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Debussy’s most familiar works: PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Debussy’s most familiar works: La Mer (The Sea) Clair de lune Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun” “tone poem” Deals with the Greek legend of Pan--a Pagan forest creature who is half man/half goat Plays a flute--now referred to as a “pan flute”

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Debussy’s most familiar works:

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Debussy’s most familiar works:

  • La Mer (The Sea)

  • Clair de lune

  • Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun”

    • “tone poem”

    • Deals with the Greek legend of Pan--a Pagan forest creature who is half man/half goat

    • Plays a flute--now referred to as a “pan flute”

    • After drinking too much wine, he can’t remember whether or not he actually made love to another forest creature--or if he just dreamed it

    • The erotic thoughts only make him more sleepy…


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Arnold Schöenberg

  • saw his music as an extension and simplification of the German tradition

  • by the first decade of the 20th century, Romantic emotionalism had been taken to the ultimate extreme, by portraying extreme emotional states such as hysteria, insanity and nightmares


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Expressionism

  • Schöenberg’s music is like the shocking colors and distorted figures in expressionist paintings

  • Edvard Munch’s “The Scream”


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Expressionism

  • no sense of traditional harmony, melody, or tonic (home key)

  • ATONAL -- ranges freely across the dramatic spectrum; the absence of key


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Expressionism

  • Schöenberg’s contribution to music was in the are of aesthetics…

  • His music is not traditionally “beautiful”…but his mission was to free the listener from that need


A good example is a song cycle called pierrot lunaire l.jpg

A good example is a song cycle called “pierrot lunaire”

  • Atonal

  • Uses “sprechstimme”--a kind of speech/song

  • 21 songs about a marionette who represents an evil presence

  • The first is called “Moondrunk”


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Pierrot lunaire

1. MondestrunkenNo. 1: Moondrunk   

  • Der Wein, den man mit Augen trinkt,

    • The wine that only eyes may drink

  • Giesst Nachts der Mond in Wogen nieder,

    • Pours from the moon in waves at nightfall,

  • Und eine Springflut überschwemmt

    • And like a springflood overwhelms

  • Den stillen Horizont.

    • The still horizon rim. 


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    Pierrot lunaire

    • Gelüste, schauerlich und süss,

      • Desires, shivering and sweet,

  • Durchschwimmen ohne Zahl die Fluten!

    • Are swimming without number through the flood waters!

  • Der Wein, den man mit Augen trinkt,

    • The wine that only eyes may drink

  • Giesst Nachts der Mond in Wogen nieder.

    • Pours from the moon in waves at nightfall.


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    Pierrot lunaire

    • Der Dichter, den die Andacht treibt,

      • The poet by his ardor driven,

  • Berauscht sich an dem heilgen Tranke,

    • Grown drunken from the Holy drink—

  • Den Himmel wendet er verzucht

    • To heaven he rapturously lifts

  • Das Haupt und taumelnd säugt und schlürft er

    • His head and, reeling, sips and swallows

  • Der Wein, den man mit Augen trinkt.

    • The wine that only eyes may drink.


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    Expressionism in Art

    • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors


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    Expressionism in Art

    • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors


    Expressionism in art13 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors


    Expressionism in art14 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors


    Expressionism in art15 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors


    Expressionism in art16 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors


    Expressionism in art17 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art18 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art19 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art20 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art21 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art22 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art23 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art24 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art25 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art26 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing


    Expressionism in art27 l.jpg

    Expressionism in Art

    • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing--this one is called “Vampyre”


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    12-tone (or “serial”) system

    • new way of organizing pitch -- a 20th century alternative to tonality

    • equal importance to each of the twelve tones

    • all pitches are derived from a special ordering of chromatic tones -- a tone row or series

    • choice of rows is limitless, since there are 479,001,600 possible arrangements of the twelve tones

    • forward; backward (retrograde); upside down (inversion); backward and upside down (retrograde-inversion)

    • put Schoenberg and his colleagues/students, Alban Berg and Anton Webern on the cutting edge of Western music, but also left them outside the mainstream


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    Igor Stravinsky


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