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Disaster Recovery Management Introduction 11 th APAN @ Xi’an China on 27 th August 2007 By Sagarika Wickramasekera Content What is Disaster Management Phenomenon of Natural Disaster in Asia Pacific Region Why we need Disaster Management Disaster Mitigation methods

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Disaster Recovery ManagementIntroduction

11th APAN @ Xi’an China on

27th August 2007

By

Sagarika Wickramasekera


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Content

  • What is Disaster Management

  • Phenomenon of Natural Disaster in Asia Pacific Region

  • Why we need Disaster Management

  • Disaster Mitigation methods

  • Application of Information Technology in Disaster Management

  • Role Of Sahana in Disaster Management

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What is Disaster Management

  • Discipline dealing with and avoiding risks

  • Involves preparing, supporting, and rebuilding society when natural or manmade disasters occur

  • Continuous process by which all individuals, groups, and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid or ameliorate the impact of disasters resulting from the hazards

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Why We Need Disaster Management

  • For Early Warning

  • To foreseeing future disasters

  • To Take prevention methods on reliable information

  • To prohibit Natural disaster occurrence sources.

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Phenomenon of Natural Disasters

  • Many Developing and Developed countries of Asia Pacific Region are situated in the hazard belts if the world and are subject to

    • Floods

    • Landslides

    • Earthquakes

    • Cyclones

    • Droughts

    • Volcanic eruptions

    • Tsunami

    • Epdemics

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Occurrence of Disasters

  • Cyclones

    • Philippines – 38 % of world total – 30 per year

    • Bangladesh

    • Vietnam

    • Fiji

    • Tonga

    • Solomon Islands

    • Samova

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Occurrence of Disasters Contd.

Floods –

  • India

    • Annual floods inundate 40 million hectares

  • Bangladesh

    • One of the most flood prone countries in the region

  • Sri Lanka

    • Seasonal floods

  • China

    • Annual summer floods

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Occurrence of Disasters Contd.

  • Droughts

    • Afghanistan

    • Iran

    • Myanmar

    • Pakistan

    • India

    • Sri Lanka

    • Nepal

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Occurrence of Disasterscontd.

  • Earthquakes

    • 70% of the earthquakes are reported from this zone

      • Japan – Once in every 10 years

      • China- 28th July 1976 caused 240,000 deaths

      • Philippines- Average 5 earthquakes per day

      • India – Pacific ocean seismic zone or Indian ocean seismic Zone.

      • Nepal,

      • Afghanistan,

      • Iran

      • Pacific Islands

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Occurrence of Disasterscontd.

  • Tsunami

    • 1883 disastrous Krakatowa volcanic eruption caused 36,000 deaths

    • 17th August 1976, Moro gulf in Philippines caused 8000 deaths (ESCAP,1995)

    • 26th December, 2004 more than 2 million deaths

    • Japan, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Maldives, Sri Lanka , Thailand etc.. are the some of the badly affected countries in the Asia pacific Region

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Disaster Mitigation Methods

  • Education

  • Training

  • Development of expertise

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Applications of Information Technology in Disaster Management

  • GIS

  • Remote Sensing

  • Early Warning Systems

  • Internet (Victims and missing persons tracking through the internet)

  • National data bases

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Role of ‘Sahana’ in Management

Disaster Management

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