C o n s o l e s
Download
1 / 28

Consoles ppt. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 397 Views
  • Uploaded on

C o n s o l e s (Swell little helpers) Neve Console at Ocean Way, Nashville Consoles are used in all three stages of multi-track recording Tracking Initial recording of basic instruments Overdubbing Adding additional recorded tracks to existing recorded tracks Mixing

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Consoles ppt.' - JasminFlorian


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
C o n s o l e s l.jpg

C o n s o l e s

(Swell little helpers)

Neve Console at Ocean Way, Nashville


Consoles are used in all three stages of multi track recording l.jpg
Consoles are used in all three stages of multi-track recording

  • Tracking

    • Initial recording of basic instruments

  • Overdubbing

    • Adding additional recorded tracks to existing recorded tracks

  • Mixing

    • Combining all of the recorded tracks into a final product (usually a stereo master)


Multi track recording l.jpg
Multi-track Recording

  • Developed and popularized by Les Paul in the 1950s

  • Allowed the recording of individual instruments on isolated tracks

  • Necessitated a device to control the processes of amplifying, balancing, processing, and mixing incoming signals and then routing them to a destination


3 basic console systems l.jpg
3 BASIC CONSOLE SYSTEMS

  • INPUT: AMPLIFIES THE INCOMING SIGNAL AND ROUTES IT TO THE OUTPUT AND MONITOR SECTIONS

  • OUTPUT: ROUTES A SIGNAL TO A RECORDER OR MASTER CONTROL

  • MONITOR: CONTROLS WHAT IS HEARD FROM THE SPEAKERS AND THE HEADPHONES


Signal flow l.jpg
SIGNAL FLOW

The path a signal takes to its destination

Start

Finish


I o module l.jpg
I/O MODULE

  • SIGNAL FLOW FOR EACH INPUT OF A MODERN CONSOLE FOLLOWS VERTICALLY DOWN A PLUG-IN STRIP KNOWN AS AN INPUT-OUTPUT MODULE (I/0)

  • The I/O MODULE CONTAINS MOST OF THE CIRCUITRY FOR EACH CHANNEL

  • THE I/O CAN BE REMOVED FOR MAINTENANCE


Console signal flow l.jpg
Console Signal Flow

  • The signal first encounters the trim (a potentiometer) which allows the engineer to determine if all of the signal’s energy or just part of it is allowed to enter the input section


Console signal flow8 l.jpg
Console Signal Flow

  • Next, the signal is routed to a device that boosts the energy level of the incoming signal. This device is called a pre-amp.


Console signal flow9 l.jpg

Line Level: Higher in energy and comes from such sources as amplifiers, synthesizers, etc.

Mic Level: Lower in energy and comes from sources such as micro-phones (duh)

Console Signal Flow

Incoming signal levels are:


Console signal flow10 l.jpg

Potentiometer

Console Signal Flow

Pre-amp needs a device to control its output level:


Console signal flow11 l.jpg

EQ Section

Console Signal Flow

After the signal leaves the Pre-amp’s potentiometer it travels vertically to the:


Eq section l.jpg

TIMBRE

EQ Section

Alters the frequency/amplitude response pattern

Changes


Equalization l.jpg
Equalization

Bell Curve or Peaking Curve EQ

The process of modifying the frequency amplitude response pattern by boosting or attenuating individual frequencies


Equalization14 l.jpg
Equalization

Shelving EQ

The equalization curve flattens out onto a plateau or a “shelf”


Console signal flow15 l.jpg
Console Signal Flow

  • Next, the signal is routed to a network that combines the signals. This network is called the bus.

This is where the signal which was previously traveling vertically along each channel strip (the I/O) now begins to travel horizontally across the board


Console signal flow16 l.jpg
Console Signal Flow

  • Now the signal is routed in several possible directions.

One direction to a multi-track recorder

Another is to an auxiliary send

or an insert point


Auxiliary send l.jpg
Auxiliary Send

  • Aux send routes a signal to a processor (usually a reverb or delay unit)

Auxiliary Return

  • Aux return brings the signal back to the console to a section labeled “aux returns”


Insert point l.jpg
Insert Point

  • An insert point is used to deliver a signal to a processor such as a compressor or an external equalizer or pre-amp; and then return the signal to the exact point where is left the console


Aux send vs insert point l.jpg
Aux Send vs. Insert Point

  • Any number of signals can be routed through an aux send, but an insert point can accommodate only one signal

  • Aux returns are generally mixed with the original signals, while insert point signals replace the original


Monitor system l.jpg
Monitor System

  • Controls what is heard from the speakers and headphones

  • Allows us to hear signals that are processed without having to record those effects which, in turn, allows us to add all of our processing during the mixing stage


Other console features l.jpg
Other Console Features

  • Channel Assignment Section: Allows a channel to be routed to any track of the multi-track recorder

  • Solo: a function which removes all other channels from the mix

  • Mute: a function which removes a single channel from the mix


Other console features22 l.jpg
Other Console Features

  • Pan: Positions the sound in the right-left stereo mix

  • Pad: A function which lowers the energy level of a signal

  • Talkback: A function which allows those at the console to talk to those in the performance area


Other console features23 l.jpg
Other Console Features

  • Oscillator: Tone generator for creating standardized tones

  • Phantom Power: A power generator that services capacitor mics

  • Speaker Select: A function which allows different sets of speakers to be used


Other console features24 l.jpg
Other Console Features

  • Meter Bridge: The structure that holds the meters

  • Cue: Function that routes a signal from an input channel to the headphone system

A 32 x 8 x 24 console has:

32 inputs

8 bus channels

24 outputs


Meters measure the energy level of signals l.jpg

Meter Displays

Needle

LED

Light

Gas Plasma

Etc.

Metering Types

VU

Peak

Peak & Hold

Headroom

Meters measure the energy level of signals

VU Meters

Needle

LED


Slide26 l.jpg
Patch Bay: A panel that contains a connector that corresponds to the input and output of different components in the control room

  • Normal connections – completely redirect the signal

  • ½ Normal connections – direct the signal along a secondary path but still maintain the original path

Break Normal - interrupting signal flow by inserting a plug into a normal connection


Console automation l.jpg
Console Automation

  • Depended on the invention of the VCA

  • Stores the voltage amounts from the VCA, and then during playback uses the stored numbers to control the VCA

  • Modern automation can store virtually every parameter on the console

  • Modern automation = servo-driven or “flying faders”


Console automation28 l.jpg
Console Automation

  • Write – Information is stored (in word processing corresponds to “save”)

  • Read – Information is retrieved (in word processing corresponds to “open”)

  • Update – Information is modified to include changes (in word processing corresponds to “re-save”)


ad