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Inter Association Council of Athletic Officials New Official’s Basketball Class Module 12 Free-Throw Administration Throw-In Administration At the completion of this Module the student should: Know the proper positions of the officials Know where each official starts on a throw-in

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inter association council of athletic officials

Inter Association Council of Athletic Officials

New Official’s Basketball Class

Module 12

Free-Throw Administration

throw in administration
Throw-In Administration
  • At the completion of this Module the student should:
    • Know the proper positions of the officials
    • Know where each official starts on a throw-in
    • Understand basic rules for a throw in-Administration
key terms
Thrower

Free Throw Lineup

Free Throw Restrictions

Rotations

10 Second Limit

Correctable Error

Key Terms
free throw lineup
Free Throw Lineup
  • Team B (team without the ball) must be located above two lower block
    • (New Rule 08-09)
  • Lane area from the end line to, and including, the neutral zone marks shall remain vacant
  • Maximum 4 Defensive and 2 Offensive on lane line
  • All other players
    • Above the 3 point line
    • Above the FT lane line
slide7

Maximum Line up

Configuration

T

Table

A

B

A

A

C

Bench

B

B

A

A

B

B

L

slide8

Team A vacates the lane

T

Table

A

C

Bench

B

B

B

B

L

slide9

Team B vacates

lane spaces

T

Table

A

C

Bench

A

A

B

B

L

slide10

Team B must occupy

first lane spaces

T

Table

A

C

Bench

B

B

L

free throw lineup11
Free Throw Lineup
  • Team B (opponent of free thrower) must set up in the first space (closest to basket allowed)
  • If Team B does not set up on the first shot, then it is a violation on Team B
  • After violation on Team B, you have a technical foul on Team B
slide12

FT Restrictions Ends

When Ball is in the Cylinder

T

Table

A

C

Bench

B

B

A

A

B

B

L

free throw rules14
Free Throw Rules
  • 10 Second Limit on thrower
  • Free Throw Restrictions begin
    • Ball is at the disposal of the thrower
  • Free Throw Restrictions end
    • When the ball is in the cylinder
    • When the ball hits the backboard
free throw rules15
Free Throw Rules
  • Free Throw Restrictions involve
    • Thrower
    • Players on the Lane Line
    • Players not on the Lane Line
free throw rough play
Free Throw Rough Play
  • Players must stay in their lane line
  • Players cannot push to get better position
basic mechanics
Basic Mechanics
  • Trail
    • Always opposite table
    • Signals to table what kind of FTs are awarded
    • Has 10 Second count responsibility
    • Aware of players not on the FT lane
    • Chops in clock on rebounding action
    • Close Down on shot attempt
basic mechanics20
Basic Mechanics
  • Lead
    • Always table side
    • Signals to players what kind of FT has been awarded
    • Administers all free throws
    • Chops in clock after made FTs during throw in
basic free throw coverage new rule implementation
Basic Free Throw Coverage(New Rule Implementation)

Primary Coverage on Free Throw

  • Trail/Center
    • Has Free Throw Shooter
    • First player closest to T/C and players on opposite lane line
  • Lead
    • First player closest to Lead and players opposite lane line
slide22

T

2008-2009

Rule Coverage

Responsibility

T

Table

T/C

A

Bench

B

B

A

A

B

B

L

basic mechanics24
Basic Mechanics
  • Center Official
    • Always Opposite Table
    • Has 10 Second Count
    • “Chops” clock on missed free throw
    • Rebounding responsibility
    • Close Down on attempt
basic mechanics25
Basic Mechanics
  • Lead Official
    • Always Table Side
    • Administers all Free Throws
    • After made basket (and final Free Throw) is responsible for “Chopping” Clock on throw in
    • Rebounding responsibility
basic mechanics26
Basic Mechanics
  • Trail Official
    • Always Table Side
    • Primarily responsible for substitutions
    • Helps with all Free Throw coverage issues
    • May have to watch players not on the Free Throw Lane
    • Also has rebounding responsibility
    • Close Down on attempt
    • Assist partners on coverage
basic mechanics27
Basic Mechanics
  • All Officials (2 or 3 Officials)
    • Knowing the correct amount of Free Throws awarded
    • Making sure subs are properly entering the game
    • Making sure all players are lined up properly
    • If anything is wrong get it corrected before anything is started
    • Call Obvious Violations
    • Know the clock status!!!
slide28

T

3 Person Coverage

Table

B

B

A

C

A

Bench

B

A

L

B

slide29

2 Person Coverage

Table

A

T

Bench

L

free throw violations32
Free Throw Violations
  • 10 seconds for thrower to shoot
  • Free thrower and players on lane marked spaces cannot fake to cause violation
  • No disconcertion
  • Enter or leave a marked lane space
  • Free thrower shall not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the edge of the FT line which is farther from the basket or the free throw semi-circle
free throw violations33
Free Throw Violations
  • A player not the FTer who does not occupy a marked lane space, may not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the FT line extended and the 3 point line which is farthest from the basket
  • A player occupying a marked lane space may not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the outside edge of any lane boundary or beyond the vertical edge of the space designated by a neutral zone
free throw violations34
Free Throw Violations
  • Violations committed by:
    • Free Thrower team
      • First violation or only violation
      • Play becomes dead immediately
      • No FT can be awarded
  • Second violation is ignored
free throw violations35
Free Throw Violations
  • Violations committed by:
    • Opponents of Free throw team
      • Commits first violation
      • Play continues
      • FT is successful violation is disregarded
    • Second lane line violation is ignored
free throw violations38
Free Throw Violations
  • Simultaneous Violations
    • Both teams commit a violation
    • Alternating Possession
    • Ball placed at nearest spot
  • Not a Simultaneous Violation
    • Lane line violations
free throw violations39
Free Throw Violations
  • Double Violation
    • Lane Line and Non-Lane Line Violation
    • Lane Line and Thrower Violation
    • Two Lane line violations, are not a double violation
  • Ball is dead immediately
  • Go to the Alternating Possession Arrow
resumption play procedure41
Resumption Play Procedure
  • Rule is in place to prevent a delay after a timeout or intermission
  • Administering official shall sound the whistle to indicate play will resume
  • Ball should be placed at the disposal of the thrower or placed on the floor
resumption play procedure42
Resumption Play Procedure
  • Either team or both teams may be charged with a violation
  • Following a violation by one or both teams, if offended team continues to delay
    • Technical Foul shall be charged
  • Do everything to prevent this ultimate action
substitutions44
Substitutions
  • During multiple free throws, subs can only be made before the final free throw attempt
    • Exception:
      • When player has to leave by rule
      • Disqualified player
      • Injury
      • Technical Foul Shots
substitutions45
Substitutions
  • During 1 and 1 or one shot opportunities subs can come in anytime before ball is at disposal of Free Thrower
substitutions coverage
Substitutions Coverage

Two and Three Person Mechanics

  • Trail Official
    • Primarily responsible for substitutions
  • Center and Lead
    • Secondary on substitutions
  • All officials make sure proper substitutions are made
technical fouls
Technical Fouls
  • No players on the lane line
  • Any player can shoot each free throw
    • Substitutes
    • Multiple FTs
  • Normal Substitution rules apply
  • Throw-In at the division line, opposite the table
intentional fouls
Intentional Fouls
  • No players on the lane lines
  • Only fouled player can shoot
    • Injury could apply
  • Two shots on most intentional fouls
  • Three shots on a missed 3 point attempt
  • Normal substitution rules apply
  • Throw-in at the spot of the foul after FTs
flagrant fouls
Flagrant Fouls
  • No players on the lane lines
  • Only fouled player can shoot
    • Injury could apply
  • Normal substitution rules apply
  • Throw-in at the spot of the foul after FTs
slide51

Technical, Intentional

And Flagrant Fouls

T

Table

B

A

B

A

B

B

B

A

A

A

C

Bench

L

correctable errors
Correctable Errors
  • Failure to Award a merited FT
  • Awarding an unmerited FT
  • Permitting a wrong player to attempt a FT
  • Attempting a FT at the wrong basket
  • Erroneously counting or canceling a score

Four of the 5 Correctable Errors involve Free Throws

correctable errors54
Correctable Errors
  • CR Must be recognized by an official no later than during the 1st dead ball after the clock has properly started
  • Bookkeeping errors or mistakes are not correctable errors
correctable errors55
Correctable Errors
  • Correctable Errors should never happen if you take your time
  • Never shoot free throws without completely knowing the situation
free throw administration review
Free Throw Administration Review
  • What is required for a normal FT attempt?
  • Who administers FTs?
  • Which official is responsible for substitutions?
  • Who can shoot a technical foul FT?
module 12
Module 12

Questions?

New Officials Basketball Class

Module 12

Free Throw Administration

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