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UNDERSTANDING THE ART OF SHADING

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UNDERSTANDING THE ART OF SHADING. SHADING. shows changes from light to dark or dark to light in a picture

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

UNDERSTANDING

THE ART

OF SHADING

slide2

SHADING

shows changes from light to

dark or dark to light in a picture

by darkening areas that would be shadowed and leaving other areas light. Blending of one value into another is sometimes called feathering. Shading is often used to produce illusions of dimension and depth.

slide3

VALUE STEPS

# 1 The darkest tone is as near to BLACK as you

can get, this is your darkest shade. Don\'t try to

achieve this tone in one application, build it

up in layers.

#2DARK GRAY, this represents the shadowed

side of an object as it recedes

from the light. On the ball, the

light is coming from the upper

front. The shadow is seen

around the lower side.

# 3MEDIUM GRAY, This is called a halftone, because it is seen halfway between the light area and the dark area. The mid gray, the tone that represents the actual color of the object without the effects of either direct light or shadow.

#4LIGHT GRAY, This is the hardest element to see, but it is probably the most important one to have in your art work. This is reflected light. It is light that bounces up onto the ball from the table. It separates shadow from cast shadows.

#5WHITE, This is the lightest part of an object where the

full light falls directly on to it. It is where the light is the strongest and is called the highlight.

#5

#4

#3

#2

#1

#1

Black

#2

Dark gray

#3

Medium gray

#4

Light gray

#5

White

(highlight)

slide4
Shading

is really hard

for a lot of

Students!

So…..

slide6

TRY SHADING THIS GRAY SCALE

  • The pencil must be applied SMOOTHLY to begin with if you want it to look smooth in the end.
  • So we can\'t be scribbling. 
  • Pencil strokes are applied very closely to each other, so that it becomes hard to tell one stroke from another.
  • For most people it\'s quite easy to apply a lot of pressure, but what comes much harder is a lighter touch.
  • Under shading is unspeakably better than over shading. 
  • If you do draw too hard and try to mop it up with an

eraser later on, you\'re prone to disaster. 

  • Ease up already. 
  • Don’t try to achieve this value in one application.

Build it up with soft layers.

the drawing projects
THE DRAWING PROJECTS

Cone, Sphere, Cylinder, Cube

slide8

CONE

STEP 1

Add a light source

STEP 2

Trace shape

VERY LIGHTLY

STEP 3

Now lightly fill the shape using a sharp color pencil.

STEP 4

This will be the

first of a many

layers which

will build up to the

required value.

SPHERE

STEP 5

Start with the lines closer together and

gradually increase the distance between them, slowly

reducing the amount of pressure on the pencil.

STEP 6

Don’t try to achieve this value in one application. Build it up with soft layers.

CYLINDER

STEP 7

Creating three dimensional shadows is all about being subtle; gradually blending light and dark

STEP 8

Pressure and layering is what determines what shade your pencil will draw.That slow change in shade is what you need to create our shape.

CUBE

STEP 9

Your pencil is extremely sensitive to your touch.

STEP 10

When you learn to control that pressure and layering, Your shading quality will do new and interesting things.

project objectives
PROJECT & OBJECTIVES
  • Students will:
  • Practice shading on the Basic Shapes worksheets.
  • Utilize the five step value scale to shade each shape correctly.
  • Draw four basic shapes: cone, sphere, cylinder, and cube.
  • Gradually shade each shape in the direction of light source.
  • Use value to change each shape into the form.
  • Blend shapes evenly and smoothly.
  • Practice… practice… practice.
slide10

CONE

http://www.expertvillage.com/videos/basic-artistic-drawing-cones.htm

SPHERE

http://www.expertvillage.com/videos/basic-artistic-drawing-shading-circles-a.htm

http://www.expertvillage.com/videos/basic-artistic-drawing-shading-circles-b.htm

CYLINDER

http://www.expertvillage.com/videos/basic-artistic-drawing-shading-cylinders.htm

shading shapes credits
SHADING SHAPES CREDITS

Drawing Pencil Portraits by Lee Hammond

http://homepages.tesco.net/p.wilkinson/BlendShade.htm

ArtsWork

http://artswork.asu.edu/arts/students/line/line4.htm

Drawing Tutorials by Rebekah Lynn

http://www.rebekahlynn.com/free/tutorial/shading_tutorial.html

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