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SOWA and Bocce: Let's Get The Ball Rolling!. Peter Di Turi Salvatore Cascone Auburn Bocce Club. Questions to Answer Today. What is the game of bocce? What is the history of bocce? What are the rules of bocce? Where is bocce played In the world? In the Pacific Northwest?

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SOWA and Bocce: Let's Get The Ball Rolling!

Peter Di Turi

Salvatore Cascone

Auburn Bocce Club


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Questions to Answer Today

  • What is the game of bocce?

  • What is the history of bocce?

  • What are the rules of bocce?

  • Where is bocce played

    • In the world?

    • In the Pacific Northwest?

  • Who plays bocce?


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    What is the game of bocce?

    • “Bocce” is pronounced BAH-chee (English) or BOH-chay (Italian)

    • Worldwide called “Boccia” (BOH-cha)

    • One of the earliest ball rolling games in history

    • 2nd most-played game in world


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    What is the game of bocce?

    • A game of skill (and some luck)

    • A non-contact sport

    • A low-impact means of exercise

    • A game for fun or competition

    • A game for young and old, with and without disabilities

    • A way to bring people TOGETHER


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    Other games with bocce elements

    • Lawn bowling

    • Boules

    • Petanque

    • Shuffleboard

    • Curling

    • Bowling

    • Golf


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    Questions to Answer Today

    • What is the game of bocce?

    • What is the history of bocce?

    • What are the rules of bocce?

    • Where is bocce played

      • In the world?

      • In the Pacific Northwest?

  • Who plays bocce?


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    The History of Bocce

    • Originated in Egypt, 5200 B.C.

    • Revived in Greece, 600 B.C.

    • Played in Punic Wars, 264 B.C.

      • Games played by soldiers to 21 points

    • Lost favor upon fall of Roman Empire and in Middle Ages

    • Charles IV banned it in 1319 due to the greater need for archery for war


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    The History of Bocce

    • Bocce became the game of kings and nobility but not for commoners

    • During Renaissance, French hospices called it the cure for rheumatism

    • Sailors to New World played bocce on shipdecks with balls of rope

    • First court in America (NYC) in 1733

    • Early 20th century Italian immigrants to USA brought the game with them


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    The History of Bocce

    • 1st Bocce League (Torino) – 1946

    • 1st World Bocce Championships (Geneva) – 1947

    • 1st time in US Paralympics (Albany) – 1984

    • 1st unified world organization – 1986


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    The History of Bocce

    • 1st time in International Special Olympics (New Haven) - 1995

    • Nearly became demonstration sport for Summer Olympics (Sydney) - 2000

    • 1st 4-court public bocce facility in Pacific Northwest (Auburn) - 2003

    • 1st time in World Paralympic Games (Beijing) – 09/07/2008!


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    Questions to Answer Today

    • What is the game of bocce?

    • What is the history of bocce?

    • What are the rules of bocce?

    • Where is bocce played

      • In the world?

      • In the Pacific Northwest?

  • Who plays bocce?


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    The Basic Rules of Bocce

    • The Resources Needed

      • Played in singles, doubles, quads (2x2)

      • 1 white or yellow 1½” diameter ball, called the pallina (pah-LEE-nah), or jack

      • 4 red/green 3” diameter wood, plastic or steel balls (often called Bocce)

      • Tape measure/telescoping wand

      • Scorekeeping materials

    • The Object

      • Roll all balls of a color closest to the pallina to score points


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • The bocce

      • Cheap bocce sets < $50 are usually not tournament play

      • Bocce need to be evenly weighted and not be too large or too small

      • Bocce balls are heavy and dense, and can hurt if misused

      • Recommend play limited to age 10 or older, age 13 without supervision


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • The court

      • generally accepted: 80’ long x 12’ wide

      • open (flour lines, markers, ribbon, rope) OR closed (wood/concrete walls)

      • must be frictional surface (grass, dirt, clay, ground oyster shells, FieldTurf, carpet)

      • must be flat and free of debris that would impede or change roll or throw direction

      • Foul lines, mid-court line and court side/end lines (if open) must be clear

      • Play rotates from each end of court


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    A Typical Court Layout

    100’

    90’

    Court 4

    Court 4

    12’

    Court 3

    Referee/Media Area

    6’

    66’

    Court 2

    Court 1

    Picnic/Spectator Area

    10’


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • Three types of Bocce throws:

      • Punto (POON-toe) – roll bocce as close to pallina as possible

      • Raffa (RAH-fa) – roll bocce to displace opponent’s bocce/pallina

      • Volo (VOH-lo) – THROW bocce to displace opponent’s bocce/pallina

    • International play: call the shot

    • Most tournament games are “open” throws - rules are not as exacting


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • How play goes:

      • Determine starting direction, color choice and first toss of the first frame

      • Pallina is tossed first, must go over foul line, must not hit back wall, must be 12” from side wall at rest

      • Pallinatosser also tosses first bocce

      • All bocce must go over foul line, must not hit back wall without hitting another bocce or pallina


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • How play goes (part 2):

      • Color that is closest to pallina has the “point”, or advantage

      • Color isn’t closest to pallina must throw until it gets closer or it runs out of bocce

      • Punto, Raffa, Volo throws may be used for bocce as appropriate and/or legal

      • Bocce thrown out or knocked out of play or not over foul line cannot be considered for scoring


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • How play goes (part 3):

      • After all bocce have been thrown, a frame has been completed

      • A point is given to the color which has the “point”, and for each bocce of the same color that is closer than bocce of the other color

      • Only one color gets points in a frame

      • A new frame starts from the other end with the color with the “point” having the first toss of pallina and bocce

      • Play continues to N points to win a game


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • Variant rules depending upon league or competition level

      • 8-21 points required to win a game

      • Play a set number of frames and use OT frames and/or rolloffs to end ties

      • Balls short of center line are in play

      • No Volo shots (over center line)

      • Raffa shots can have 3-step approach

      • Shots don’t need to be called

      • A bocce touching pallina is 2 points

      • Pallina toss can be 0-6” from the side

      • All balls must be rolled to finish a match

      • Throwing wrong color can be foul or lost points


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • A simple game with lots of tactics

      • knowing your skills

      • knowing your partner’s skills

      • knowing your opponent’s skills

      • knowing the court

      • knowing the bocce

      • adjusting to conditions

    • In any game, even the best can have a bad day, and the worst can have the best day.


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    The Rules of Bocce

    • Organizations Supporting Bocce Rules

      • Order of the Sons of Italy in America (1905)

        • Rules not unified

      • United States Bocce Federation (1976)

        • www.bocce.com/openrules.htm

      • Conf. Mondiale Sports Boules (1986)

        • Coalition of 2 world groups that officially support bocce, boules, lawn bowling, petanque

      • International Special Olympics (1995)

        • www.specialolympics.org


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    Questions to Answer Today

    • What is the game of bocce?

    • What is the history of bocce?

    • What are the rules of bocce?

    • Where is bocce played

      • In the world?

      • In the Pacific Northwest?

  • Who plays bocce?


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    Where Bocce Is Played

    • Worldwide: Played in 160 countries (102 of them with Special Olympics teams)

    • Dominant in US cities with populations very rich in Italian history, ancestry and/or culture

      New York Boston Chicago

      Philadelphia Baltimore Miami

      Los Angeles Detroit San Francisco

      San Diego St. Louis Phoenix

      Some cities newly supporting bocce:

      Seattle Portland Vancouver, BC

      Louisville San Antonio New Orleans


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    Where Bocce Is Played

    • The bocce court

      • Variable and unique like a baseball field or golf course

      • What makes a court different?

        Length Width Lighted for night play

        Wall Height Wall Material Wall Condition

        Surface Depth Surface Material Surface Condition

        Surface Pitch Orientation Indoors/Outdoors

        Attractions Distractions Amenities

        Level of Use Maintenance Time in existence

      • Let’s look at a few courts…


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    Example 1: Amici Park, San Diego


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    Example 2:Whittier Park, Fircrest


    Example 3 kent senior center l.jpg
    Example 3: Kent Senior Center


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    Example 4: South Beach, Staten Island, NY



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    Where Bocce Is Played

    • Auburn’s Les Gove Park courts

      • 4 80’ x 15’ courts, 4” concrete wall

      • 2” treated wood protects wall/bocce

      • Marked foul and center lines on wall

      • Top surface: 3” oyster shell/clay mix

      • Lower layers: 2” pea-gravel and 4” crushed gravel rock with PVC runoff

      • Paved path to and around courts

      • Benches/tables all around courts

      • ADA cut-out access on one court

      • Surrounded by trees on west/south, west-east orientation

      • Near senior center, museum, library, spray park, ball fields, fast-food and major freeway/arterial

      • Future community center, gym, teen center



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    Questions to Answer Today

    • What is the game of bocce?

    • What is the history of bocce?

    • What are the rules of bocce?

    • Where is bocce played

      • In the world?

      • In the Pacific Northwest?

  • Who plays bocce?


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    Who plays bocce?

    • Almost every nation on earth

      • Refined and specialized in Italy

    • Special Olympics: 102 countries, many are school programs

    • Worldwide bocce clubs

      • US Bocce Federation, Order of Sons of Italy in America, Italian/ethnic social clubs

    • Pacific Northwest:

      • Auburn Bocce Club – 2003 (62 members)

      • Auburn Sons of Italy – 1948 (160 members)

      • Sons of Italy chapters in North Seattle, Tacoma, West Seattle, Bellevue, Sno-king, Yakima, Vancouver, Beaverton OR, et al.

      • Portland Bocce League - 2007




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    Who can play bocce?

    YOU CAN, TOO!


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    Who plays bocce around here?

    • Puget Sound area major bocce tournaments

      • Muckleshoot Casino (January/February)

      • Bellingham Bay (March-April)

      • West Seattle Closed (May)

      • Pioneer Square Lunch Singles (June)

      • WA State Championships (June-July)

      • Italian Community Picnic (July-August)

      • Tacoma Elks (August)

      • Auburn Bocce Club Closed (August)

      • Woodland Park/Seattle (September)

      • Pioneer Square Lunch Doubles (September)

      • Seattle Center FestaItaliana (September-October)

    • US National Championships (November)


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    Who supports bocce?

    • Auburn Bocce Club (ABC)

      • regular activities

        • Lessons Tuesdays/Thursdays (Apr-Oct)

        • Club play Fridays (formally Mar-Nov)

        • Court maintenance year-round

      • special events

        • Benefit dinner/dance (March)

        • SOWA Summer Games (May-June)

        • WA State Championships HOST (June)

        • Auburn 4th of July Festival (July)

        • Auburn Good Old Days (August)

        • Auburn Bocce Club HOST (August)

        • SOWA Summer Games Classic (August)

    • Auburn Sons of Italy (full partnership with ABC)

    • Auburn Parks and Recreation


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    Who supports bocce?

    • SOWA-Auburn Bocce Club partnership

      • GOAL: Include bocce as an official sport for the 2010 SOWA program

      • TASK: Pilot bocce as demo sport at SOWA events (Summer Games/Classic) 2008-2009

      • TASK: ABC assists training/certification of coaches with SOWA 2008-2009

      • TASK: ABC works with SOWA and Auburn Parks for making Les Gove Park courts available for SOWA events 2009


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    Who supports bocce?

    • In 2010, SOWA decides whether to include bocce in its sports catalog, and if so…

      • SOWA decides on including bocce in which Special Olympics season(s), and for how long

      • SOWA decides on what participation level to offer bocce (singles, doubles, quad, Unified doubles, Unified quad)

      • SOWA decides on location(s)/frequency(ies) of bocce events

      • SOWA decides on formats for the events

  • Auburn Bocce Club is ready to help!


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    Questions?

    • Contact us!

    • Peter Di Turi

      • phone: 253.939.4108

      • e-mail: [email protected]

    • Salvatore Cascone

      • Phone: 253.939.3502

      • e-mail: [email protected]