Birth and physical development
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Chapter 4. Birth and Physical Development. Birth. Preparing for Childbirth. Psychoprophylactic Method encouraged women to relax and concentrate on breathing during contractions. Natural Childbirth Obstetrician. Birthing Accommodations. Midwifery Birthing Rooms Rooming in

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Birth and Physical Development

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Chapter 4

Birth and Physical Development


Birth


Preparing for Childbirth

  • Psychoprophylactic Method encouraged women to relax and concentrate on breathing during contractions.

  • Natural Childbirth

  • Obstetrician


Birthing Accommodations

  • Midwifery

  • Birthing Rooms

  • Rooming in

  • Birthing Centers


Stages of the Birth Process

  • Birth

  • Lightening

  • Labor

  • Delivery

  • Crowning

  • Neonate

  • Afterbirth


The Baby’s Birth Experience

  • Leboyer

  • Electronic Fetal Monitoring

  • Newborn Appearance

  • The Apgar Test

  • Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale


Parent-Infant Bonding

  • Process of interaction and mutual attention that occurs over time and builds an emotional bond.

  • Maternal bonding

  • Paternal bonding


Complications of Pregnancy and Birth

  • Caesarian section delivery

  • Placenta praevia

  • Breech or transverse presentation


At-Risk Infants

  • Premature infants and small-for-term infants

  • Postmature infants

  • Babies born with drug exposure

  • Babies born with HIV

  • Babies with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

  • Babies with prenatal exposure to chemical toxicants


Support for Babies with Disorders

  • Public Law 99-457: Early Intervention Services for Infants Born at Risk

  • Infant Mortality:

  • Stillbirth


Postpartum Experience for Mom and Dad

  • Postpartum period: lasts several weeks.

  • Postpartum depression (PPD)


Development of Basic Competencies


Newborn States

  • Peter H. Wolff’s states

  • Reflexes

  • Sleeping

  • SIDS


Crying

  • The Language of Crying

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

  • Soothing the Infant


Feeding

  • On-Demand Feeding

  • Breast-Feeding

  • Formula (Bottle) Feeding

  • Additional Cautions Regarding Nutrition

  • Graduating to “Regular” Foods


Brain Growth and Development

  • Norms

  • Difference in rate of maturation

  • Similarity in sequence of developmental change


The Rate of Growth of Key Systems and the Brain


The Newborn and Brain Development

  • Diagnostics and Imaging

  • Environmental Stimulation Factor

  • Principles of Development

  • Cephalocaudal

  • Proximodistal


Motor Development

  • Rhythmic Behaviors

  • Locomotion

  • Manual Skills


Sensory Development

  • Vision

    • Visual Constancy

    • Depth Perception

    • Perception of Form

  • Hearing

  • Taste and Smell

  • Cutaneous Senses

    • Circumcision

  • Interconnections Among the Senses


Perception of the Human Face


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