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rapidly exploring application design through speed dating. scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman. investigating a domain fieldwork shows many needs create many application concepts. dual-income families davidoff et al ubicomp 2006 managing kids activities causes stress.

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Rapidly exploring application design through speed dating l.jpg

rapidly exploring application design through speed dating

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


A familiar story l.jpg

investigating a domain

fieldwork shows many needs

create many application concepts

dual-income families

davidoff et al ubicomp 2006

managing kids activities causes stress

a familiar story

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


How do you know which concept to make l.jpg

how do you know which concept to make?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


How do you know you have the best approach l.jpg

how do you know you have the best approach?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Why not build it and see l.jpg

why not build it and see?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Immature design patterns l.jpg

immature design patterns

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


High cost of failure l.jpg

high cost of failure

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Unpredictable consequences l.jpg

unpredictable consequences

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Design toolbox is empty l.jpg

personas

video

bodystorming

design toolbox is empty

sketch

cooper + reiman 2003

zimmerman 2005

bucheneau +

fulton suri 2000

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Design toolbox is empty10 l.jpg

personas

video

bodystorming

paper prototyping

video sketches

toolikits

design toolbox is empty

sketch

prototype

cooper + reiman 2003

rettig 1994

zimmerman 2005

mackay et al 2000

bucheneau +

fulton suri 2000

landay + myers 1995

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Design toolbox is empty11 l.jpg

personas

video

bodystorming

paper prototyping

video sketches

toolikits

design toolbox is empty

sketch

prototype

cooper + reiman 2003

rettig 1994

zimmerman 2005

mackay et al 2000

bucheneau +

fulton suri 2000

landay + myers 1995

getting the idea right v. getting the right idea

tohidi et al 2006

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Add a step l.jpg

add a step

sketch

explore

prototype

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Address ubicomp risks l.jpg

immature design patterns

high cost of failure

unpredictable consequences

many variations

early, cheap + engaging

find risks + their interactions

address ubicomp risks

sketch

explore

prototype

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating l.jpg

speed dating

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love16 l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love17 l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love18 l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love19 l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love20 l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for love21 l.jpg

speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Speed dating for design l.jpg

replace partners with concepts, or variations

multiple low-cost engagtements with wide variety of concepts

allows a broader perspective to emerge

speed dating for design

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Really two methods l.jpg

need validation

user enactments

really two methods

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Abundance brings perspective l.jpg

abundance brings perspective

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Abundance brings perspective25 l.jpg

abundance brings perspective

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Cross boundaries to find them l.jpg

cross boundaries to find them

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Experience not feedback l.jpg

experience, not feedback

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Need validation l.jpg

need validation

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Slide29 l.jpg

22 concepts

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Slide30 l.jpg

22 concepts

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Slide31 l.jpg

22 concepts

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Snack day at school l.jpg

snack day at school

Annie brings home a note from school. It’s her turn to bring in snack on the 26th

Today is the 2nd and Mom doesn’t want to forget. She puts a note on the fridge, but it gets lost in a sea of notes

On the 24th, the smart home adds Annie’s snacks to Mom’s shopping list

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Snack day at school33 l.jpg

snack day at school

Annie brings home a note from school. It’s her turn to bring in snack on the 26th

Today is the 2nd and Mom doesn’t want to forget. She puts a note on the fridge, but it gets lost in a sea of notes

On the 24th, the smart home adds Annie’s snacks to Mom’s shopping list

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Snack day at school34 l.jpg

snack day at school

Annie brings home a note from school. It’s her turn to bring in snack on the 26th

Today is the 2nd and Mom doesn’t want to forget. She puts a note on the fridge, but it gets lost in a sea of notes

On the 24th, the smart home adds Annie’s snacks to Mom’s shopping list

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Dad s in trouble l.jpg

dad’s in trouble

“I feel so helpless.”

The smart home senses that Dad’s going to miss Annie, and pings people he can count on in a pinch

The neighbor’s not far from Annie. She agrees to get her.

The tow truck that comes for Dad tells him that Annie is safe and sound.

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Dad s in trouble36 l.jpg

dad’s in trouble

“I feel so helpless.”

The smart home senses that Dad’s going to miss Annie, and pings people he can count on in a pinch

The neighbor’s not far from Annie. She agrees to get her.

The tow truck that comes for Dad tells him that Annie is safe and sound.

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Getting the right idea l.jpg

observation

kids activities cause stress

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Getting the right idea38 l.jpg

observation

kids activities cause stress

activities cause stress but other factors are important

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

respect these issues while fixing the problems

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


User enactments l.jpg

user enactments

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening l.jpg

what’s happening?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening41 l.jpg

highly proactive

what’s happening?

arranges a ride

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening42 l.jpg

highly proactive

medium proactive

what’s happening?

arranges a ride

mediates a ride

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening43 l.jpg

highly proactive

medium proactive

low proactive

what’s happening?

arranges a ride

mediates a ride

provides list of who’s available

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


View from the back seat l.jpg

view from the back seat

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening45 l.jpg

routine

what’s happening?

remind mom about snack

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening46 l.jpg

routine

beginning

what’s happening?

remind mom about snack

tell mom what to buy for ballet

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What s happening47 l.jpg

routine

beginning

deviation

what’s happening?

remind mom about snack

tell mom what to buy for ballet

tell dad what to bring when mom’s away

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Put mom in the kitchen l.jpg

put mom in the kitchen

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


What about interactions l.jpg

what about interactions?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Mom comes home l.jpg

mom comes home

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Mom passes the laundry l.jpg

mom passes the laundry

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Mom passes the laundry52 l.jpg

mom passes the laundry

“if you put johnny’s

shirt in his bag he

won’t forget it”

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Mom passes the laundry53 l.jpg

mom passes the laundry

“if you put johnny’s

shirt in his bag he

won’t forget it”

“tell him to get his own laundry”

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Kids activities not problems l.jpg

kids activities not “problems”

kids are in activities to learn lessons about life

actions have consequences

parents want to protect their kids

also want kids to learn responsibility

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Implications for design l.jpg

implications for design

can’t approach activities to “fix problems”

system needs to help kids learn to help themselves

kids have to learn about consequences and responsibility

in some places, assistance is inappropriate

parents must be part of the loop

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Getting the right idea56 l.jpg

observation

kids activities cause stress

activities cause stress but other factors are important

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

respect these issues while fixing the problems

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Getting the right idea57 l.jpg

observation

kids activities cause stress

activities cause stress but other factors are important

managing activity and parenting are inseparable

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

respect these issues while fixing the problems

teach kids responsibility, function as a safety net

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Tradeoffs l.jpg

tradeoffs

sketch

explore

prototype

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Summary l.jpg

summary

find the right concept + strategy important but unsupported

stands between sketching and prototyping

low-cost + engaging

learn about unpredictable consequences

evolve your application concept

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Continuing exploration l.jpg

continuing exploration

taught in graduate hci design studio

push the method to make more flexible

apply in other concepts + domains

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


The end l.jpg

the end

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


User enactments62 l.jpg

user enactments

experience prototyping

not designers but users

directly sample life-experience

react to situation portrayed how they would in their lives

bucheneau + fulton suri 2007

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Participatory design l.jpg

participatory design

PICTIVE

Opportunity areas

muller 1992

halloran et al 2006

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Low fi kitchen l.jpg

low-fi kitchen

muller 1992

halloran et al 2006

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Need validation65 l.jpg

need validation

observed

needs

perceived

needs

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Morning stress l.jpg

morning stress

“MOM SAID 10 MIN MAX.”

The smart home shuts off the TV. Annie goes to get dressed.

“IT’S SNOWING WHAT SHOULD YOU WEAR?”

Annie picks a sweater and boots. Her “cyber pet” meows with joy.

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


Predictable deviation l.jpg

predictable deviation

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman


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