Jerusalem-The Holy Land Presented By- Nick Antonelli, Connor Laughlin, Joe Nally, and Ben Thompson for Section 2 of Religions of the Book. Contents History of Jerusalem Significance of the Holy Land in: The Hebrew Bible The New Testament The Qur’an Terms to know
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Jerusalem-The Holy Land
Nick Antonelli, Connor Laughlin, Joe Nally, and Ben Thompson for Section 2 of Religions of the Book.
538 BCE the Jews were allowed to return to Judea
In 19 BCE the Temple Mount was elevated and work began on an expansion of the second temple under Herod the Great
The Temple Mount is one of the most contested spots in the world
In 6 CE the city came under the direct control of the Romans
Roman rule was challenged with the Great Jewish Revolt
led to the destruction of the second temple in 70 CE
*Gen 12:1-9, *15:18-21- God’s Covenant with Abraham (about 1800 BCE).
*Gen 22:1-3- The sacrifice of Isaac (in land of Moriah, also thought to be site of Dome of the Rock).
1030 BCE- Saul becomes 1st ruler of a united Kingdom of Israel.
*2 Sam 5:6-12-David becomes king after Saul’s death. In 1000 BCE he takes over Jebusite city of Jerusalem and claims it as the capitol
Zec 1:14-17- God forgives the people of Jerusalem and chooses them (again) to be his people and Jerusalem to be his city.
*Neh 2:11-20- Nehemiah begins rebuilding Jerusalem so it will “no longer be an object of derision” between 520 and 515 BCE.
Resurrection of Jesus• Appearance to the two travelers• Meeting with the disciples in Jerusalem• Appearance to the group
Found people who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, as well as money-changers
Made a whip to drive them out
Keeping clean the holy place of God
Going to Jerusalem to purify themselves
• Expecting Jesus to come purify them
Islam precedes all religions, according to tradition, and shares roots in Judaism and Christianity, with all three having strong religious ties to the city of Jerusalem.
Jerusalem is said to be the third holiest city in the Islamic faith, behind the cities of Makkah and Madinah, respectively.
Jerusalem is home to two major Islamic holy sites: Al-Aqsa Mosque, or the Temple Mount, and the Dome of the Rock.
The Temple Mount (Masjid al-Aqsa)
Known as “The Farthest Mosque”, it is located in East Jerusalem.
Has progressively expanded over time, but is still constructed over the original mosque that Muhammad worshipped.
Second Jewish Revolt 132-135
led by Bar Kokhba
Romans sacked the city and destroyed the temple
Massive Roman reconstruction of Jerusalem in 135 CE under Emperor Hadrian
Under Constantine I Jerusalem became a center for Christianity
Built the Church of the Holy Sepulchre on the sight of Calvary (previously a temple to Venus there)
Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattāb conquered Jerusalem in 638 CE
Allowed Jews and Christians to live there in return for a tax
Caliph Abd al-Malik commissioned and completed the Dome of the Rock by the end of the 7th century
In 1099 Jerusalem was taken by the First Crusade
The Crusaders slaughtered most of the Muslim and Jewish inhabitants
Saladin conquered Jerusalem in 1187
Was much more peaceful in his conquest, killed no civilians after the battle
Various powers controlled the city in the next few centuries