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Microsoft Windows. Windows XP Versions. XP Home XP Professional Main difference between Home & Pro is the ability to log in to a Domain Network. XP Professional 64-Bit – Can access more the 4GB of System Memory XP Media Center Edition

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Microsoft Windows

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Microsoft windows l.jpg

Microsoft Windows


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Windows XP Versions

  • XP Home

  • XP Professional

    • Main difference between Home & Pro is the ability to log in to a Domain Network.

  • XP Professional 64-Bit – Can access more the 4GB of System Memory

  • XP Media Center Edition

  • XP Tablet Edition – Special programs to rotate screen display, etc.


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Minimum Hardware Requirements for XP

  • 233 MHz Pentium CPU (300 MHz)

  • 128 MB RAM (256 MB)

  • 2GB Hard Drive w/ 650 MB avail. (2 GB available)

  • Optical Drive

  • Keyboard & Mouse

  • Video adapter supporting 800X600

  • Sound card, speakers or headphones


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XP Installation Types

  • Clean Install – Format the hard drive, install everything new.

  • Upgrade Install – Change Windows System files to XP versions, leave user's files and the Registry intact.

    • Can't upgrade from Windows95

  • Dual-Boot Install – Install XP to a separate disk partition. Leaves old Windows intact. Lets user select version of Windows to boot.


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XP Recovery Console

  • Booting off the Windows CD can also give you the option of repairing a damaged XP installation with the use of the Recovery Console, a text mode program that gives you access to a version of the Command Prompt.

  • You must know the Administrator's password to use Recovery Console. (No one remembers the Administrator's password.)


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5 Stages of an Install

  • Driver loading

  • File Copy

  • Text Mode Setup (also, selecting and formatting a partition, if necessary.)

  • GUI Mode Setup (Regional settings, computer name, admin password.)

  • Welcome (Creating user accounts.)


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Windows XP Features

  • Simple File Sharing

  • Remote Desktop

  • Automatic Updates

  • System Restore

  • Fast User Switching


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Remote Desktop

  • Allows a Remote computer to be controlled by a Client computer.

  • Most useful for IT troubleshooting on a corporate network.

  • The Remote computer must authorize being controlled, and must have a PUBLIC IP address.

  • Most home computers are behind a router and don’t present a public IP, generally, you can't control your home computer from your office computer.


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Automatic Updates

  • Microsoft issues security and other updates periodically (about once a month).

  • Four setup choices

    • Download and install automatically.

    • Download, but don’t install until told.

    • Notify about updates, but don’t download until told.

    • Turn off completely.

  • The first choice is the default.


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System Restore

  • Allows user to return System State (Registry) to an earlier time.

  • Useful when a hardware or software installation has caused a problem in the system.

  • Can be useful when a virus has infected the system, if you know the approximate date you were infected.

  • Windows creates system checkpoints automatically. Restore points can also be created manually.


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Fast User Switching

  • Can switch from one user to another without logging off and on.

  • Originally intended for home use, but is available (and is the default) in XP Pro.

  • Cannot be used if the computer logs on to a domain account.


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Windows Vista

  • Released to the public in January, 2007.

  • Four versions

    • Home Basic ( $200/$90 )

    • Home Premium ( $260/$200 )

    • Business ( $300/$200 )

    • Ultimate ( $320/$300 )


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Vista Hardware Requirements

1-GHz 32-bit or 64-bit CPU

1 GB of RAM

40 GB Hard Drive with 15 GB available

Support for DirectX 9 Graphics and 128 MB of Graphic Memory (Minimum)

Audio Output

Internet Access


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New Features in Vista

Aero display

Flip and Flip 3D

Pervasive Search capability

Previous Versions of a file, using Shadow Copy. (Only in Business and Ultimate).

Hard Drive Imaging (Business & Ultimate)

Search Folders (Saved Searches)


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Flip

Flip is the replacement for the "Alt+Tab Task Switcher". Hold down the Alt key and repeatedly hit Tab to cycle through all open programs.

Displays a live thumbnail of the application instead of a generic icon, to help you select the correct window.

Release the Alt key to select the currently selected window.


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Flip 3D

Also helps you choose one of the currently open windows, but uses the Windows key instead of Alt.

Creates a 3D "rolodex" of live views of open applications, approximately 1/3 of full size.

Used when Flip's thumbnails aren't large enough to find the window you want.


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Pervasive Search

Almost every window that displays a list of some kind has a Search box.

Typing a few characters of the file name or program name will narrow the list to matching entries.

Particularly helpful on the "Start" menu.


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Saved Searches

Save the criteria of a search to be able to execute the search at a later time.

Has the effect of creating "Virtual Folders." It is no longer important to remember where you saved a file.


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Drive Imaging

Previous versions of Windows had built-in file backup, but Vista adds "Full Computer Backup", taking a snapshot of you hard drive and storing it in a file on an external drive or a network drive.

Allows you to quickly recover from a catastrophic failure.


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