Sx1009 rights in the digital society
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SX1009 Rights in the Digital Society Wendy Moncur Dept. of Computing Science Rights in the Digital Society Freedom of expression and privacy: civil rights in a digital society Ownership in a digital world Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism and cyber-bullying

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SX1009 Rights in the Digital Society

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SX1009 Rights in the Digital Society

Wendy Moncur

Dept. of Computing Science


Rights in the Digital Society

  • Freedom of expression and privacy: civil rights in a digital society

  • Ownership in a digital world

  • Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism and cyber-bullying

  • Information credibility and authority in a Web2.0 world

  • Details of assessment


The extent of the Digital Society

  • Recording everything, forgetting nothing

  • Where?

    • Internet

    • Mobile phones

    • Cameras

    • Smart appliances

    • Buildings

    • Furniture

    • Vehicles

    • clothing

    • .......


The extent of the Digital Society

“By year end 2012, physical sensors will create 20% of non-video internet traffic.”

Gartner Group

www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=876512


Civil rights: Freedom of expression

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/5020788.stm


Civil rights: Freedom of expression


Civil rights: Privacy

  • Who stores our data?

  • Where?

  • Who can access it?

  • What does this data say about us?


Civil rights: Privacy

  • MPs expenses scandal triggered by info on FaceBook


Ownership in a digital world

  • Who ‘owns’ this photo?

  • Who can delete it?

  • What is your impression of these people?

  • Would you employ them?


Ownership in a digital world


Cyber-crime

“...the use of any computer network for crime” British Police

  • financial scams

  • computer hacking

  • downloading pornographic images from the internet

  • virus attacks

  • stalking by e-mail

  • creating websites that promote racial hatred

  • ..... and more.....


Cyber-crime: a big problem

  • 90% of US companies detected computer security breaches in the previous year

  • 74% acknowledged financial losses as a result of the breaches of security

  • 273 organisations quantified their financial losses: the total bill came to $265m.

  • 25% of respondents detected penetration from outside their company

  • 79% detected employee abuse of the internet, for example downloading pornography or pirated software

  • 85% detected computer viruses

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk/2001/life_of_crime/cybercrime.stm


Cyber-terrorism

“Terrorist groups are increasingly using new information technology and the Internet to formulate plans, raise funds, spread propaganda, and engage in secure communications.

Cyberterrorism-–meaning the use of cyber tools to shut down critical national infrastructures (such as energy, transportation, or government operations) for the purpose of coercing or intimidating a government or civilian population–-is clearly an emerging threat.”

Dale L. Watson, Executive Assistant Director, Counterterrorism/Counterintelligence Division, FBI

http://www2.fbi.gov/congress/congress02/watson020602.htm


Cyber-bullying

  • What constitutes cyber-bullying?


Information credibility

  • Data is not perfect

  • Whose fault was this accident?


Information credibility

http://www.sexoffendertrackerapp.com/

Publicly available app.

  • Sense of safety, or greater fear?

  • Is the information correct?

  • Does this app incite illegal vigilante activity?

“Sex Offender Tracker App is a new mobile app that provides users with access to the location of registered sex offenders through the lens of augmented reality.”

http://www.sexoffendertrackerapp.com/


A Balancing Act

Information credibility and authority in a Web2.0 world

Ownership of online materials

Right to Privacy

Freedom of expression

Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism

Cyber-bullying


Assessment (1)

In the practical, you will be randomly assigned to a group, and to one of the following topics:

  • Google StreetView (and similar applications)

  • Sensors to monitor elderly people in their homes

  • Activist websites – eg- environmental, political. Choose at least one specific example.

  • UK use of CCTV

  • Wikileaks Iraq War logs


Assessment (2)

  • You will take part in an online debate about your allocated topic.

  • You will either put forward arguments about the advantages or disadvantages of the debate topic, depending on your group.


Assessment (3): What to debate?

  • Arguments should cover relevant aspects of:

    • Civil rights in a  digital society

    • Ownership in a digital society

    • Cyber-crime/ cyber-terrorism/ cyber-bullying

    • Information credibility and authority in a Web 2.0 world


Some rules....

  • You should only argue your allocated side of the argument, even if you do not really agree with it.

  • You are expected to use grammatically correct English. No text-speak please.

  • Your arguments should be well thought through, and based in the research that you do on your topic.

  • Your arguments should only be about the topic. They should be courteous, even if you disagree strongly with someone else's opinion.

  • You will be marked both on your individual contribution to the debate, and on your support of other students who are taking the same stance as you (ie - positive or negative). Marks will be given for the number and content of your arguments.


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