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1. Dr. Sompad Srikosamatara 2. Dr. Chution Savini 3. Ms. Kumiko Nakazono 4. Dr. Robert Steinmetz 5. Mr. Udom Likhitwonnawut 6. Mr. Vichien Kerdsuk 7. Mr.Yongyut Trisurat 8. Ms. Somying Soontornwong 9. Mr. Tanachai Erawan 10. Ms. Kantinan Peawsa 11. Dr. Rungnapar Pattanavibool.

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Group 4 wefcom kkfcom location roberto l.jpg

1. Dr. Sompad Srikosamatara

2. Dr. Chution Savini

3. Ms. Kumiko Nakazono

4. Dr. Robert Steinmetz

5. Mr. Udom Likhitwonnawut

6. Mr. Vichien Kerdsuk

7. Mr.Yongyut Trisurat

8. Ms. Somying Soontornwong

9. Mr. Tanachai Erawan

10. Ms. Kantinan Peawsa

11. Dr. Rungnapar Pattanavibool

Facilitators:

1. Dr. William Schaedla

2. Mr. Cayetano Casado

3. Mr. Ratthapon Pitakthepsombat

Group 4: WEFCOM & KKFCOMLocation: Roberto



Session 1a biodiversity values habitats l.jpg
Session 1A: Biodiversity values: Habitats

  • Largest intact mixed deciduous dipterocarp forest (2)

  • Cross-roads for 4 biogeographic zones (1)

    • Malayan/Sundaic

    • Himalayan

    • Indo-Burmese

    • Indo-Chinese

  • Karst Habitat (caves, local springs) (3)

  • Peat swamp


  • S 1a biod values species l.jpg
    S 1A- Biod Values: Species

    • For WEFCOM – BCI and KKFC

      • Tiger (1)

      • Elephant

      • Wild Water Buffalo

      • Bantaeng Gaur

      • Tapir

      • Rufousneck Hornbill

      • Many new plant species discovered

      • Soft Shell turtles

    • For WEFCOM

      • More than 490 bird species

      • Cave Endemism (Fish, bats, arthropods)

      • Sympatric species (Intact Mammal assemblage) (2)

    • For KKFC

      • More than 600 bird species

      • Siamese Crocodile (3)

      • Sympatric species (Intact Mammal assemblage) (2)


    S 1a biod values ecosystem services l.jpg
    S 1A- Biod values – Ecosystem services

    • Intact watersheds (a fifth of thai watersheds) (WEFCOM and KKFC) (1)

      • Irrigation

    • Bats (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

      • Pest control

      • Pollination

    • Economic/Recreational/Tourism (3)

      • Local (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

      • International (WEFCOME-KKFC)

    • Cultural/Religion (BCI)

    • Livelihood/Agroforestry/NTFP (BCI)

    • Cultural diversity/Preservation of endangered cultures (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • Carbon Sequestration (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC) (2)

    • Pollination (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • Seed dispersal (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • Genetic bank (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)


    Session 1b non climate changes l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Economic corridor

      • Increased roads and other infrastructure

      • Affects specially WEFCOM

      • Uncertain support post-ADB

  • Lack of conservation awareness influences policy

    • Especially local level

  • Road Infrastructure

    • North south (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • East West (BCI – WEFCOM)

    • Still in planning stage

    • If come true many impacts associated to them (land conversion etc)


  • Session 1b non climate changes7 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Hydropower plans (existing and panned)

    • Gas pipes (existing and planned)

    • Land conversion associated to agriculture

      • Biofuel (oil palm, sugar, corn)

      • Cash Crops (corn, sugar cane, pineapple)

      • Commercial plantations (rubber, teak)

      • Subsistence not so problematic

      • Affects all 3 areas but specially BCI

  • Land conversion associated to mining

    • Illegal and Legal


  • Session 1b non climate changes8 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Land conversion associated to recreational development and tourism sprawl

      • Resorts (BCI)

      • Golf courses (BCI)

      • River related (rafts) (WEFCOM – KKFC)

      • 4-wheeling (WEFCOM – KKFC)

  • Migration

    • Burmese migrants pass through the area

    • Domestic migrants move to the area

  • Forced Settlement

    • Refugee camps


  • Session 1b non climate changes9 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Carrying Capacity

      • Uncontrolled increase in the number of visitors

        • Management capacity

        • Management policies

        • Waster management

      • Lack of parity between park management and poachers

        • Poachers have more resources

      • Limited resources at park disposal

  • Lack of integrated planning and practice (3 areas)

  • Water over-extraction and pollution

    • Agriculture


  • Session 1b non climate changes10 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Transboundary Issues

      • Commercial Poaching

      • Trafficking (timber and wildlife)

      • Domestic cattle moves across borders

      • Elephant smuggling

      • Elephant trapping

  • Fires

  • Chemical Effects

    • Insects

    • Plants

    • Vertebrates

  • Human wildlife conflict

    • Elephant

    • Tigers


  • Session 2 bio indicators of climate change l.jpg
    Session 2 – Bio indicators of climate change

    • Forest complexity

      • Relative composition (due to changes in tree cycles)

    • Timing of masting/seed

      • Dipterocarp/Teak

      • These events are essential but not easy to follow as they are 1-off events

    • Farmer change practices and dates (*)

      • Local people unable to synch their agricultural practices (i.e. field preparation

      • Already happened to Karen

    • Human-wildlife conflict frequency

    • Human migration

    • Increase in number of pest and disease outbreaks

    • Desertification


    Session 2 bio indicators of climate change12 l.jpg
    Session 2 – Bio indicators of climate change

    • Water limitation

      • Large animals that require watering holes unable to live there (*)

        • Elephants

        • Other species that need water

      • Insects (Cicaida) – careful as their presence may vary due to other factors

    • Fruit eating birds – change foraging sites

    • Bees

      • Placements of the hives (in western Thailand, some trees host most of the hives) (*)

      • As orchids and briophites (very sensitive to water) change position bees will too.

    • Extent of fire penetration and recurrence

    • Pandan distribution


    Session 1a biodiversity values habitats13 l.jpg
    Session 1A: Biodiversity values: Habitats

    • Largest intact mixed deciduous dipterocarp forest (2)

    • Cross-roads for 4 biogeographic zones (1)

      • Malayan/Sundaic

      • Himalayan

      • Indo-Burmese

      • Indo-Chinese

  • Karst Habitat (caves, local springs) (3)

  • Peat swamp


  • S 1a biod values species14 l.jpg
    S 1A- Biod Values: Species

    • For WEFCOM – BCI and KKFC

      • Tiger (1)

      • Elephant

      • Wild Water Buffalo

      • Bantaeng Gaur

      • Tapir

      • Rufousneck Hornbill

      • Many new plant species discovered

      • Soft Shell turtles

    • For WEFCOM

      • More than 490 bird species

      • Cave Endemism (Fish, bats, arthropods)

      • Sympatric species (Intact Mammal assemblage) (2)

    • For KKFC

      • More than 600 bird species

      • Siamese Crocodile (3)

      • Sympatric species (Intact Mammal assemblage) (2)


    S 1a biod values ecosystem services15 l.jpg
    S 1A- Biod values – Ecosystem services

    • Intact watersheds (a fifth of thai watersheds) (WEFCOM and KKFC) (1)

      • Irrigation

    • Bats (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

      • Pest control

      • Pollination

    • Economic/Recreational/Tourism (3)

      • Local (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

      • International (WEFCOME-KKFC)

    • Cultural/Religion (BCI)

    • Livelihood/Agroforestry/NTFP (BCI)

    • Cultural diversity/Preservation of endangered cultures (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • Carbon Sequestration (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC) (2)

    • Pollination (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • Seed dispersal (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • Genetic bank (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)


    Session 1b non climate changes16 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Economic corridor

      • Increased roads and other infrastructure

      • Affects specially WEFCOM

      • Uncertain support post-ADB

  • Lack of conservation awareness influences policy

    • Especially local level

  • Road Infrastructure

    • North south (WEFCOM-BCI-KKFC)

    • East West (BCI – WEFCOM)

    • Still in planning stage

    • If come true many impacts associated to them (land conversion etc)


  • Session 1b non climate changes17 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Hydropower plans (existing and panned)

    • Gas pipes (existing and planned)

    • Land conversion associated to agriculture

      • Biofuel (oil palm, sugar, corn)

      • Cash Crops (corn, sugar cane, pineapple)

      • Commercial plantations (rubber, teak)

      • Subsistence not so problematic

      • Affects all 3 areas but specially BCI

  • Land conversion associated to mining

    • Illegal and Legal


  • Session 1b non climate changes18 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Land conversion associated to recreational development and tourism sprawl

      • Resorts (BCI)

      • Golf courses (BCI)

      • River related (rafts) (WEFCOM – KKFC)

      • 4-wheeling (WEFCOM – KKFC)

  • Migration

    • Burmese migrants pass through the area

    • Domestic migrants move to the area

  • Forced Settlement

    • Refugee camps


  • Session 1b non climate changes19 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Carrying Capacity

      • Uncontrolled increase in the number of visitors

        • Management capacity

        • Management policies

        • Waster management

      • Lack of parity between park management and poachers

        • Poachers have more resources

      • Limited resources at park disposal

  • Lack of integrated planning and practice (3 areas)

  • Water over-extraction and pollution

    • Agriculture


  • Session 1b non climate changes20 l.jpg
    Session 1B- Non-climate changes

    • Transboundary Issues

      • Commercial Poaching

      • Trafficking (timber and wildlife)

      • Domestic cattle moves across borders

      • Elephant smuggling

      • Elephant trapping

  • Fires

  • Chemical Effects

    • Insects

    • Plants

    • Vertebrates

  • Human wildlife conflict

    • Elephant

    • Tigers


  • Session 2 bio indicators of climate change21 l.jpg
    Session 2 – Bio indicators of climate change

    • Forest complexity

      • Relative composition (due to changes in tree cycles)

    • Timing of masting/seed

      • Dipterocarp/Teak

      • These events are essential but not easy to follow as they are 1-off events

    • Farmer change practices and dates (*)

      • Local people unable to synch their agricultural practices (i.e. field preparation

      • Already happened to Karen

    • Human-wildlife conflict frequency

    • Human migration

    • Increase in number of pest and disease outbreaks

    • Desertification


    Session 2 bio indicators of climate change22 l.jpg
    Session 2 – Bio indicators of climate change

    • Water limitation

      • Large animals that require watering holes unable to live there (*)

        • Elephants

        • Other species that need water

      • Insects (Cicaida) – careful as their presence may vary due to other factors

    • Fruit eating birds – change foraging sites

    • Bees

      • Placements of the hives (in western Thailand, some trees host most of the hives) (*)

      • As orchids and briophites (very sensitive to water) change position bees will too.

    • Extent of fire penetration and recurrence

    • Pandan distribution


    Adaptation options l.jpg
    Adaptation Options

    • Compile existing local information

      • Identify adaptation best practices

      • Local people collect info

        • Simple method

        • Collection incorporated into routine activities

      • Feed information into national database for analysis

      • After analysis feedback to the local people

  • Find mechanisms for exchanging information

    • Practical (Further than talking)

  • Develop/Implement models for climate change

    • Identify communities and areas likely to be more affected

    • Identify key animal and plant species for climate change monitoring


  • Adaptation options24 l.jpg
    Adaptation Options

    • Identify existing development plans

      • Link data into national planning

  • Identify successful models under implementation

  • Assemble strong national committee

    • Identify champions

    • Needs to link down to the ground

      • Subcommittees / working groups

  • Planning needs to link regional, national and local dimensions

    • Multi-stakeholder representation needed

      • Local people (including ethnic minorities)

      • Local administration bodies

      • Conservation authorities

      • Military


  • Needed knowledge holders not present here l.jpg
    Needed Knowledge holders (not present here)

    CSTAR

    BRT (Biodiversity Reaearch Training)

    IKAP (Indigenous Knowledge…)

    IMPECT (Intermountain people education culture thai)

    ONEP (Office of Natural resources and environmental planning)

    CJF (Climate justice forum, Thailand)

    Sueb Foudnation

    Terra

    Community Forest Assembly

    KMUTT

    OXFAM

    CODI (Community organization development institute)

    TEI (Thailand environment institute

    Western Forest conservation group

    Mahidol Univ – Kanchanaburi

    Local Schools

    Kanchanaburi conservation group


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