European Union. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE EU. The European Union has gone through many incarnations since its origins fifty-plus years ago.
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The European Union has gone through many incarnations since its origins
fifty-plus years ago.
European Coal and Steel Community*1952: The basis of the EU began with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), to regulate European industry & improve commerce, post WWII.* The six founding states were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands.*1957: the Treaties of Rome were signed by the six member states, forming:-The European Economic Community (EEC) -The European Atomic Energy Community(Euroatom)* These units worked concurrently with the ECSC.
Denmark, and Ireland
joined the EC.
regulating trade and commerce.
goals were developed:
1992: the Maastricht Treaty was ratified, which rechartered the EC as the European Union.
The European Union is based on the rule of law and democracy. It is neither a new State replacing existing ones nor is it comparable to other international organisations. Its Member States delegate sovereignty to common institutions representing the interests of the Union as a whole on questions of joint interest. All decisions and procedures are derived from the basic treaties ratified by the Member States.
(not elected) by the
EU Council for a 5-year
term and confirmed
by member states for 6 year terms.
law is uniformly interpreted and effectively applied.
country - date of EU application
25 CURRENT EU COUNTRIES role:
country - date of EU application
never been a
member of the EU,
but is ‘partners’
with EU for certain
UN in 2002.
economic reasons but the Swiss people continue to
vote against joining the EU.
What Does it Take to qualify for still pending Membership in theEU:1. The candidate country has achieved stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities.2. The candidate country has the existence of a functioning market economy, as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union.3. The candidate country has the ability to take on the obligations of membership, including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.
EU PUBLICATIONS still pending* The EU publishes on a multitude of topics in a variety of formats. Statistics, parliamentary reports, current events, debate, regulations, and news items all fall within the range of EU publication topics. *The type of publications includes periodicals, monographs, and annuals. *The format of publications is either paper, fiche or electronic, with Internet being heavily utilized since 2000.
categories: Green Papers, White Papers,
Bulletins, Communications, Reports,
Memorandum, and Press Releases.
Information and Official Documents.
Portal to all EU institution and bodies
Mult-lingual (11 official languages)
37 million visitors per month
1.5 million documents consulted daily
1.3 million documents available
in the 1950’s.
EU Depositories Holdings still pending*Depositories and EDCs automatically receive one copy of a majority of EU produced items free of charge, in the designated language.* The only items that are not part of this agreement are the Technical Reports and the Press Materials issued by the Commission's Offices located outside of Brussels. *The public can purchase official EU documents from the Office for Official Publications (EU-OP). Purchase requests can be made via the internet.*There is a large cache of free current information on EU web page.
of fifteen in the nation.