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Today. Papua New Guinea & the Pacific realm (Oceania). Announcements. Second papers due Friday! None accepted after 5 PM Friday No emailed papers accepted Stapled, please Final Exam 12 noon Monday here Review session 7 PM, 220 Saunders. Last Time. Australia & New Zealand

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Today

  • Papua New Guinea & the Pacific realm (Oceania)


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Announcements

  • Second papers due Friday!

    • None accepted after 5 PM Friday

    • No emailed papers accepted

    • Stapled, please

  • Final Exam 12 noon Monday here

    • Review session 7 PM, 220 Saunders


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Last Time

  • Australia & New Zealand

    • Physical Geography

    • Population and density issues

    • Historical, economic, and cultural

    • Immigration and Maori & Aboriginal rights


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Papua New Guinea & Oceania I

  • Size, location, and etc

    • Micro states (thousands of islands and many states)

    • Spread over thousands of miles of the Pacific

    • Pacific ~ a hemisphere it self virtually ½ the globe

    • Total land area is small

      • Islands <4 x NC

      • Total area ~ 18x NC

    • Small pop

      • Total ~ = NC; > 1/2 in Papua New Guinea


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Papua New Guinea & Oceania II

  • Physical geography

    • Tropical/equatorial wet (AF - AM) or tropical wet/dry climates (Am)

    • Aside from New Guinea, 2 island types “high” and “low” (i.e., volcanic mountainous islands or low coral reef islands)

    • Papua New Guinea has large mtn. range




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Original settlement & Colonial past

  • Initial settlement

    • Over 3000 yrs from 2500 BC

  • European voyages of “discovery”

    • 1600s – 1700s

  • Complex colonial histories for most

  • Many still colonial possessions

    • France

    • USA


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International Law of the Sea

  • Territorial waters vs “high seas”

    • For most = 12 miles

      • Used to be “cannon shot” distance ~ 3 miles

  • Exclusive Economic Zones

    • 200 miles or width of the continental shelf (whichever is larger) from shore

    • Thus an tiny atoll can claim economic rights (minerals & fishing etc.) to an area 200 miles across (166,000 sq mi)



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Melanesia

  • Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji

    • Some ethnic and linguistic commonality but hundreds of languages

    • Papua New Guinea

    • New Caledonia

    • Fiji



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Micronesia

  • Mostly micro-sized low islands

  • Former UN sponsored USA trust area from former Japanese holdings from WWI

  • Marshall Islands

    • Open air H-bomb nuclear tests in 1950s

    • Bikini: the article of clothing got its name from the island in the 1950s when the H-bomb tests occurred there

    • Much USA aid


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Micronesia

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    • Commonwealth of USA (like Puerto Rico)

    • Large clothing industry using Chinese labor (“made in USA”)

  • Guam

    • USA territory

    • Large US military presence

    • Similar “made in USA” clothing industry


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Polynesia

  • Hawaii to N. New Zealand

    • Samoa, Tahiti, Hawaii, etc.

    • Amazingly wide spread culture

    • Tourism is main industry


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