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MODULE EIGHT. Leadership Skills. Objectives:. Participants will: Develop effective public speaking skills. Define the qualities of an effective leader. Be effective team leaders and team members. Understand how to effectively manage a project and their peers.

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MODULE EIGHT

Leadership Skills


Objectives
Objectives:

Participants will:

  • Develop effective public speaking skills.

  • Define the qualities of an effective leader.

  • Be effective team leaders and team members.

  • Understand how to effectively manage a project and their peers.

  • Develop peer educator skills.


Presentation Skills

Adapted from: Core Curriculum GuidebookProject Jump StartAZ AHEC


The verbal element
The Verbal Element

  • Replace non-words (uh, uhmm) with pauses

  • Use language that is simple and direct

  • Use words that feel natural

  • People remember what is said first and what is said last


The visual element element
The Visual Element Element

  • Stand erect with shoulders back, suggesting confidence and enthusiasm

  • Use movement to add energy and variety

  • Use eye contact to establish rapport

  • Generally maintain eye contact for 4-5 seconds

  • Gesturing adds emphasis


Visual aids
Visual Aids

Visual aids can be used to support main points, but:

  • Keep them out of sight until they are to be used

  • They must be seen easily

  • They should be simple and interesting

  • When referring to a visual, face the participants


Other skills
Other Skills

  • Be flexible and adaptable to the group

  • Keep presentation “light” and enjoyable

Excerpts from: Presentations and Facilitation skills Trainer manual. Center for substance abuse Prevention, 1992


Important qualities of a leader
Important qualities of a leader:

  • Honesty, integrity, and responsibility are important qualities in a leader.

  • Effective leaders are also inspirational, caring, hard-working, self-aware, confident, adaptable, and service-oriented.

  • They also have the ability to communicate well.

  • And, they appreciate those who are under their leadership.


Skills inventory
Skills inventory:

  • What are your strengths?

  • How can you use your strengths when working with others?

  • What areas need strengthening or improvement?

  • How can you be aware of these areas when working with others?


What is peer education
What is peer education:

A peer is a person who belongs to the same social group as another person or group. The social group may be based on age, sex, sexual orientation, occupation,socio-economic and/or health status, etc. Education refers to the development of a person’s knowledge, attitudes, beliefs or behavior resulting from the learning process.

*Adapted from the Peer Education Training of Trainers manual

UN Interagency Group on Young Peoples Health Development and Protection in Europe and Central Asia Sub-Committee on Peer Education


Where does peer education take place
Where does peer education take place ?

Peer education can take place in small groups or through individual contact and in a variety of settings: in schools and universities, clubs, churches, workplaces, on the street or in a shelter, or wherever young people gather.

*Adapted from the Peer Education Training of Trainers manual

UN Interagency Group on Young Peoples Health Development and Protection in Europe and Central Asia Sub-Committee on Peer Education


Why use peer education
Why use peer education?

  • A young person’s peer group has a great influence on the way he or she behaves.

  • Youth peer educators are less likely to be seen as authority figures ‘preaching’ about how others should behave from a judgmental position.

  • Young people get a great deal of information from their peers on issues that are especially sensitive or culturally taboo.

  • Peer education is also a way to empower young people: it offers them the opportunity to participate in activities that affect them and to access the information and services they need to protect their health.

*Adapted from the Peer Education Training of Trainers manual

UN Interagency Group on Young Peoples Health Development and Protection in Europe and Central Asia Sub-Committee on Peer Education


What do good leaders do
What do good leaders do?

  • Help others

  • Ask for help

  • Motivate other people

  • Achieve unity within their group

  • Guide those who need guidance

  • Establish goals and begin to work toward them

  • Hold themselves accountable for their group’s actions

  • Listen to those they are leading


How do leaders lead
How do leaders lead?

  • They lead by example

  • They lead because they have a passion to lead and passion for their cause

  • They have good communication and listening skills

  • They are aware of and deal with their strengths AND weaknesses


How do leaders learn
How do leaders learn?

  • Listen to those they work with.

  • Step back from each experience to appreciate the lesson learned.

  • Are open to change and improvements whether from peers or supervisors.

  • Seek guidance and advice from a community or program leader.


Project management involves
Project management involves:

  • Setting goals.

  • Being ready to take risks.

  • Setting timelines.

  • Sticking to the timelines.

  • Evaluating the project.

  • Modifying plans if necessary.

  • Maintaining the group’s motivation.

  • Encouraging completion of the project.

  • Thanking those involved when the project is completed.


Setting goals
Setting goals:

  • Your goals must be specific and clearly defined before beginning work.

  • You must be able to measure the outcome of your goals.

  • Your goals should be flexible and adaptable.

  • Keep your goals realistic and attainable.

  • Is your goal reachable within your time frame?


How a leader motivates others
How a leader motivates others:

  • Utilize an individual’s natural talents when assigning tasks.

  • Understand that everyone does not have the same strengths.

  • Make people feel as though they are contributing something unique to the group.

  • Make people feel as though their time and efforts are valued.

  • Make people feel appreciated for the job they have done.


Effective leaders motivate by
Effective leaders motivate by:

  • Making suggestions, not demands.

  • Making sure everyone is contributing.

  • Making sure others understand all viewpoints and the details of what is being said.


Problem solving
Problem solving:

  • First, create a comfortable atmosphere.

  • Determine and clarify the problem and issues.

  • Make sure everyone is aware of the problem.

  • Plan a solution as a group.

  • Have everyone agree on the solution and ensure their pledge to working toward it.

  • Implement the plan as a group.

  • Evaluate the solution as a group.

  • Determine how to avoid new conflicts in the future.


How do leaders improve their leadership skills
How do leaders improve their leadership skills?

  • By LISTENING to suggestions of those they work with.

  • By constantly reviewing their own skills and work.

  • By being open to constructive criticism.

  • By continuing to read and educate themselves on what it means to be a good leader.



Qualities of a peer educator
Qualities of a Peer Educator:

  • Openness

  • Honesty

  • Confidence

  • Committed to researching facts

  • Maintains confidentiality


How to be a peer educator
How to be a Peer Educator:

  • Have knowledge of the subject you will be discussing.

  • Research the topics you are interested in or already have experience with.

  • Don’t be afraid to admit you don’t know something or to have to research something new.

  • Be confident in your ability to discuss personal, private, social, and ethical issues that affect yourself and your peers.

  • Be able to lead a free, open, and HONEST conversation on the topic you will be discussing.


Resources for the peer educator
Resources for the Peer Educator:

  • Libraries

  • Schools

  • Teachers

  • World Wide Web

  • Your local Area Health Education Center

  • Textbooks

  • Parents


Summary
Summary:

Congratulations on completing all 3 tiers of the Health Service Corps!

You should be very proud of yourself!


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