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Who Wants to be an Archaeologist?. Archaeology is scientific . Archaeology is mysterious . Archaeology is exciting . Archaeology is challenging . What is archeology?. the study of past human cultures by analyzing the material remains (sites and artifacts) that people left behind. .

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Who Wants to be an Archaeologist?

Archaeology is scientific.

Archaeology is mysterious.

Archaeology is exciting.

Archaeology is challenging.


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What is archeology?

  • the study of past human cultures by analyzing the material remains (sites and artifacts) that people left behind.


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What is an archeologist?

  • They are like detectives!

  • They discover things in the ground that give us clues to the past


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How do archaeologists study the past?

  • They dig into the ground to find artifacts

  • Digging into the ground to uncover artifacts is called excavation

  • Artifacts are objects found in the ground that give clues to the past

  • Over 500,000 artifacts were found at the site of Jamestown


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Archeological Digging

  • Archeologists lay out a grid system of squares so that they can record where they found each artifact


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Excavation: Diggin’ Deep!

  • Digging into the ground to uncover artifacts is called excavation

  • Excavation destroys an archeological place, so archeologists are very careful about how and where they dig.


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What do they do once they find artifacts?

  • They record where and when they found it

  • They photograph the artifact

  • Artifacts are washed, numbered, catalogued into a computer, and carefully stored


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Artifacts

  • Archaeologists rarely find whole objects buried in the ground.

  • Archaeologists usually uncover broken pieces of pottery and glass, among many other objects. 

  • Archeology is like a big puzzle!


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How else do archeologists study the past?

Artifacts

Ancient writing (ex. Hieroglyphics)

Primary sources, Records, Maps

Soil stains

Excavating ruins

Stratigraphy