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Inter Association Council of Athletic Officials New Official’s Basketball Class Module 12 Free-Throw Administration Throw-In Administration At the completion of this Module the student should: Know the proper positions of the officials Know where each official starts on a throw-in

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Inter association council of athletic officials l.jpg

Inter Association Council of Athletic Officials

New Official’s Basketball Class

Module 12

Free-Throw Administration


Throw in administration l.jpg
Throw-In Administration

  • At the completion of this Module the student should:

    • Know the proper positions of the officials

    • Know where each official starts on a throw-in

    • Understand basic rules for a throw in-Administration


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Thrower

Free Throw Lineup

Free Throw Restrictions

Rotations

10 Second Limit

Correctable Error

Key Terms



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Free Throw Lineup

  • Team B (team without the ball) must be located above two lower block

    • (New Rule 08-09)

  • Lane area from the end line to, and including, the neutral zone marks shall remain vacant

  • Maximum 4 Defensive and 2 Offensive on lane line

  • All other players

    • Above the 3 point line

    • Above the FT lane line


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Maximum Line up

Configuration

T

Table

A

B

A

A

C

Bench

B

B

A

A

B

B

L


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Team A vacates the lane

T

Table

A

C

Bench

B

B

B

B

L


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Team B vacates

lane spaces

T

Table

A

C

Bench

A

A

B

B

L


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Team B must occupy

first lane spaces

T

Table

A

C

Bench

B

B

L


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Free Throw Lineup

  • Team B (opponent of free thrower) must set up in the first space (closest to basket allowed)

  • If Team B does not set up on the first shot, then it is a violation on Team B

  • After violation on Team B, you have a technical foul on Team B


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FT Restrictions Ends

When Ball is in the Cylinder

T

Table

A

C

Bench

B

B

A

A

B

B

L



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Free Throw Rules

  • 10 Second Limit on thrower

  • Free Throw Restrictions begin

    • Ball is at the disposal of the thrower

  • Free Throw Restrictions end

    • When the ball is in the cylinder

    • When the ball hits the backboard


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Free Throw Rules

  • Free Throw Restrictions involve

    • Thrower

    • Players on the Lane Line

    • Players not on the Lane Line


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Free Throw Rough Play

  • Players must stay in their lane line

  • Players cannot push to get better position



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Basic Mechanics

  • Trail

    • Always opposite table

    • Signals to table what kind of FTs are awarded

    • Has 10 Second count responsibility

    • Aware of players not on the FT lane

    • Chops in clock on rebounding action

    • Close Down on shot attempt


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Basic Mechanics

  • Lead

    • Always table side

    • Signals to players what kind of FT has been awarded

    • Administers all free throws

    • Chops in clock after made FTs during throw in


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Basic Free Throw Coverage(New Rule Implementation)

Primary Coverage on Free Throw

  • Trail/Center

    • Has Free Throw Shooter

    • First player closest to T/C and players on opposite lane line

  • Lead

    • First player closest to Lead and players opposite lane line


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T

2008-2009

Rule Coverage

Responsibility

T

Table

T/C

A

Bench

B

B

A

A

B

B

L



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Basic Mechanics

  • Center Official

    • Always Opposite Table

    • Has 10 Second Count

    • “Chops” clock on missed free throw

    • Rebounding responsibility

    • Close Down on attempt


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Basic Mechanics

  • Lead Official

    • Always Table Side

    • Administers all Free Throws

    • After made basket (and final Free Throw) is responsible for “Chopping” Clock on throw in

    • Rebounding responsibility


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Basic Mechanics

  • Trail Official

    • Always Table Side

    • Primarily responsible for substitutions

    • Helps with all Free Throw coverage issues

    • May have to watch players not on the Free Throw Lane

    • Also has rebounding responsibility

    • Close Down on attempt

    • Assist partners on coverage


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Basic Mechanics

  • All Officials (2 or 3 Officials)

    • Knowing the correct amount of Free Throws awarded

    • Making sure subs are properly entering the game

    • Making sure all players are lined up properly

    • If anything is wrong get it corrected before anything is started

    • Call Obvious Violations

    • Know the clock status!!!


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T

3 Person Coverage

Table

B

B

A

C

A

Bench

B

A

L

B


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2 Person Coverage

Table

A

T

Bench

L



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Free Throw Violations

  • 10 seconds for thrower to shoot

  • Free thrower and players on lane marked spaces cannot fake to cause violation

  • No disconcertion

  • Enter or leave a marked lane space

  • Free thrower shall not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the edge of the FT line which is farther from the basket or the free throw semi-circle


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Free Throw Violations

  • A player not the FTer who does not occupy a marked lane space, may not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the FT line extended and the 3 point line which is farthest from the basket

  • A player occupying a marked lane space may not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the outside edge of any lane boundary or beyond the vertical edge of the space designated by a neutral zone


Free throw violations34 l.jpg
Free Throw Violations

  • Violations committed by:

    • Free Thrower team

      • First violation or only violation

      • Play becomes dead immediately

      • No FT can be awarded

  • Second violation is ignored


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Free Throw Violations

  • Violations committed by:

    • Opponents of Free throw team

      • Commits first violation

      • Play continues

      • FT is successful violation is disregarded

    • Second lane line violation is ignored




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Free Throw Violations

  • Simultaneous Violations

    • Both teams commit a violation

    • Alternating Possession

    • Ball placed at nearest spot

  • Not a Simultaneous Violation

    • Lane line violations


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Free Throw Violations

  • Double Violation

    • Lane Line and Non-Lane Line Violation

    • Lane Line and Thrower Violation

    • Two Lane line violations, are not a double violation

  • Ball is dead immediately

  • Go to the Alternating Possession Arrow



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Resumption Play Procedure

  • Rule is in place to prevent a delay after a timeout or intermission

  • Administering official shall sound the whistle to indicate play will resume

  • Ball should be placed at the disposal of the thrower or placed on the floor


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Resumption Play Procedure

  • Either team or both teams may be charged with a violation

  • Following a violation by one or both teams, if offended team continues to delay

    • Technical Foul shall be charged

  • Do everything to prevent this ultimate action



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Substitutions

  • During multiple free throws, subs can only be made before the final free throw attempt

    • Exception:

      • When player has to leave by rule

      • Disqualified player

      • Injury

      • Technical Foul Shots


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Substitutions

  • During 1 and 1 or one shot opportunities subs can come in anytime before ball is at disposal of Free Thrower


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Substitutions Coverage

Two and Three Person Mechanics

  • Trail Official

    • Primarily responsible for substitutions

  • Center and Lead

    • Secondary on substitutions

  • All officials make sure proper substitutions are made



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Technical Fouls

  • No players on the lane line

  • Any player can shoot each free throw

    • Substitutes

    • Multiple FTs

  • Normal Substitution rules apply

  • Throw-In at the division line, opposite the table


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Intentional Fouls

  • No players on the lane lines

  • Only fouled player can shoot

    • Injury could apply

  • Two shots on most intentional fouls

  • Three shots on a missed 3 point attempt

  • Normal substitution rules apply

  • Throw-in at the spot of the foul after FTs


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Flagrant Fouls

  • No players on the lane lines

  • Only fouled player can shoot

    • Injury could apply

  • Normal substitution rules apply

  • Throw-in at the spot of the foul after FTs


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Technical, Intentional

And Flagrant Fouls

T

Table

B

A

B

A

B

B

B

A

A

A

C

Bench

L



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Correctable Errors

  • Failure to Award a merited FT

  • Awarding an unmerited FT

  • Permitting a wrong player to attempt a FT

  • Attempting a FT at the wrong basket

  • Erroneously counting or canceling a score

    Four of the 5 Correctable Errors involve Free Throws


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Correctable Errors

  • CR Must be recognized by an official no later than during the 1st dead ball after the clock has properly started

  • Bookkeeping errors or mistakes are not correctable errors


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Correctable Errors

  • Correctable Errors should never happen if you take your time

  • Never shoot free throws without completely knowing the situation


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Free Throw Administration Review

  • What is required for a normal FT attempt?

  • Who administers FTs?

  • Which official is responsible for substitutions?

  • Who can shoot a technical foul FT?


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Module 12

Questions?

New Officials Basketball Class

Module 12

Free Throw Administration


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