Regional organizations their evolution in latin american and the caribbean l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 56

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: THEIR EVOLUTION IN LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARIBBEAN PowerPoint PPT Presentation


REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: THEIR EVOLUTION IN LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARIBBEAN. David A. Novelo. OBJECTIVES. To understand the missions of different regional organizations in the LAC area .

Download Presentation

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: THEIR EVOLUTION IN LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARIBBEAN

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Regional organizations their evolution in latin american and the caribbean l.jpg

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: THEIR EVOLUTION IN LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARIBBEAN

David A. Novelo


Objectives l.jpg

OBJECTIVES

  • To understand the missions of different regional organizations in the LAC area .

  • To become familiar with the Unidad Humanitaria de Rescate de America Central (UHR; C.A. Humanitarian Unit of Search and Rescue).

  • To learn about specific regional issues for disaster reduction and mitigation.

  • To understand the importance of coordination and communication between the national, regional, bilateral, and international organizations before and during natural disasters.

  • To learn about the evolution of emergency operations centers in LAC.


Regional organizations l.jpg

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS


The caribbean disaster emergency response agency cdera l.jpg

The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA)

  • Inter-governmental regional disaster management organization established in 1991 by an Agreement of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

  • The Headquarters are located in Barbados.


Cdera 16 participating states l.jpg

Anguilla

Antigua and Barbuda

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

British Virgin Islands

Dominica

Grenada

Guyana

Jamaica

Montserrat

Republic of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Trinidad and Tobago

CDERA: 16 Participating States


Cdera functions l.jpg

CDERA: FUNCTIONS

Main Function:

  • To make an immediate and coordinated response to any disastrous event affecting any Participating State, once the state requests such assistance.

    Other Functions:

  • ·Securing, collating and channelling to interested governmental and non-governmental organizations, comprehensive and reliable information on disasters affecting the region.

  • ·Mitigating or eliminating as far as possible, the consequences of disasters affecting Participating States.

  • ·Establishing and maintaining on a sustainable basis, adequate disaster response capabilities among Participating States.

  • ·Mobilizing and coordinating disaster relief from governmental and non-governmental organizations for affected Participating States.


Cdera recent activities l.jpg

CDERA: RECENT ACTIVITIES

  • While the present focus of the Agency is on Disaster Preparedness and Response, its current activities address issues relevant to all phases of the Disaster cycle:

  • Preparedness

  • Response

  • Recovery

  • Rebuilding

  • Prevention

  • Mitigation


Cepredenac l.jpg

CEPREDENAC

  • LEGAL STATUTES: Signed in Guatemala, 29 October, 1993, by the Foreign Affairs Ministers of: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.


Cepredenac objectives l.jpg

CEPREDENAC: Objectives

  • CEPREDENAC will promote and coordinate the international cooperation, exchange of information, experience, and technology contributing to the process of decision- making for natural disaster reduction and prevention in the Central American region.


Cepredenac political regional framework l.jpg

CEPREDENAC: POLITICAL REGIONAL FRAMEWORK

  • SIGNED DURING THE SUMMIT OF CENTRAL AMERICAN PRESIDENTS IN GUATEMALA, OCTOBER, 1999.

  • AGREEMENT No. 1:

  • To adopt the Strategic Framework for Disaster Vulnerability Reduction in Central America that will be part of the development process in the region for next millenium...

  • This Strategic Framework, that is integral part of the present Declaration, will the basis for the preparation and development of regional plans related to Disaster Vulnerability Reduction; Integrated Management and Conservation of Water Resources; and Prevention and Control of Forest Wildfires.


Cepredenac regional plan for disaster reduction l.jpg

CEPREDENAC: REGIONAL PLAN FOR DISASTER REDUCTION


Preandino bolivia colombia ecuador peru and venezuela l.jpg

PREANDINO: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela

  • Andean Regional Program for Risk Prevention and Mitigation.

  • GENERAL OBJECTIVE:

  • To promote and support the formulation of national and sectorial policies for risk prevention and mitigation and the development of programs oriented to incorporate the concept of prevention in institutional organizations.


Preandino activities l.jpg

PREANDINO: ACTIVITIES

  • Permanent teams that work for disaster prevention at the regional level.

  • Mechanisms of regional cooperation.

  • Processes for the exchange of information and experiences among member countries.

  • Administrative mechanisms with financial resources to support a package of programs and projects.

  • Training of public officials for the preparation of projects.

  • Regional Master Plan for institutional strenghtening and regional policy.

  • National and regional projects for institutional strengthtening as well as for risk prevention and mitigation.


Preandino strategic areas l.jpg

PREANDINO: STRATEGIC AREAS

  • Knowledge of natural phenomena and their effects.

  • Water, sanitation, and health. Agriculture, cattle raising, fishering, and land.

  • Transport and energy. Urban Development, housing and infrastructure.

  • Economy.


Preandino risk prevention and mitigation goals l.jpg

PREANDINO, RISK PREVENTION AND MITIGATION: GOALS

  • General National Plans for Risk Prevention and Mitigation for each country member.

  • National Sectorial Plans.

  • Regional Plan for horizontal cooperation on risk reduction.

  • Development of territorial plans in each country.

  • Incorporation of risk prevention in national, sectorial and territorial plans.

  • Consolidation of the institutional organization for risk prevention and mitigation at the national, sectorial and territorial level.


Slide16 l.jpg

CERESIS: Centro Regional de Sismología para América del Sur (Regional Center for Seismology in South America)

  • International Organism created in 1966 by agreement between the government of Peru and the United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO).

  • PURPOSE: To facilitate all kind of seismological studies and activities in the South American region as well as to act as a link between seismological institutions from the region and the international seismic centers.

  • HEADQUARTERS: Lima, Peru.


Ceresis country members l.jpg

CERESIS: COUNTRY MEMBERS

  • At present, 11 countries are members: Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Perú, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and Venezuela.

  • The agreement is open for the incorporation of other countries with a real interest in the South American Seismology.


Ceresis some recent achievements l.jpg

CERESIS: SOME RECENT ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Project: “Seismic Reinforcement of Adobe Housing in the Andean Region”.

  • Updating of the Regional Seismic Catalog and preparation of the first Regional Map of Probalistic Seismic Hazard.

  • Organization and/or participation in Seminars and Simposia in the following themes: Seismic Risk, Seismic and Volcanic Hazards, Urban Seismic Microzonation, Earthquakes, Risk and Insurance, Seismic Prediction, Spatial Technology for Seismic and Geodynamic Process, Andean Tectonics, etc.


Slide19 l.jpg

UNIDAD REGIONAL HUMANITARIA Y DE RESCATE DE AMERICA CENTRAL (CENTRAL AMERICAN HUMANITARIAN UNIT OF SEARCH AND RESCUE)


Slide20 l.jpg

CFAC:La Conferencia de Fuerzas Armadas Centroamericanas (Conference of Armed Forces for Central America)

  • Country Members

  • The Presidents of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras y Nicaragua, as Generals of the Central American Armed Forces, created on November 12, 1997, the Conference of Armed Forces for Central America “CFAC”


Cfac coordination and objectives l.jpg

CFAC: Coordination and Objectives

  • It operates under the Central American Integration System (SICA).

  • It is important the coordination of activities with civil society because the C.A. Armed forces are integral part of society to promote peace, democracy and sustainable development in Central America.

  • CFAC was formed to contribute to security, development, and militar integration of the region; to estimulate a permanent and systematic effort for cooperation, coordination, and mutual support among the national armed forces; to perform collegiated studies of common interest; and to provide an optimal defense against threats to democracy, peace, and freedom.


Unidad humanitaria y de rescate uhr cfac humanitarian unit of search and rescue l.jpg

Unidad Humanitaria y de Rescate (UHR-CFAC: Humanitarian Unit of Search and Rescue)

  • Created in 2000.

  • Mission: To carry out humanitarian operations of rescue in any Central American country affected by a natural or man-made disasters, with the purpose of saving and protecting human life and mitigate the effects of disasters.


Unidad humanitaria y de rescate uhr cfac organization l.jpg

Unidad Humanitaria y de Rescate (UHR-CFAC): Organization

  • A Commander from the Unity.

  • Minor unities of engineers and physicians.

  • A technical unity of search and rescue.

  • A support unity: logistics, militar police, communications, etc.


Unidad humanitaria y de rescate uhr cfac recent activities l.jpg

Unidad Humanitaria y de Rescate (UHR-CFAC): Recent Activities

  • During the “hemorragic dengue epidemic” occurred in El Salvador in october 2000, the UHR-CFAC units from Gautemala and Nicaragua were activated and jointly with the Salvadorian unit, worked to erradicate the transmission of dengue and mitigate the effects of this epidemic.

  • During the El Salvador earthquakes that occurred in January, 2001, the UHR-CFAC unit of Guatemala and Nicaragua collaborated with the El Salvador unit to mitigate the effects of these earthquakes.


Unidad humanitaria y de rescate uhr cfac importance l.jpg

Unidad Humanitaria y de Rescate (UHR-CFAC): Importance

  • The integration of the C.A. Armed Forces to the National Emergency Systems significantly improves the response of the countries in a national or regional emergency because UHR-CFAC has permanent human and material resources as well as a mechanism to react immediately to emergencies.

  • For Central America, the creation of UHR-CFAC to support affected communities by disasters in the region, is an element of human solidarity, cooperation and mutual trust that allows stability and promotes the integration process of Central American countries.


Regional issues for disaster prevention and mitigation l.jpg

REGIONAL ISSUES FOR DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION


Rio group l.jpg

RIO GROUP

  • The Governments of Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela adopted the Rio de Janeiro Declaration on 18 December 1986, to create a Permanent Mechanism for Political Consulting and Concertation - Grupo de Río.


Rio group new members l.jpg

RIO GROUP: New Members

  • In the framework of the IV Summit of the Rio Group, held in Caracas, Venezuela, October, 1990, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay were incorporated, as well as a representative from the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Central America. Since 2000, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Dominican Republic were integrated as full members.


Slide29 l.jpg

RIO GROUP: AD-HOC WORKING GROUP FOR TECHNICAL COOPERATION IN NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND RESPONSE

  • This Working Group was created during the XIII Assembly held in Mexico, 28-29 May, 1999.

  • Proposed Actions

  • 1. Designing and adopting public national politics on disaster prevention, early warning, emergency, mitigation, re-habilitation and re-construction, by strengthtening or re-structuring the national systems.

  • 2. Implementation of policies, actions and projects on natural disaster prevention in a perspective that takes in consideration the national strategies for development such that the results must have social, economical and cultural benefits to country members.

  • 3. Preparation of a regional directory of especialized national organisms and institutions responsible for regional cooperation as well as an inventory of national capacities, including civil society, for prevention, early warning, emergency, mitigation, re-habilitation and re-construction.


Slide30 l.jpg

RIO GROUP: AD-HOC WORKING GROUP FOR TECHNICAL COOPERATION IN NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND RESPONSE: Proposed Actions

  • 4. Review of established regional structures to respond to natural disasters with the purpose of consolidating these structures as tools for designing common strategies.

  • 5. Analysis of the need to maintain a global framework for continuing coordinating the area of disaster vulnerability reduction within the United Nations Organization, privileging the perspective of risk reduction.

  • 6. Promote in universities and specialized institutions research related to the effects of natural phenomena with the potential of causing disasters; apply scientific and technical knowledge to natural disaster prevention and mitigation; promote regional information exchange.

  • 7. Training of officials and specialists in natural disaster prevention, early warning, emergency, mitigation, re-habilitation, and re-construction.

  • 8. Strengthening of programs related to social communication for vulnerabilty and risk reduction with the pupose of creating a culture of prevention.


Association of caribbean states l.jpg

ASSOCIATION OF CARIBBEAN STATES

  • The ACS has a membership that includes all the independent island states and all mainland countries bordering the Caribbean Sea, from Mexico in the northwest to French Guiana in the southeast. The Dutch speaking islands and the French Caribbean departments are also Associate Members.

  • There are 25 full Member States and 15 Observer Countries.


Acs special committee on natural disasters preparedness and response l.jpg

ACS: Special Committee on Natural Disasters Preparedness and Response.

  • The ACS has a regional agreement for co-operation in the management of natural disasters. Countries are working to develop co-operation projects in natural disaster preparedness and response.

  • This Special Committees meet at least once a year to make recommendations to the Ministerial Council.


Grupo de los tres group of three colombia mexico venezuela l.jpg

GRUPO DE LOS TRES (GROUP OF THREE: COLOMBIA, MEXICO, VENEZUELA)

  • Their combined population is about 32% of the total in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  • The Agreement was signed January, 1995.


Grupo de alto nivel group of high level gan disaster prevention and response l.jpg

GRUPO DE ALTO NIVEL (GROUP OF HIGH LEVEL; GAN): Disaster Prevention and Response

  • This GAN was proposed in Caracas, Venezuela, 7-8 April 2001, with the purpose of exchanging information and experiences and establishing a coordination with national authorities and a regional mechanism to attend emergency situations in country members. The GAN was installed January, 2002.


G3 gan disaster prevention and response future actions l.jpg

G3-GAN: Disaster Prevention and Response: Future Actions.

  • a.To establish a network for exchanging information from Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela, with the purpose of integrating an inventory of experiences from natural disaster prevention, response and mitigation.

  • b.To promote the exchange of experiences and the training of human resources for prevention, early warning, emergency and mitigation.

  • c.To promote a culture of prevention.

  • d.To exchange experiences in networks of early warning systems.

  • e.To establish a data base including: a directory of civil protection institutions, disaster prevention and academics; an inventory of capacities and needs; hazards and risk maps; and a glosary of terms for civil protection and disaster prevention.

  • f. To exchange information about procedures for assigning financial resources to national disasters.


Organization of american states oas unit for sustainable development and environment l.jpg

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS): UNIT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT

  • Since 1983 the Unit, through its  Natural Hazards project, has been providing technical support to reduce vulnerability to natural hazards and thus avoid disasters or mitigate their effects.  Its activities include assistance with policy formulation, hazard and vulnerability assessments, training in disaster mitigation techniques, and formulation of mitigation measures for development of investment projects.


Oas inter american committee for reduction of natural disasters iacndr l.jpg

OAS: Inter-American Committee for Reduction of Natural Disasters (IACNDR)

  • MISSION: to strengthen OAS disaster planning and management activities to better deal with natural disasters affecting the Hemisphere. The working group involve active participation of multilateral, hemispheric and international agencies as well as major government and non-governmental organizations engaged in the disaster management.

  • The IACNDR is chaired by the General Secretary of the OAS and comprise the Chair of the Permanent Council, the Assistant Secretary General of the OAS, the President of the Inter American Development Bank (IDB), the General Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the General Secretary of the Pan-American Institute of Geography and History (PAIGH), the General Director of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), and the Executive Secretary of the Inter American Council for Integral Development (CIDI).


Oas inter american committee for natural disasters reduction iacndr l.jpg

OAS: Inter-American Committee for Natural Disasters Reduction (IACNDR)

  • The principal task of the IACNDR shall be to serve as the Organization's leading forum for discussion of issues related to natural disasters, in coordination with the competent national organizations; in this regard, the IACNDR shall provide the Permanent Council with strategic thinking, recommendations on initiatives related to natural disasters, and advice on methods of financing them, paying special attention to policies and programs designed to reduce the vulnerability of member states to natural disasters.


Plan puebla panama ppp l.jpg

PLAN PUEBLA-PANAMA (PPP)

  • Supported by an Inter Institutional Group: Central American Bank for Economical Integration (BCIE); Inter American Development Bank (IDB); Economical Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL).

  • The objetive is to maximize the human and ecological richness of the Mesoamerican region, within a framework of sustainable development that considers the cultural and ethnic diversity. For these reasons, an integral strategy for the region with a package of mesoamerican initiatives and projects are considered.


Ppp mesoamerican initiative for disaster prevention and mitigation two actions l.jpg

PPP: MESOAMERICAN INITIATIVE FOR DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION: TWO ACTIONS

  • 1. Adoption of disaster risk reduction as an element of the strategy for regional development which should be incorporated in all sectorial projects. Specifically, it is recommended that the formulation of projects should consider the vulnerability and impact of such projects to incorporate actions and resources to reduce present and to avoid future risks.

  • 2. Implementación of three projects:

    • Development of the insurance market for disasters.

    • Public conscienciation for disaster prevention.

    • Hidrometeorologic information for competitivity.


Coordination before and during natural disasters l.jpg

COORDINATION BEFORE AND DURING NATURAL DISASTERS


Disaster cycle l.jpg

DISASTER CYCLE

DISASTER

EMERGENCY

PREPAREDNESS

RE-HABILITATION

PREVENTION

RE-CONSTRUCTION


Coordination in transnational and national disasters l.jpg

Coordination in Transnational and National Disasters

Consist in the organized work to establish relationships of intra regional cooperation among the countries of a region and the international community in response to the principle of human solidarity in disaster situations.


Several actors during national and transnational disasters l.jpg

SEVERAL ACTORS DURING NATIONAL AND TRANSNATIONAL DISASTERS

Security Council of

United Nations

Agencies & Programs

from United Nations

Donor Countries

Regional

Organizations

AFECTTED COUNTRY

International

Organizations

NGOs

Humanitarian

Armed

Forces


Mutual assistance mechanisms in disaster situations are important l.jpg

Mutual Assistance Mechanisms in Disaster Situations are Important

  • To establish the concrete action framework for coordination of the international humanitarian assistance and for horizontal cooperation among the countries from a determined region.


Considerations for international assistance l.jpg

CONSIDERATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE

  • Humanitarian Assistance Resources can be requested by the affected country bilaterally, to a group of regional countries or in the framework of international effort.

  • Humanitarian Assistance Operations are responsability of the affected country.

  • Nature and extension of Humanitarian operations are defined by the affected country.

  • In some cases there are Protocols that activate and coordinate the regional and international cooperation.


Mechanisms of regional coordination in central america l.jpg

MECHANISMS OF REGIONAL COORDINATION IN CENTRAL AMERICA

  • Regional Manual of Chancelleries (completed and valided by C.A countries in 2001).

  • Regional Manual of Coordination in Disaster Situations (completed and validates by C.A. Countries in 2001).


Mechanisms of regional coordination in central america48 l.jpg

MECHANISMS OF REGIONAL COORDINATION IN CENTRAL AMERICA

OBJECTIVES

To establish a transparent mechanism for joint action in disaster prevention, mitigation and response by means of a coordinated cooperation of Central American countries for humanitarian assistance.

To Establish a rapid and efficient mechanism for natural disaster response in one or several affected countries.


Emergency operations centers l.jpg

EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTERS


Slide50 l.jpg

Risk Management in Latin America and the Caribbean: Characteristics

*Weak Planification.

*Regulation Framework generally obsolete.

*Responsible Institution not coordinated as System.

Lack of adequate national mechanisms for disaster prevention and response


Slide51 l.jpg

Present Conditions increase Vulnerability

Meteorological and Geological Hazards

Changes of Economical Processes

Population increase

INADEQUATE LAND USE

INCREASE OF RISK AND VULNERABILITY


Institutionality in latin am rica and the caribbean l.jpg

Institutionality in Latin América and the Caribbean

  • Created (most of them) after a great disaster with the purpose of improving the response in future disasters.

  • Most of them created under the concept of “response” with a low impact in Mitigation and Prevention.

  • Recent developments have allowed to include prevention and mitigation as part of their Agenda but without important changes in their structures. In some cases, this situation is the cause of low efficiency in both, prevention and response.


Other problems l.jpg

Other Problems

  • Highly centralized institutions.

  • Low distribution of responsabilities within the Government´s structure.

  • In most cases prevention is considered as a problem for technical and scientific institutions.

  • Organisms with low budget for operation and low technical capacity.

  • Null participation of the private, financial and insurance sectors.


Recent developments in institucionality l.jpg

Recent developments in Institucionality

  • Countries and Regions have initiated the identification of adequate Models and Systems jointly with the International Cooperation and their Regional Organisms (ANDEAN GROUP, CEPREDENAC, CDERA, SOUTH CONE, etc).

  • There have been important developments on the regional Political, Technical and Social Framework.


Possible future areas of cooperation l.jpg

POSSIBLE FUTURE AREAS OF COOPERATION

  • Promotion of Mechanisms for Regional Integration and/or strengthening of existing mechanisms for disaster prevention and response.

  • Development of Programs for regional monitoring of meteorological and geological phenomena of potential great impact.

  • Strengthening of regional institutionality for prevention, preparedness and response.

  • Promotion to incorporate risk reduction as a national priority in sustainable development programs.

  • Promotion of greater participation of Civil Society.

  • Promotion of Programs for social organization (from the community level).

  • Development of a Regional Information System for decision-making.


Slide56 l.jpg

GRACIAS!


  • Login