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Social Class in the United States. Social Class – involves the ranking of people based on two factors income and wealth. Income and Wealth = Social Class Status. Income Wages or salary from work and earnings from investments. Wealth

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Social class in the united states

Social Class in the United States

Social Class – involves the ranking of people based on two factors

income and wealth.


Income and wealth social class status

Income and Wealth = Social Class Status

Income

Wages or salary from work and earnings from investments.

Wealth

The total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts.


Poverty in the united states what is poverty

Poverty in the United StatesWhat is poverty?

Poverty – the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money, descent housing, clothing and other material possessions to ensure a quality of life. Poverty stricken – very poor (destitute)





PovertyUneven distribution causes poverty. Two types of poverty: Types of PovertyRelativeThe deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more. Absolute:The deprivation of resources that is life threatening. Poverty line (2000) $17,603 but income level was $10,783.(1998) $16,660 but income level was $10,040.(2000) 31.1 million people living in poverty (11.3%).(2004) 40 million people living in poverty (12.9%).


Medium income for a family 0f four:199419962000 2004 $38,808 $42,300 $50,891 55,327In 2004, the highest 5% of US families earned at least $170,00 with a mean of $300,000.In 2000, the highest 5% of US families earned at least $160,250 with a mean of $272,354.2003 At the very top of the pyramid, the riches half of 1% (0.5%) earned at least $1.5 million.1998 At the very top it was $1.3 million.1996 At the very top it was $1.2 million.1994 At the very top it was $1 million.


PowerWealth is an important source of power – wealth families shape the agenda of America.Race and ethnicity related to social ranking. White Americans have overall higher occupational standing than African Americans(2000) median income $34,204 compared to $53,256 for White families.(1998) median income $30,636 compared to $49,781 for with families.(1996) median income $26,522 compared to $44,756 for White families.


70% White Americans own their homes.46% African Americans own their homes.People of English ancestry have enjoyed the most wealth and greatest power in America. People of Hispanic ethnicity have been disadvantaged.2000 median income $35,050.


WealthWealth is more unevenly distributed than income. 2003 The 20% of the richest US families had about 84% of all the wealth.1998 The 20% of the richest US families had about 80%.2000 Of the wealthiest 5% of US families, the rich had about 60%1998 50% 2000 Of the super rich, 1% of the families owned about 40% of the nations privately held resources.1998 30%


Poor people break down
Poor people break down

2/3 of all poor people are white25% are black

22.1% (7.7 million) African Americans lived in poverty. 21.2% (7.5 million) Hispanic Americans lived in poverty. 10.8% (1.1 million) Asian & Pacific Islanders lived in poverty. 7.5% (13.2 million) White Americans lived in poverty.


Occupation

Education attainment

Race

Ethnic background

Life style

Variables connected to income and wealth

Class Structure in the United States vs. Social economic status based (created) on your income and wealth. People are placed in a hierarchy structure with:


Income
Income

2005- richest 20% receive 48.1% of the income

2003 -richest 20% receive 47.6% of the income

2005- earned at least

2000– earned at least 91,701 annually with a mean of $155,531.2004 – Earned at least $98,00 annually with a mean of $165,000. 2005 - poorest 4.0%

2000 – poorest 4.3% 2003 – poorest 4.1%2003 – Earned less that $24,000 with a mean of $14,000.


Upper class
Upper Class

  • Citizens with a great amount of power who play a large role in running institutions in the United States.

  • Consist of approximately 5% of the population.

  • Their money gives them political and social power.

  • Attend prestige colleges and universities.

  • Wives usually participate in volunteer agencies.


Two groups of upper class citizens
Two groups of upper class citizens

  • Upper - upper

  • Position is based on “old money” in heritance money passed down from generations to generations.

  • Believed to have the proper cultivation and sophistication to be fully accepted into the highest circles as opposed to the new rich.

    Some familiar names: Rockefellers, Vanderbilt, DuPonts.

    Low Upper (new rich)

    such as Bill Gates, Bill Cosby, Oprah Winfrey.

  • Fortunes come from money-making endeavors, computers, telecommunications, sport, investment and entertainment.

  • Not invited to be member of old social clubs.


  • Middle class
    Middle Class

    • 40 % -- 45% of the population

    • The largest and most diverse

    • Encompasses far more racial and ethnic diversity than the upper class.

      Two groups

      Upper- middle Middle- middle

      Upper – middle

    • Consist of business, professional and managerial people who have relatively high incomes and a limited amount of wealth accumulated (in the form of a home and savings).


    Upper middle
    Upper – Middle

    • College education, which is supplemented by graduate training.

    • Some are self-employed without a college degree, successful through business opportunities and ventures.

    • Some gain entrance into this class level thru prestige of the job rather than income, i.e. college professors.

    • Accountants, lawyers, engineers


    Middle middle average
    Middle-middle (Average)

    • Modest income and comfortable life styles. They must work hard to maintain their standard of living.

    • Teachers, insurance agents, police officers, lower level managers


    Working class 33 of the population
    Working Class33% of the population

    • Consists of skilled and unskilled blue-collar citizens working manual labor.

    • Factory workers, construction workers, repair people, job as less prestige than the middle-middle class.

    • Respectable and hard working – the solid core of our society.

    • Vulnerable to financial problems brought on by illness or unemployment.

    • Lack the money to send their children to college.


    Lower class 20 of the population
    Lower Class20% of the population

    • 20% of the population

    • Lack work and stable income; might work day jobs, migrant farm workers.

    • Welfare and public assistance programs as needed.


    Wealth power influence control

    White – Collar

    Occupations

    Physician

    Lawyer

    College professor

    Chemist

    Dentist

    Computer Programmer

    Actor

    Realtor

    Blue – Collar

    Occupations

    Mail carrier

    Secretary

    Farmer

    Truck driver

    Bartender

    Janitor

    Welder

    Carpenter

    Wealth = Power = Influence = Control


    Poverty in the united states

    Poverty in the United States

    Poverty line is $19, 971 (2005)

    Number of poor 37M (12.7%)

    In 1996 36.5 million people (13.7%) ere classified as poor.

    2/3 of all poor people are White, (27%) are Black.

    Blacks are three times as likely to be poor.

    In 1996 28.4% of African Americans lived in poverty 9.7 million.


    Overall, White Americans have higher occupational standing than African Americans.

    1996 African Americans White Americans

    Median income $26,522 $44,756

    77% of White’s own their own homes.

    49% of African Americans own their own homes.


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