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Opportunity for Higher Education: Consequences of Regressive Policy Choices American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Seattle, Washington July 12, 2010 Tom Mortenson Senior Scholar The Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education Higher Education Policy Analyst

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Opportunity for Higher Education:

Consequences of Regressive Policy Choices

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

Seattle, Washington

July 12, 2010

Tom Mortenson

Senior Scholar

The Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education

Higher Education Policy Analyst

Postsecondary Education OPPORTUNITY

Intro


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Thesis

  • Progressive Policy Era: 1862 to 1980

  • Federal policy initiatives

  • State policy initiatives

  • Institutional responses

  • Regressive Policy Era: 1980 to present

  • Federal policy choices

  • State retrenchment in higher education investments

  • Institutional pursuit of self-interest








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Public Policy Realities OECD 2020

  • Changing demography

  • Changing economy

  • Globalization











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Policy Eras in the United States Householder

  • 1862 to 1980: The Progressive Policy Era:

  • Morrill Land Grant Act created state universities

  • Teachers colleges for universal K-12 education

  • Community colleges

  • Need-based financial aid for students

  • GI Bill for returning World War II military veterans

  • Supportive services for students

  • 1980 to Present: The Regressive Policy Era:

  • Federal shift from grants to loans, abandon needs-test

  • State reduction in higher education investment efforts

  • State shift from need-based grants to merit scholarships

  • Universities and colleges lust for prestige and revenue

















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  • Opportunity Consequences of Policy Shift to 2008

  • Redistribution of college enrollments

  • Stagnation in college participation rates

  • Growth in bachelor’s degree attainment mainly in the

  • inherited privilege classes

  • Growing gaps in educational attainment between shrinking

  • majority and growing minority populations

  • Growing income inequality—higher education is an “engine

  • of division”
















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69.JUST&EFFICIENT Characteristics 2005-2008


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Final Characteristics 2005-2008

Resources:

www.postsecondary.org

tom@postsecondary.org


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