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Rebirth of Western Civilization is known as the Renaissance Started in Italy and spread throughout Europe PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Lecture 21 Renaissance Horticulture Rebirth of Western Civilization is known as the Renaissance Started in Italy and spread throughout Europe A result of new ways of thinking, philosophy, art, and commerce Brought about a fundamental change between the state and the church

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Lecture 21Renaissance Horticulture

Rebirth of Western Civilization is known as the Renaissance

Started in Italy and spread throughout Europe

A result of new ways of thinking, philosophy, art, and commerce

Brought about a fundamental change between the state and the church


La Primavera. 1477-78 by Sandro Botticelli (1445- 1510)


Ornithogalum umbellatumstar-of-BethlehembyLeonardo de Vinci(1452-1519)


Dyers greenwood (Genista tinctorea)and oak (Quercus robur).Leonardo de Vinci


Theoretical basis of ramification.Leonardo de Vinci


David by Michelangelo(1475-1564)


Creation of Man by Michelangelo


Fruit seller 1580 by Vincenzo Compi (1536 - 1591)


Horticultural Technology

Can be followed through books with the development of printing

“How-to-do-it” books on gardens, horticulture, and agriculture.

Increase in interest in cultivars

Grafting and pruning

Cooking and cuisine

By the renaissance, technology had surpassed that of the Romans.

Rise of nobility and wealth led to interest in gardens for pleasure and prestige.

Eventually landscape and garden architecture became as important as architecture.


This painting from an illuminated manuscript of about 1400 depicts a very sturdy, businesslike window box.

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978


Gardens of Villandry.

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966


Maze

Source: Crisp CXLVII


Bathing tub, 1481.

15th century Italian fountain of youth.

Source: Crisp CCXVI

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966


Renaissance Gardens

Noble lady bathing in outdoor tub, 16th century tapestry.

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966


Wooden fences of simple lattice patterns enclose the simplest checkerboard beds in these medieval paintings.In the center, the fence has wider uprights and top members and supports carved animals beside the opening.In the arbor below, the horizontal and upright members are fixed together with twisted osiers.

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978


A large plant of single red carnation, grown in a basket and pushed on a wheelbarrow, forms a humorous marginal aside in this Flemish Book of Hours of c 1500. The heavy work is left to the gardener’s wife.

Mediaeval Gardens. Harvey, 1981


Renaissance Gardens

Arbors

Tree Planting 1470.

First spading of the season 1495.

Source: Crisp CCLVII

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966


Garden with lovers, spring 1499.

Source: Crisp CCXV


Marbled pillared pergola 1499.

Arba decameronend of 15th century.

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

Source: Crisp CLI


The gardener’s labyrinth 1577.

Source: B. Henrey.


Distillery garden 1521.

Source: Crisp XL


Raised Beds

15th century miniature with raised beds.

The gardeners labyrinth 1577.

Source: Crisp

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966


1588 raised hedge around fountain, grafting.

Source: Crisp XXXV


De Brig’s Garden 1612,Raised beds and formal arrangement.

Source: Hyams.


Gardening 1615.

Source: Crisp.


Grafting

1625 Grafting

Approach Grafting

Source: Crisp XIX

Source: Wright


Training

1574Tying and harvesting hops.

Source: B. Henrey


Gardening

European Herb garden

1611 Note cages.

Source: Crisp 203


Italian Gardens

Viscaya Italianate Garden, Miami, Florida.


Viscaya, Miami, Florida.


Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas.


Le Notre’s Masterpiece, Vaux-le-Vicomte.

Source: Hyams.


The North Parterre, Versailles.


The South Parterre, Versailles.


The Orangery, Versailles.


A modern French restoration of a knot bed with box outlines, which interestingly combines some patterned planting with outer sections filled with colored or white stones.

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978


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