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Federalism Timeline. 1787-1836: Increased Nationalism. Supreme Court Chief John Marshall Marbury v. Madison (1804): Judicial Review Federal acts McCulloch v. Maryland (1819): uphold elastic clause, Judicial Review State acts

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1787 1836 increased nationalism l.jpg
1787-1836: Increased Nationalism

  • Supreme Court Chief John Marshall

  • Marbury v. Madison (1804): Judicial Review Federal acts

  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819): uphold elastic clause, Judicial Review State acts

  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819): States cannot interfere in contracts

  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824): commerce clause covers “every system of commercial intercourse”


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Counter-Trend: Nullification

  • 1798: Jefferson + Madison: Kentucky + Virginia Resolutions

    • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • 1814: Hartford Convention: threatened NE secession

  • 1832: Nullification Crisis

    • Tariff of Abominations, John C. Calhoun, Force Act


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1836-1860: “Dual Sovereignty”

  • Chief Roger Taney

  • Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

  • States’ Rights Southern Secession


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1866-1877: Radical Reconstruction

  • 14th Amendment

  • Military Occupation

  • Freedman’s Bureau

  • Republican governments


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1873-1964: Jim Crow South

  • Slaughterhouse Cases (1873): 14th only protects US citizenship rights, not State

    • Incorporation process

  • 1876: Hayes-Tilden Election

  • 1896: Plessy v. Ferguson


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1933-1939: New Deal

  • Economic regulation: at first overturned by Court (intrastate regulation) then upheld


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1954: Brown V. Board

  • Revival nullification

  • Alabama nullification resolution federal troops in Little Rock, Arkansas

  • 1964: Civil Rights Act

  • 1965: Voting Rights Act

  • Johnson: Great Society


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Informal Amendments

  • Changes to functioning of government/Constitution w/o changing wording

  • Legislation: court system, new agencies, elastic clause

  • Executive Action: executive agreements (Senate-less treaties, undeclared war)

  • Supreme Court Decisions: “constitutional convention in continuous session”

  • Party Practices: nominations, electoral college, policy role

  • Custom: Cabinet, senatorial courtesy, no 3rd terms


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