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Heart Disease & Stroke: Patient Education PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Health education and promotion on adult ,and pediatric heart disease, and stroke.

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Heart Disease & Stroke: Patient Education

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Heart disease stroke patient education l.jpg

Heart Disease & Stroke: Patient Education

Team Jupiter

Ralph Quinones RN

Karen Roy RN

NRS434

Grand Canyon University


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Healthy People 2010 Heart Disease & Stroke Goal

Improve cardiovascular health and quality of life through the prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors; early identification and treatment of heart attacks and strokes; and prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events.

(CDC & NIH, 2000)


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Preventing Heart Disease Throughout Life

  • Stop smoking & limit second-hand exposure

  • Control your blood pressure

  • Check your cholesterol

  • Keep diabetes under control

  • Get moving & exercise

  • Eat healthy foods

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Manage stress

  • Practice good hygiene habits

    (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)


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Preventing Stroke Throughout Life

  • Control high blood pressure (hypertension).

  • Lower your cholesterol and saturated fat intake

  • Don't smoke & limit second-hand exposure

  • Control diabetes

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Exercise regularly

  • Manage stress

  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all

    (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)


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Pediatric Heart Disease

Pediatrics can develop heart diseases. These include:

  • Arrhythmias

  • Cardiomyopathies

  • Kawasaki disease

  • Rheumatic fever

  • Familial hypercholesterolemia

  • Myocarditis

    (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)


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Pediatric Strokes

Pediatric strokes are more often caused by:

  • Birth defects

  • Infections (meningitis, encephalitis)

  • Trauma

  • Blood disorders such as sickle cell disease.

    (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)


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Prevalence of heart attacks for persons aged 20 years and older in the U.S. (CDC & NIH, 2000)


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Prevalence of stroke for persons aged 20 years and older in the U.S.

(CDC & NIH, 2000)


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Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

Know when to get help:

  • Pressure, fullness, squeezing in the center of the chest

  • Pain or numbness that spreads to the shoulders, neck, or arms

  • Chest discomfort, lightheadedness

  • Fainting, sweating, nausea, or shortness of breath.

  • Unexplained anxiety, weakness or fatigue

  • Palpitations, cold sweats, paleness

    Do not ignore warning signs of a heart attack. Call 9-1-1 immediately (Do not ignore, n.d.).


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Small Vessel Disease(Mayo Clinic n.d.)


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Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke (Cerebral Vascular Accident)

Know when to get help:

  • Transient Ischemic Attacks often precede stroke.

  • Unilateral numbness, weakness, paralysis

  • Sudden blurred vision

  • Sudden confusion, difficulty speaking or comprehending simple statements

  • Loss of balance, coordination, dizziness

  • Severe, unexplained, localized headache with rapid onset.

    Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience symptoms! (American Heart Association n.d.)


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Ischemic stroke (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)


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Know Your Family Medical History

  • Individuals with a family history of heart disease and stroke, should be referred to medical care systems to determine the most appropriate screening and preventive measures.

  • Talk to your healthcare provider about your family health history to make a personalized plan to maintain your health.


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Community & Web-Site Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  • http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/

    United States Food and Drug Administration

  • http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2005/205_stroke.html

    Local Chapter of American Heart Association

  • http://www.americanheart.org

    Local Chapter of National Stroke Association

  • http://www.stroke.org


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References

American Heart Association (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://www.aha.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3032226

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention & National Institutes of Health. (2000). Healthy People 2010: 12 Heart Disease and Stroke [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/Document/HTML/Volume1/12Heart.htm

Department of Health and Human Sciences, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention (Producer). (2009). Our Mission [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gv/dhdsp/

Do not ignore. . .(n.d.) Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://checksutterfirst.org/heartandvascular/conditions/mi.cfm

Heart Attack (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://cardiologychannel.com/heartattack/treatment.shtml

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Heart Disease. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-disease/DS01120

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Stroke. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stroke/DS00150

Some strokes are . . .(n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://www.johnmuirhealth.com/index.php/neurosciences6.html


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