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RAGTIME. Ragtime. Joplin played at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago 1893 27.5 million Ferris Wheel, Chicago, 1893 50 cents height = 250 ft. 2 revolutions. Ragtime. Ragtime is Piano music and did not contain “blue” notes It is intended to be played as written.

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Ragtime

  • Joplin played at the World's Columbian Expositionin Chicago 189327.5 million

  • Ferris Wheel, Chicago, 189350 centsheight =250 ft.2 revolutions


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Ragtime

  • Ragtime is Piano music and did not contain “blue” notes

  • It is intended to be played as written


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RAGTIME - origin of the term

  • A MUTATION OFJIGTIME (PIANO DANCE MUSIC - EARLY 1800S)

  • FLYING A WHITE FLAG OR RAG AT HOUSES WHERE THERE WAS MUSIC OR DANCING

  • A CONTRACTION OF RAGGED TIME OR SYNCOPATION BETWEEN THE PIANISTS LEFT AND RIGHT HANDS


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Listening to Rags

  • Points to consider:

    • Form: AA BB A CC DD

      • 16 measure sections

    • tempo not too fast

    • “BOOM-CHUCK” style left hand later became known as “stride”

    • plenty of room for improvisation


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PERFORMANCES

  • Maple Leaf Rag, performed by Scott Joplin

    • piano roll made in 1916

    • played on a 1910 Steinway upright with footpump

    • This is the only evidence of how Joplin played

    • note how many young pianists learned the Joplin Rags


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PERFORMANCES

  • Maple Leaf Rag (Scott Joplin), performed by Jelly Roll Morton

    • recorded June, 1938 for the Library of Congress

    • transformed Maple Leaf Rag into New Orleans style

    • the basis was rhythmic


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PERFORMANCES

  • embellished with a swinging intro. followed by ABACCDD with a hint of a tango in the first D section and a New Orleans stomp variation in the second D section

    • Morton believed that piano styles should follow band styles


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PERFORMANCES

  • Maple Leaf Rag (Scott Joplin), performed by William Albright

    • the structure is the same as used in marches - AABBA (Trio) CCDD

    • Sousa’s 50 published marches had an impact on Joplin


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SCOTT JOPLIN (1868 - 1917)

  • Joplin was born somewhere in Texas, between June 1867 and mid-January 1868

  • realized school was the way out

  • left home at age 14 but stayed in school until he was 18

  • Smith College of Music in Sedalia, Missouri

  • Joplin taught himself piano in a white-owned home where his mother worked in Texarkana. In the 1880s he moved to Sedalia and attended Lincoln High School. In 1896, he attended music classes at George R. Smith College in town, a black institution established by the Methodist Church.


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SCOTT JOPLIN (1868 - 1917)

  • 1st instruments were guitar and bugle

  • first published in 1895

  • moved to Sedalia, Missouri in 1897 - Sedalia was the center of ragtime

  • Sedalia music store owner and publisher, John Stark published his signature composition, “The Maple Leaf Rag,” in 1899. Sales that first year were slim (400 copies), but by 1909, approximately 500,000 copies had been sold.

    • We are the storm center of high-class instrumental rags. The whole rag fabric of this country was built around our 'Maple Leaf' 'Sunflower' 'Cascades' 'Entertainer' 'Frog Legs' Etc.

      We have advertised these as classic rags and we mean just what we say. They are a perfection of type. They have lifted ragtime from its low estate and lined it up with Beethoven and Bach.


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SCOTT JOPLIN (1868 - 1917)

  • Maple Leaf Club (Maple Leaf Rag (1899) sold hundreds of thousands of copies)

  • "The Maple Leaf Rag" published in 1899

  • married Belle Hayden (1901-1903)

  • Studied with Alfred Ernst in St Louis

    • Alfred Ernst was the second conductor of the St. Louis Symphony


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SCOTT JOPLIN (1868 - 1917)

  • Between 1901 and 1905, Joplin composed rags, waltzes, ballads, marches, cakewalks, a ballet, and an opera

  • married Lottie Stokes (1909-)

  • became obsessed with his opera


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SCOTT JOPLIN 1917

  • Joplin contracted syphilis, and by 1916 his health had deteriorated

  • He was working on a ragtime symphony when he entered the Manhattan State Hospital, where he died on April 1, 1917 of "dementia paralytica cerebral" .

  • He was buried in St. Michael's Cemetery in New York City.

  • Joplin composed 40 rags and about 24 other works


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Treemonisha

  • Joplin’s opera Treemonisha

    • financial and mental drain

    • failed in 1915 performance

    • called a “Ragtime” Opera

    • Joplin said “ragtime is an invention that is here to stay”

  • Performance by the Houston Grand Opera


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Tremonisha

  • Midi site

    • http://www.geocities.com/BourbonStreet/Bayou/2314/treehome.html

  • Tremonisha site

    • http://www.midcoast.com/~bog/treemonisha.html


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