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Philippines - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Philippines. AGENDA. Languages & Religions. People & Migration Patterns. Ancient History. European Colonialism & Independence. LANGUAGES. Tagalog. English. RELIGIONS. Roman Catholic. 83%. Protestant. 9%. Muslims. 5%. 3%. Buddhists. PEOPLE.

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slide2

AGENDA

Languages & Religions

People & Migration Patterns

Ancient History

European Colonialism & Independence

slide4

LANGUAGES

Tagalog

English

slide5

RELIGIONS

Roman Catholic

83%

Protestant

9%

Muslims

5%

3%

Buddhists

slide6

PEOPLE

Their ancestors (Malay stock) came from the southeastern Asian

and Indonesia.

Contacts with China resulted in a group of mixed Filipino-Chinese descent, who account for a minority of the population. A small percentage of Chinese nationals also live in the country.

Spanish-Filipinos and Filipino-Americans distinguished by their fairer complexion, taller stature, and aquiline nose structure.

The relatively small numbers of emigrants from the Indian

subcontinent added to the population\'s racial mixture.

There are small numbers of resident U.S. nationals and Spaniards.

The aboriginal inhabitants of the islands were the Negritos, or

Pygmies, also called Aetas or Balugas

slide7

PEOPLE

  • Languages are all closely related, belonging to the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) family of languages.
  • Traditionally, eight major linguistic groups are identified.

These are:

(1) the Tagalog group

(2) Cebuano

(3) Ilocano

(4) Hiligaynon (Ilongo)

(5) Bicol

(6) Waray–Waray

(7) Pampango

(8) Pangasinan

slide9

MIGRATION

  • Labor migration
  • American colonial rule (1898-1930) – Farmers

worked in plantations.

  • Many professionals in search of higher paying jobs

in the 1950s.

  • Change in the pattern of migration among Filipinos during the time of Marcos.
  • Biggest labor exporting country in Asia and is ranked second in the world next to Mexico.
  • Since 1992, remittances have been growing by 35% annually. (today: US$ 7 bn)
  • Increase in remittance despite the decrease in the number of land-based OFWs was a sign that many undocumented Filipinos continue to go abroad.
slide10

MIGRATION TRENDS OBSERVED

  • The volume of Filipinos working temporarily overseas

over the years has been overwhelming in comparison to

the volume of people leaving the country to reside permanently abroad

  • Predominance of the Middle East as a work destination

gave way to the emergence of Asia in the mid-eighties and nineties.

  • An increasing feminization of these streams in the mid-eighties and the nineties.
  • An ever increasing proportion of service workers, particularly

domestic helpers in the mid-eighties and nineties.

prehistory agricultural revolution
PREHISTORY & AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
  • Philippines – archipelago of 7,107 islands, just 2000

inhabited.

  • At last ice age 18,000 years ago sea beds were joined at about 50m below present water level.
  • Earliest human bones found 22,000 B.C.
  • Ancestors of todays Philippinos are Negritos and Aeta.
  • The central role of women in horticultural societies tends to have political and sociological consequences.
    • The honoured position of women
slide12

AUSTRONESIAN EXPANSION & HINDIC-BUDDHIST KINGDOMS

  • Austronesian-speaking culture started their colonization of Luzon around 2,500 B.C.
  • Austronesian kinship system gave higher prestige and gave an incentive for further expansion.
  • Chinese trade with Kingdoms in the Malayan region in gold after loss of control on Silk Road.
  • Distinct Hindic-Buddhist influences by the Indian subcontinent with which they traded.
  • 100 kingdoms recorded by Chinese between 222-280.
sri vijaya
SRI VIJAYA
  • 618 A.D. renewed stability in China stimulated trade through Indo-Malayan archipelago.
  • Sri Vajaya from Sumatra dominant from 650-1200, but finally lost control when smaller kingdoms allied with Chinese to gain control of the region and trade.
  • Hindic-Buddhism in the archipelago remained localized in the Straits.
islam sultanate of malacca
ISLAM & SULTANATE OF MALACCA
  • Arab-Chinese trade routes developed since 750 A.D.
  • The rising of Islam in the region added a vigorous and political dimension to commerce.
  • Sultanate of Malacca spread Islam in the region as it grew strong and monopolized trade in the Straits by 1450 AD.
spanish colony
SPANISH COLONY
  • Arrival of Ferdindand Magellan in 1521
  • Phillipines named by Ruy Lopez de Villalobosafter Phillip II of Spain
  • Two lasting effects of the Spanish rule on Philippine society:
    • near universal conversion of the population to Roman Catholicism
    • creation of a landed elite
  • Movement for independence evolved and in 1872
  • 200 Filipino recruits revolted and murdered their Spanishofficers in Cavite - the Spanish suppressed the revolt brutally
spanish american war world war ii
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR WORLD WAR II

1899

1942

1898

1901

1941

1945

  • April 25, 1898 - United States declare war on Spain
  • June 12, 1898 - Independence of the Philippines

proclaimed

  • August 13, 1898 - Americans take possession of

Manila

  • 1899-1901- Philippine War of Independence
  • December 8, 1941 Japanese attack
  • May 6, 1942 - Americans / Philippines surrender
  • September 2, 1945 - Japanese surrender
republic of the philippines
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

1948

1957

1965

1961

1953

1946

  • July 4, 1946 - Manuel Roxasbecomes the
  • first President of Republic of
  • the Philippines
  • 1948-1953 Elpidio Quirino
  • 1953-1957 Magsaysay
  • 1957-1961 Carlos Garcia
  • 1961-1965 Diosdado Macapagal
republic of the philippines18
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

1965

1983

1992

2001

1972

1986

1998

  • 1965-1986 Ferdinand Marcos
    • 1972 - declaration of martial law
    • 1983 – Assassination of opposition figure
    • Benigno Aquino
  • 1986-1992 Corazon Aquino
  • 1992-1998 Fidel Ramos
  • 1998-2001 Joseph Estrada
  • Since 2001 Gloria Arroyo
slide20

Considerations in operating a business

in the Philippines:

  • Political stability recovered by Arroyo-M.,

butthreat by Muslim insurgency

  • Religionyeta unifying factor & enhances

adaptability to Western business customs

  • Necessity of catering to different language groupsinsignificant
  • Logistical complexityby geography
  • Legal system based on Anglo-American and

Spanish law

slide21

Considerations in operating a business

in the Philippines:

  • Ready supply of highly skilled labor (professional, technical, managerial and workers)
  • Labor costs aligned with S.E.Asia, but compensation according to productivity and fluency in English
  • Economic potential underestimated / intangibles:
    • Western consumer lifestyle (young)
    • informal sector (25-40% of GNP)
    • overseas remittances (US$ 7bn!)
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