CIMIC ACTORS. Major General Michael G. Smith AO (Retd) Chief Executive Officer AUSTCARE HMAS Penguin 3 April 2006. SCOPE. What is CIMIC? Battlespace or Humanitarian Space? Who are the key CIMIC Actors? Can/how can militaries work with the UN & NGOs? Some CIMIC lessons from East Timor.
Major General Michael G. Smith AO (Retd)
Chief Executive Officer
3 April 2006
At any point in any humanitarian emergency the relationship between any pair of civilian and military actors can be described in these terms. The potential for positive relations varies with objectives and conditions.
But such situations are rare!
Need for Security Increases
StateMilitary Missions & Political Conditions
Availability and Impartiality of Forces Decrease
Need for Assistance Increases
(FAILING AND EMERGING
UN + Agencies
…the military cannot work in isolation!
Cooperation or Chaos?
“ I am serious about making sure we have the best relationship with the NGOswho are such a force multiplier for us, such an important part of our combat team. We are all committed to the same, singular purpose to help every man and woman in need, who is hungry, who is without hope, to help every one of them fill a belly, get a roof over their heads, educate their children, have hope.”
Secretary of State Colin Powell to NGO Leaders,
26 October 2001
But, never assume that all NGOs understand and follow these!
PRIORITISATIONBest Areas for Civilian-Military Co-ordination/Cooperation
Restoration of livelihoods
Water & sanitation
Food & nutrition
Shelter & site planning
Protection & human rights
Repatriation and resettlement
Peacebuilding and conflict prevention
Human rights advocacyCore Areas of NGO Humanitarian Assistance
Jun – Oct 99
May 02 – May 05
East Timor 1999 - 2005
20 May 02
Oct 99 – May 02
1. Speed of Action2. Planning, Leadership and Teamwork3. Legitimacy4. Strong and Achievable Mandate5. Host-Country Support6. International Commitment7. Capable Security Forces8. Separation of Combatants9. Effective Border Control10. Establishing the Rule of Law11. Managing War Crimes12. Responsive Budgets13. Capacity Building
District - 13 in total.
Posto (sub district) 62 in the country, 4-5 per
Suco (village) -500+in the country, 5-10 per Posto
Aldeia (hamlet) - 2000+ in the country, 4-6 per Suco
8. Opportunity Cost
10. IHL and Customs
13. Understand NGOs