realm of the red ape a new approach to orang utan husbandry
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Realm of the Red Ape A New Approach to Orang-utan Husbandry Jason Boyer, Chester Zoo, UK Introduction Orang-utans have been kept at Chester zoo for over 40 years Successfully bred 22 individuals Chester Orang-utans of both species play a major role in the European breeding programme

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introduction
Introduction
  • Orang-utans have been kept at Chester zoo for over 40 years
  • Successfully bred 22 individuals
  • Chester Orang-utans of both species play a major role in the European breeding programme
  • Curatorial staff at Chester Zoo sit on the Orang-utan species committee
  • Currently keep 6 Sumatran and 4 Bornean
old house4
Old house
  • Inside area
  • Keeper area
  • Keeper passage and beds 4.5m x 32m 144m²
  • Store areas 3(3m x 5m) 45m²

_____________________________________________________________________________

  • Total 189m²
  • Animal enclosures
  • Yard 1 9m x 13m 117m ²
  • Yard 213m x 13m169m ²
  • Yard 3 9m x 13m 117m ²

___________________________________________________________________________

  • Total 403m²
  • Outside
  • Island 1 12m x 23m 276m²
  • Island 2 16.5m x 24m 396m²

___________________________________________________________________________

  • Total 1254m²
  • Overall 2758m²
old house indoor show areas cons
Old HouseIndoor Show Areas Cons
  • Limited useable space
  • Lack of stimulus
  • Deep moats
  • No keeper viewing or access
  • Day time access only
  • No viewing between areas for the orang-utans
old house outdoor show areas cons
Old HouseOutdoor Show areas Cons
  • Deep moats
  • Not escape proof
  • Visitor feeding
  • Low level viewing only
old house off show areas
Old HouseOff Show Areas
  • Small
  • Where most time was spent
  • Not stimulating
old house pros
Old House Pros
  • Areas of high level viewing
  • Good floor space
  • Circuit for mixing new orang-utans
planning the new house
Good features of old house

High level viewing

Circuit for mixing orang-utans

Floor space

Holding area

Bad features

Moats inside/out

No 3-D space

Not stimulating

Day time access only

No keeper viewing

Not orang-utan proof!

No viewing between yards for orang-utans

Husbandry restrictions

Planning the new house:
new realm of the red ape r o r a
New Realm Of The Red Ape(R.O.R.A.)
  • Immersion experience for visitors
  • - High level viewing
  • - Planted passageways
  • - Support species exhibits
  • Description of enclosures
    • 3 indoor enclosures at 10m high
    • 2 outdoor netted to maximum 16m high
    • Outdoor open poles from 18m to 10m
dimensions of r o r a
Dimensions of R.O.R.A.
  • Inside area
  • Ground floor
  • Keeper area
  • 2 Keeper passage @ 5m x 30m 300m²
  • Access to external yards @ 3m x 30m + 3m x 30m 150m²
  • Kitchen/toilets @ 5m x 20m 100m²
  • Store room/work area @ 5m x 10m 50m²
  • ___________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Total
  • 600m²
  • Animal enclosures
  • 3 internal enclosures @10m x15m 450m²
  • 3 internal ‘trap’ areas @10m² 30m²
  • ___________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Total
  • 480m²
  • Outside
  • Outdoor 1 1439m²
  • Outdoor 2 and 3 @ 17m x 12m 204m²
  • Outdoor 4 1454m²
  • ___________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Total 3301 m²
  • Overall 4381m²
realm of the red ape r o r a
Realm Of The Red Ape(R.O.R.A.)

Important features

of

Realm

Of the Red Ape:

3 d useable space
3-D Useable Space
  • - Mesh roof (indoors and outside) and some walls
  • - 5km of webbing for climbing
  • - Artificial trees and poles
general improved welfare
General Improved Welfare
  • Increased fitness
  • Enrichment opportunities
  • 24 hr freedom of movement throughout enclosure
husbandry flexibility management
Husbandry Flexibility/Management
  • Improved keeper access/ viewing
  • ‘Circuit’ open design for movement of animals
natural stimulating environment
Natural, stimulating environment
  • More natural planting
  • Constant access to outdoor areas
  • Opportunities to display social or solitary behaviour
escape proof
Escape Proof
  • No moats
  • High, smooth walls – concrete rendering and metal sheeting
  • Allows 24 hr access
mixed exhibit
Mixed Exhibit

Housed with 3.1 family (non-breeding) of Lar Gibbons

catch up facilities
Catch-up Facilities
  • Removable and interchangeable tunnel sections, incorporating hydraulic squeeze cage
  • Electronic lifting equipment
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements

- [email protected]

- www.chesterzoo.org

- Animal Division

- Primate Team

- Estates Department

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