Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Reading Comprehension

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1. Reading Comprehension

2. Overview Reading comprehension questions: Measure your ability to read with understanding, insight and discrimination. Explores your ability to analyze a written passage from several perspectives. This includes your ability to recognize both explicitly stated elements in the passage and assumptions underlying statements or arguments in the passage as well as the implications of those statements or arguments.This includes your ability to recognize both explicitly stated elements in the passage and assumptions underlying statements or arguments in the passage as well as the implications of those statements or arguments.

3. Pay attention to: The function of a word in relation to a larger segment of the passage. The relationship among the various ideas in the passage. The relationship of the author to the topic or to the audience.

4. Structure of a Reading Passage Read actively – absorb the text, every paragraph has a purpose and function Introduction of a problem Proposed solution Objections to proposed solution Refutation of objections Reassertion of workability of proposed solution Presentation of second layer of proposed solution

5. 5 Types of Reading Comprehension Questions to Answer 1) What is the main idea of the passage? Who, What, Where, When Re-read the first and last sentence of each paragraph Questions may be stated as: The central idea of the passage is... The author's primary point is... The author's chief concern is... What would the most appropriate title for this passage be?

6. 2) What are some of the specific points the author brings up in order to forward the main idea? Scan through the passage and locate the area where this particular topic is discussed. Re-read the pertinent part of the passage, keep the specifics of the question in mind. Always be sure that the answer you have chosen appears in the text. Questions may be stated as: Which of the following arguments does NOT appear in the passage... The passage supports which of the following claims... The author raises X example in order to.... The example given in the passage is most analogous to... Which of the following arguments would most strengthen example X....

7. 3) What can we infer from the passage? What ideas can we take away from it that the author hasn’t explicitly said? Make sure you look at what the passage doesn't say. If they give you an answer that is drawn directly from the passage, it's wrong. You need to infer - to draw a conclusion about the facts that are given, not just restate them. Questions may be stated as: We can infer which of the following from the passage? The author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements? What audience is the author most likely addressing? What other claims could be supported by this argument?

8. 4) What does the author think about the topic? Does the author agree with the information presented? Is the tone affirming or detracting? - As with the inference questions, this type of question requires that you understand some of the subtleties of the text. Questions may be stated as: The author's own attitude toward this topic can best be described as... The tone of this passage is... The author discusses this topic in order to....

9. 5) What stylistic techniques or specific vocabulary does the author use in his description? - Examples include anecdotes, rhetorical questions, similes, metaphors, generalizations, and hyperboles. Or the question might ask you to determine the meaning of a word based on the context. Questions may be stated as: The author uses the phrase X to mean which of the following... The word X as it appears in line Y most nearly means... The term X in line Y most likely refers to....

10. Reading Comprehension Tips Practice reading actively Pay attention to the beginning and ending sentences of each paragraph Keep the W’s in mind Stay focused Beware of distracters among the answers – these are answers that may be true in life but not true in the text Choose the most obvious and straightforward answer let's talk about some of the ways you can approach a passage, and some specific strategies that can help you get through the reading comprehension section let's talk about some of the ways you can approach a passage, and some specific strategies that can help you get through the reading comprehension section

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