New mexico wildfires
Download
1 / 34

New Mexico Wildfires - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 318 Views
  • Updated On :

New Mexico Wildfires. [Name] [Position] Department … [contact info]. New Mexico Wildfires. Wildfire Background Disaster Readiness Survival and Recovery. Wildfire Background. A Fire Typology Crown Fire Top to top Surface Fire Brush Grass* Lower branches Ground Fire Forest litter,

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'New Mexico Wildfires' - HarrisCezar


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
New mexico wildfires l.jpg

New Mexico Wildfires

[Name]

[Position]

Department …

[contact info]


New mexico wildfires2 l.jpg
New Mexico Wildfires

Wildfire Background

Disaster Readiness

Survival and Recovery


Wildfire background l.jpg
Wildfire Background

A Fire Typology

  • Crown Fire

    • Top to top

  • Surface Fire

    • Brush

    • Grass*

    • Lower branches

  • Ground Fire

    • Forest litter,

    • Duff

    • Roots

  • Spot Fire

    • Firebrands


Wildfire background4 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

Grass Fires* – Particularly Dangerous

Hot, Intense and Wind Sensitive

  • Variable wind direction

  • Variable wind speed

    • 4 mph wind increase

    • 3 foot flame jumps to 15 feet


Wildfire background5 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

Three Ways Wildfire Spreads

  • Contact by Flames

  • Radiated Heat

  • Spotting Fire


Wildfire background6 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

  • Fire Causes

    • Human

    • Lightning

  • 2006 Fires as of Mid-April

    • 537 Human caused - 242,460 acres burned

    • 9 Lighting strikes - 99 acres burned


Wildfire background7 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

Two Fire Seasons

  • Spring - First and Worst

    • Normally May 1st to July 15th

    • No rain + dry winds + vegetation

  • Fall – after Monsoon

    • Reduced moisture

    • Plant die out/dry out


Wildfire background8 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

Drought in New Mexico

  • Every 10 years on average

  • Length of drought varies

  • Effects on fire season

    • Starts earlier

    • Lasts longer

    • Increased number of fires


Wildfire background9 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

Drought Threat Estimate

  • 20 homes destroyed

  • 2000 people evacuated

  • Evacuations more than 3 days


Wildfire background10 l.jpg
Wildfire Background

At Risk

  • Then…

    • Forest

    • Grass

  • and now

    • Urban sprawl into Wildlands

    • Extends danger to more people and property


Wildfire readiness l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Are You Prepared?


Wildfire readiness12 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Survival Factor One - Roofing Material

  • Build/remodel with Class A or B fire resistant materials

  • Class A fire-rated materials (2 - 4 hrs before ignition)

    • Tile, clay tile, concrete and slate shingles

    • Metal (with gypsum underlay)

    • Asphalt (fiber-glass reinforced)

    • Fiber-cement shingles


Wildfire readiness13 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Survival Factor One - Roofing Material

  • Class B fire-rated materials (1 hr before ignition)

    • Pressure treated shingles

    • Pressure treated shakes

  • Class C isnot recommended (20 min before ignition)

    • Wood shakes and shingles

    • Plywood

    • Particleboard

    • Asphalt (mineral reinforced)


Wildfire readiness14 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Survival Factor Two – Defensible Space

  • Area where vegetation & fuels are

    • Cleared

    • Reduced

    • Treated

  • Purpose

    • Slows the spread of fire to the structure

    • Slows the spread of fire from the structure

    • Room for firefighters to work


Wildfire readiness15 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

  • Three Defense Zones

  • Size Varies

    • Building size and shape

    • Construction

    • Slope of site

    • Surrounding topography

    • Vegetation size and type


Wildfire readiness16 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Zone 1

  • Area 15 feet from structure edges

  • Key Points

    • Plant nothing within 3 to 5 feet of structure

    • Do not store firewood/flammables

    • Enclose /screen decks

    • Remove trees or reduce to one

      • Prune to 15 ft crown

      • Remove fuel ladders: leaves brush, shrubs


Wildfire readiness17 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

  • Area 75 to 125 feet from structure edges

    • Slope & Topography

    • Increase distance

    • Example

      • 90 ft Uphill

      • 104 ft downhill

Zone 2


Wildfire readiness18 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Zone 2

  • Key Points

    • Reduce fuels

      • Remove stressed, diseased, dead trees and shrubs

      • Thin and prune the rest to 10 feet between crowns

      • Thin along driveways to main access road

      • Mow grasses

    • Slopes

      • Allow more space between crowns

      • Move firewood/woodpiles at least 30 feet up slope


Wildfire readiness19 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Zone 2

  • Key Points

    • Locate propane tanks at least 30 feet from structure

      • Preferably on same elevation

      • Do not screen tanks with shrubs or vegetation

      • Clear all vegetation within 10 feet of tanks

  • Dispose of slash


Wildfire readiness20 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Zone 3

  • Undefined area beyond Zone 2

  • Key Points

    • Thinning based on land management objectives

    • Species based on area

    • Consult Forestry Division experts

    • Mowing is not necessary

    • Pruning is generally not necessary.


Wildfire readiness21 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Landscaping Defensible Space

  • Trees & Shrubs

    • Choose species that are fire resistant

    • Maintenance is still important

  • Native Grasses

    • Lower (shorter) growing

    • Less maintenance

    • Seed available & inexpensive


Wildfire readiness22 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Landscaping Defensible Space

  • “Fire Wise Plant Materials”

    • Lists trees and shrubs

    • Available on the Web at

      http://aces.nmsu.edu/defensible_zone/protect/docs_pdf/fire_wise.pdf

  • “Grass Seed Mixes to Reduce Wildfire Hazard”

    • Native & non-native mixes

    • Listed by altitude range

    • Available on the Web at

      http://aces.nmsu.edu/defensible_zone/protect/docs_pdf/grass_seed.pdf


Wildfire readiness23 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

A defensible space

might look like the

one shown here.


Wildfire readiness24 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Before Wildfire Threatens

  • Use the Annual Checklist

    • Defensible space cleared of trash and debris

    • Keep roof, gutters and chimneys clean

    • Grass & weeds mowed

    • Test smoke/CO detectors

    • Check fire extinguishers

  • Update Your Disaster Supplies Kit

    • Food, water and supplies for three days + First Aid Kit

    • Key Financial and personal papers

    • Plan for pet survival/removal


Wildfire readiness25 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

When Wildfire Threatens

  • Stay Informed & Prepare to Leave

    • Make vehicles ready for escape

    • Confine pets

    • Arrange for housing

    • Load Emergency Supplies Kit & Vital Documents Packet

  • Evacuate When Instructed

    • Wear protective clothing

    • Lock your home

    • Let someone know your plans

    • Drive away from fire


Wildfire readiness26 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

When Wildfire Threatens

  • If you have time

    • Close windows, vents, doors.

    • Shut off gas

    • Open fireplace damper; close fireplace screen.

    • Remove flammable materials from windows and sliding glass doors.

    • Leave a light on in each room to make the house visible in heavy smoke


Wildfire readiness27 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

When Wildfire Threatens

If you have time

  • Seal attic and ground vents

  • Turn off propane tanks

  • Connect garden hoses

  • Place lawn sprinklers on roof & wet it down

  • Place sprinkler near above ground fuel tanks

  • Wet or remove shrubs within 15 feet


Wildfire readiness28 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Full information is in

“Creating Wildfire Defensible Zones”

on the Web at

http://aces.nmsu.edu/defensible_zone/protect/docs_pdf/wildfire_defense.pdf

and

“Wildfire…Are You Prepared?”

on the Web at

http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/fa-287-508.pdf


Wildfire readiness29 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

Recommended Web Site

http://www.firewise.org

Firewise Communities Program


Survival during a wildfire l.jpg
Survival during a Wildfire

Vehicle

  • Roll up windows and close vents

  • Park away from trees and brush

  • Headlights on/ignition off

  • Get on the floor/coverup

  • Wait for fire to pass

  • Stay in the vehicle


Survival during a wildfire31 l.jpg
Survival during a Wildfire

  • At Home

    • Go inside as fire approaches

    • Fire will pass before the house burns down

  • In the Open

    • Sparse fuel area

    • Ditch, road cut or depression

    • Cover yourself


Wildfire recovery l.jpg
Wildfire Recovery

After the Fire

  • First 24 Hours

    • Contact Assistance Agencies

    • Contact Insurance Company

  • Ongoing Actions

    • Valuing Property

    • Replacing Documents

    • Salvage and Restoration


Wildfire recovery33 l.jpg
Wildfire Recovery

Web Site

http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/citizens/all_citizens/atf/

After the Fire – Return to Normal


Wildfire readiness34 l.jpg
Wildfire Readiness

In Conclusion

  • The Wildfire Threat

  • Preparing for the Threat

  • Survival and Recovery


ad