A Universal Medication Schedule to promote patient understanding and use. Michael Wolf, PhD MPH Northwestern University Terry Davis, PhD Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport Ruth Parker, MD Emory University Will Shrank, MD Harvard Medical School . Acknowledgements.
Michael Wolf, PhD MPH
Terry Davis, PhD
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport
Ruth Parker, MD
Will Shrank, MD
Harvard Medical School
Wolf, et al. Ann Intern Med 2006
Davis, et al., J Gen Intern Med, 2006
< 10% read them
Wolf, et al. Am J Health Sys Pharm, 2006
Value in Standardization!
Rx #: 1234567 9/8/2009
Do not drink alcoholic beverages while taking this medicine
You have 11 refills
Take for Diabetes
Discard after 9/8/2010
Carry or wear medical identification stating you are taking this medicine
Provider: RUTH PARKER, MD
Emory Medical Center
2 pills in the morning
2 pills in the evening
You should avoid prolonged or excessive exposure to direct and/or artificial sunlight while taking this medicine
Pharmacy: NoVA ScriptsCentral
11445 Sunset Blvd.
NDC # 1234567
(ARR 2.00, 95% CI 1.44-2.42, p<0.001)
Patients with low literacy skills reported only (N=101)
Objective: to test the effectiveness of the evidence-based,
enhanced prescription drug container label design to improve
patients’ understanding of instructions for use.
2. Adherence (self-report, pill count, refill data)
3. HBA1C/Blood Pressure
- patients navigating multiple pharmacies for meds
- current pharmacy software (PDX) has significant limitations
i) hard coding of ‘sig’ font and size
ii) position of sig, indication, etc.
iii) emphasis options
iv) auxiliary warnings
- supplement in
- California Endowment grant