, 1863 Vicksburg SURRENDER - Mississippi under UNION control

  • Importance of 1863

  • -North “we can win this war” -South “think about peace / or losing


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  • Gettysburg Address (Nov.19, 1863)

    • Cemetery dedication at Gettysburg

    • 2 minute speech (Lincoln)

  • New definition of of the United States

    • (1st) Declaration of Independence

      • 3 Democratic Principles

        1.God gave rights 2.Gov’t protect rights 3.Rebel

    • (2)Freedom for ALL, not just a few)


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GRANT Puts Pressure in the

EASTERN CAMPAIGN


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Western Army turns SOUTH


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Western Army turns SOUTH

  • Sept - “Chickamauga” Confederate

  • Nov. - “Chattanooga” Union

    • Capture of Look Out Mountain

  • March 1864 - Ulysses S. Grant named “Supreme Commander of Union” (Sherman- Union Army in Tenn)

  • “Down I-75 Path”

    • Battle of Kennesaw Mountain


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1864 Election

Pres. Lincoln (R)

George McClellan (D)


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Western Army turns SOUTH

  • March to the Sea (Psychological War) 1st Time Civilians “purposely” attacked by organized army (60 mile path destruction)

    • Sherman's March / History Channel

  • 1864 Grant “wears down Lee” one battle after another in the East

  • Sept 1864 Atlanta BURNED

  • Fall ‘64- Lincoln re-elected President

  • “March to Coast” (Savannah, SC, NC)

  • War

  • Atrocities


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Sherman's

March to

the Sea!


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The Final Virginia Campaign:1864-1865


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  • Cold Harbor (8 miles from Richmond) -7,000 Union casualties in 1 hour

  • Siege of Petersburg -cut-off food & supplies to Richmond -attack fails


North takes charge

North Takes Charge

  • Grant Takes Command (EAST) -William Tecumseh Sherman (West)

  • GRANT 120,000 Troops LEE 65,000 Troops

  • Battle of WildernessMay 5, 1864 -dense forest (Caught FIRE) -Confed. Victory BUT Grant Advances

  • Spotsylvania(2 weeks)

    bodies piled 4 high


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Surrender at AppomattoxSherman continued his burning through North Carolina with hopes of reaching Virginia.  But, General Lee attempted to halt the Union Army and break through Grant's lines in Petersburg, VA.  The Union seized Petersburg on April 2, 1865 and then Richmond on the next day.  Union forces cut Lee off from leading his remaining army to North Carolina. 

  • On April 9, 1865, General Lee surrendered to Grant waving the white flag atop a hill overlooking the Appomattox River in Virginia. 

  • General Grant later accepted General Lee's surrender in the Appomattox Court House.


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  • April 2, 1865 - Richmond Falls

  • April 7, Lee sends message to Grant

  • April 9, 1865Lee Surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse

  • April 14,1865 - Fords Theatre Abraham LincolnassassinatedJohn Wilkes Booth Copperhead Conspiracy


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Ford’s Theater (April 14, 1865)


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The Assassin

John Wilkes Booth


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The Assassination


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WANTED~~!!


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Now He Belongs to the Ages!


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The Execution


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Civil War Casualtiesin Comparison to Other Wars


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