History of floral design
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History of Floral Design. Occidental Style. Evolved from the Egyptian & Middle Eastern cultures Further developed by the Europeans Characterized by large, massive designs. Oriental Style. Started in China Used by the Japanese Characterized as a line design with few flowers used.

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Occidental style
Occidental Style

  • Evolved from the Egyptian & Middle Eastern cultures

  • Further developed by the Europeans

  • Characterized by large, massive designs


Oriental style
Oriental Style

  • Started in China

  • Used by the Japanese

  • Characterized as a line design with few flowers used


Egyptian period 2800 28 b c
Egyptian Period 2800 – 28 B.C.

  • Flowers are arranged in rows in shallow containers, used bright colors

  • Arrangements of neatly piled fruits & vegetables would be placed on feast tables

  • Water lilies & lotus blossoms were placed in elaborate vases, bowls, & jars


Ancient greeks 600 146 b c
Ancient Greeks 600 – 146 B.C.

  • Flowers were scattered on tables & streets during banquets & festivals

  • Used garlands & wreaths, these were worn at special events & presented as awards

  • Cornucopia, horn-of-plenty, was introduced. It was displayed standing up, rather than on its side.


Romans 28 b c 325 a d
Romans 28 B.C. – 325 A.D.

  • Elaborate use of plant material

  • Scattered roses on tables and floors at banquets

  • Altar gifts of blossom filled scarves were part of religious ceremonies


Byzantine period 320 600 a d
Byzantine Period 320 – 600 A.D.

  • Arrangements of cut flowers

  • Formal conical designs with clusters of blossoms at regular intervals


Renaissance 1400 1600 a d
Renaissance 1400 – 1600 A.D.

  • Large, tall, pyramidal & symmetrically balanced designs

  • Documented by the artists of the time

  • Loose, uncrowded & airy designs

  • Used intense colors to contrast white walls

  • Arrangements were twice the height of the container


Baroque period 1600 1775 a d
Baroque Period 1600 – 1775 A.D.

  • Began as symmetrical oval shaped designs

  • Arrangements incorporated a variety of accessories

  • The S-curve & crescent arrangements were developed


Flemish style 1600 1750 a d
Flemish Style 1600 – 1750 A.D.

  • Beautifully captured by Dutch painters

  • Better proportioned & more compact than the Baroque style

  • Massed, oval shaped designs with rich colors & an array of flowers


Georgian period 1714 1760 a d
Georgian Period 1714 – 1760 A.D.

  • Used a single flower type

  • Symmetrical, triangular shape

  • Nosegay: a hand-held bouquet that became stylish. These were placed in bowls & became the 1st centerpiece as we know them today

  • Greatly influenced the decorative acts in Colonial America, fan-shaped & triangular arrangements


Victorian period 1820 1914 a d
Victorian Period 1820 – 1914 A.D.

  • Large numbers of flowers were crammed into a compact container

  • Asymmetrical designs with no focal point

  • Unplanned designs with many different colors & flower types

  • Attempted to establish rules of floral design


Line mass designs
Line - Mass Designs

  • Combination of occidental & oriental styles of design

  • Present style of design in the U.S. today


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