Graphics in Documents Using Graphics to Think Preparing the graphics first helps you get started and sets out the framework of your written product Graphical Display and Scientific Inquiry “ . . .the way in which we present the data determines what can be seen in the data.”
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Preparing the graphics first helps you get started and sets out the framework of your written product
Example: Spatial representation of data
Previously, data on deaths had been displayed chronologically.
Tufte, Visual Explanations, 1997
Work House epidemic
William Cleveland, The Elements of Graphing Data, 1994
100 cm (Air Outlet)
Figure 5.2. Schematic of the experimental bioreactor
uncluttered as the complexity of your
above a table.
Figure 3. Relationship between density and temperature of air at standard atmospheric pressure. Source of data: Engineering Fluid Mechanics, 2001
Table 2: Example of Table with Modified Parameters
A low coefficient of thermal expansion indicates that the material will have minimal change in length given temperature fluctuations. Thermal coefficients for the patching materials are summarized in Table 4; as can be seen, FRP overlay has the lowest.
Table 4. Coefficients of Thermal Expansion/Shrinkage for Patching Materials
Figure 2. Destruction of Organic Contaminants by Phytodegradation
Enzymes in plant roots break down (degrade) organic contaminants. The fragments are incorporated into new plant material.
Figure 2. United States Facilities with No. 2 Emissions Phytodegradation
Source: Environmental Protection Agency, 2000, www.epa.gov/airs/mapview.htm
Figure 3. Relationship between density and temperature of air at standard atmospheric pressure. Source of data: Crowe, et al. Engineering Fluid Mechanics, 2001