Lecture 1. The Origins of the International State System. Origins of the International State System. Modern state System Originated in the 30 Years’ War (1618-1648). War of Political Authority: Where did final political authority reside? Who Would Control Land and Taxation?
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The Origins of the International State System
Holy Roman Empire
Two Theories of Politics Under Anarchy
Realism Vs. Liberalism
Roots in Thucydides’ Account of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)
Modern Origins in 17th and 18th Century Political Theory
Hobbes (1651), Machiavelli
Draws a Very Sharp Distinction Between the Ordered Nature of Politics within Nations and the Dis-ordered Nature of Politics Between Nations
Very Pessimistic Perspective on International Politics
Interaction under Anarchy is Equivalent to Life in a State of Nature
Resulting International State System is a War of All Against All.
International Politics is Dominated by Fighting or Preparing to Fight Wars
Has its Origins in Late 18th Century Enlightenment Thought
John Locke; Immanuel Kant; J.J. Rousseau
Inspired by Modern Notion of Progress and Human Ability to Control Nature
Draws a Less-Sharp Distinction Between Domestic and International Politics
Relatively Hopeful (if not optimistic) Perspective on International Politics.
Fear Will Cause Governments to Combine Independent Nations into Larger Political Units.
Process of Political Integration Will Be Reinforced By International Economic Interdependence